Southern Anthology

families on the frontiers of the Old South

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151 "The Battle of Bannockburn (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Allt nam Bànag or Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Allt a' Bhonnaich) 24 June 1314 was a significant Scottish victory in the First War of Scottish Independence, and a landmark in Scottish history." Berkeley, Thomas de 1st Baron Berkeley, MP (I11411)
152 "The Battle of Bouvines, which took place on 27 July 1214, was a medieval battle which ended the 1202?1214 Anglo-French War. It was fundamental in the early development of France in the Middle Ages by confirming the French crown's sovereignty over the Angevin lands of Brittany and Normandy." Dammartin was exiled as a result of the defeat. Dammartin, Simon de Comte de Ponthieu et de Montreuil (I13285)
153 "The Battle of Covadonga was the first victory by Christendom military forces in Iberia since the Islamic conquest of Hispania in 711-718." Asturias, Pelayo de King of Asturias (I18965)
154 "The Battle of Evesham (4 August 1265) was one of the two main battles of 13th century England's Second Barons' War. It marked the defeat of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and the rebellious barons by the future King Edward I, who led the forces of his father, King Henry III. It took place on 4 August 1265, near the town of Evesham, Worcestershire." Berkeley, Thomas de 1st Baron Berkeley, MP (I11411)
155 "The Battle of Falkirk (Blàr na h-Eaglaise Brice in Gaelic), which took place on 22 July 1298, was one of the major battles in the First War of Scottish Independence. Led by King Edward I of England, the English army defeated the Scots, led by William Wallace. Shortly after the battle Wallace resigned as Guardian of Scotland." Berkeley, Thomas de 1st Baron Berkeley, MP (I11411)
156 "The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army" including Raymond. Tripoli, Raymond III of Count of Tripoli (I19311)
157 "The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army." Joscelin was captured. Courtenay, Joscelin III de Lord of Harenc (I19306)
158 "The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army." Thoros evaded capture. Armenia, Thoros II of Lord of the Mountains (I19356)
159 "The Battle of Mount Cadmus took place near Laodicea on January 6, 1148, during the Second Crusade. The French crusader army, led by Louis VII of France, was defeated by the Seljuks of Rum." Warenne, William III de 3rd Earl of Surrey (I11512)
160 "The Battle of Río Burbia or the Battle of the Burbia River was a battle fought in the year 791 between the troops of the Kingdom of Asturias, commanded by King Bermudo I of Asturias, and the troops of the Emirate of Córdoba, led by Yusuf ibn Bujt. The battle occurred in the context of the Ghazws of Hisham I against the Christian rebels of the northern Iberian Peninsula. The battle took place near the Río Burbia, in the area which is today known as Villafranca del Bierzo. The battle resulted in Andalusian victory." Asturias, Vermudo I de King of Asturias (I18959)
161 "The Battle of Simancas (also called Alhandega or al-Khandaq) was a military battle that started on July 19, 939, in the Iberian Peninsula between the troops of the king of León Ramiro II and Cordovan caliph Abd al-Rahman III near the walls of the city of Simancas. The battle decided the control of the lands of the Duero. * * * The battle lasted some days, with the allied Christian troops emerging victorious and routing the Cordovan forces."  González de Castilla, Fernán Conde de Castilla (I18167)
162 "The battle that ensued was a desperate affair, in which Louis himself was nearly killed: he escaped a rush by Turkish attackers by scrambling up a rock covered in tree roots and battering back his assailants with his sword until they tired of the pursuit and rode away. He rejoined his men once night had fallen, having come to them 'in the silence of midnight, without a guide.' The French fatalities were considerable and the injury to their pride greater still; after a week skirting the enemy territory, they had fared nearly as badly as the Germans." Louis VII King of the Franks (I11991)
163 "The Constitution"
Atlanta, Georgia

June 5, 1917

W. H. Huguley, West Point

West Point, Ga., June 4 - (Special) - W. H. Huguley, one of West Point's most highly respected citizens, died at his home here this morning at the age of 87. He was born in Troup county and had lived in this community all his life. He was a confederate veteran and a brother of Colonel George H. Huguley, a distinguished officer in the confederate army. Mr. Huguley succeeded his father, the late George H. Huguley, as president of the Georgia-Alabama Manufacturing company, but retired from business in 1890 to resume his farming interests. Mr. Huguley is survived by his wife, four sisters, Mrs. A. Jackson and Mrs. L. Lanier of West Point, Mrs. L. H. Yancey and Mrs. R. M. Goodall, of Birmingham, and four sons, W. T. Huguley of New York and Washington; G. A., W. H., and Amos Huguley of West Point. 
Huguley, William Henderson (I10399)
164 "The date of John's birth is traditionally set as December 24, 1167, at Oxford (Handbook of British Chronology, ed. E. B. Frye et al. (London, 3rd edn, 1986), p. 37), but this is wrong on almost every count." John I King of England (I10786)
165 "The day after the council met, Tecumseh, with a suite of twenty-four warriors, marched into the centre of the square, and stood still and erect as so many statues. They were dressed in tanned buckskin huntingshirt and leggins, fitting closely, so as to exhibit their muscular development, and they wore a profusion of silver ornaments; their faces were painted red and black. Each warrior carried a rifle, tomahawk, and war-club. They were the most athletic body of men I ever saw. The famous Jim Bluejacket was among them. Tecumseh was about six feet high, well put together, not so stout as some of his followers, but of an austere countenance and imperial mien. He was in the prime of life. The Shawnees made no salutation, but stood facing the council-house, not looking to the right or the left. Throughout the assembly there was a dead silence. At length the Big Warrior, a noted chief of the Creeks and a man of colossal proportions, slowly approached, and handed his pipe to Tecumseh. It was passed in succession to each of his warriors; and then the Big Warrior- not a word being spoken- pointed to a large cabin, a few hundred yards from the square, which had previously been furnished with skins and provisions. Tecumseh and his band, in single file, marched to it. At night they danced, in the style peculiar to the northern tribes, in front of this cabin, and the Creeks crowded around, but no salutations were exchanged. Every morning the chief sent an interpreter to the council-house to announce that he would appear and deliver his talk, but before the council broke up another message came that "the sun had traveled too far, and he would talk next day." At length Colonel Hawkins became impatient, and ordered his horses to be packed. I told him the Shawnees intended mischief; that I noted much irritation and excitement among the Creeks, and he would do well to remain. He derided my notions, declared that the Creeks were entirely under his control and could not be seduced, that Tecumseh's visit was merely one of show and ceremony, and he laughingly added, 'Sam, you are getting womanly and cowardly.' I warned him that there was danger ahead, and that, with his permission, as I had a depot of goods in the nation, I would watch them a while longer. We then packed up and publicly left the ground, and rode twelve miles to the Big Spring, where Colonel Hawkins agreed to halt for a day or two, and I returned at night to the vicinity of the council ground, where I fell in with young Bill Milfort, a handsome half-blood, nearly white, whom I had once nursed through a dangerous illness. Bill-alas! that he should have been doomed to perish by my hand- was strongly attached to me, and agreed to apprise me when Tecumseh was ready to deliver his talk. Next day, precisely at twelve, Bill summoned me. I saw the Shawnees issue from their lodge; they were painted black, and entirely naked except the flap about their loins. Every weapon but the war-club-then first introduced among the Creeks-had been laid aside. An angryscowl sat on all their visages: they looked like a procession of devils. Tecumseh led, the warriors followed, one in the footsteps of the other. The Creeks, in dense masses, stood on each side of the path, but the Shawnees noticed no one; they marched to the pole in the centre of the square, and then turned to the left." Milfort, Will (I6024)
166 "The fact that Count Vulgrin, shortly before 1179, had married Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh, lord of Amboise, suggests the marriage had been arranged to suit the Angevins, for Hugh was one of their trusted men. A connection like this, to a family from the Touraine, was an abrupt departure from the time-honored pattern of Angoulême marriage alliances which linked the counts to the lords of Périgord, the Limousin, La Marche and the Saintonge." Family F3107
167 "The first court of Wayne County was held on the second Monday in January, 1780 at the plantation house of Joseph Sasser on Little River. The following gentlemen justices were present: Robert Simms, Ethelred Ruffin, Jesse Jernigan, John Handley, Thomas Williams, Stephen Cobb, Joseph Sanderson, and John Sheppard." Simms, Robert II (I0453)
168 "The key moment, indeed in this transformation [anglicisation] of Scottish society took place in the middle of the twelfth century during the reign of King David I." David I King of Scotland (I4865)
169 "The knight of whom we are about to speak was the eldest son of the executed Lord Hungerford of Heytesbury. The family pedigrees agree in making him born of Lord Hungerford's first wife, Susan Danvers; but the inscription written beneath an existing portrait describes Sir Walter as being aged forty-two in 1574. If that statement is correct, he must have been born of Alicia Sandys, Lord Hungerford's second wife, whom he married in 1527." Hungerford, Walter (I16575)
170 "The lands, between Ebenezer and Briar Creek, belonged to the Uchees, who refused to dispose of them. But to secure this part of the country, two forts were built on the South Carolina side of the [Savannah] river, which answered the purpose. Establishments were made at Silver Bluff, and at the falls of the Savannah, where the town of Augusta was laid out, warehouses erected, and a garrison thrown into a small fort. Augusta immediately became a general resort for Indian traders, where they purchased annually about two thousand pack-horse loads of peltry. Six hundred white persons were engaged in this trade, including townsmen, pack-horse men and servants. Boats, each capable of carrying down the river a large quantity of peltry, were built, and four or five voyages were annually made with them to Charleston. A trading highway was opened to Savannah on which few of the creeks were bridged, or marches and swamps causewayed.

He who became the wealthiest and most conspicuous of all these Indian traders, was George Galphin, a native of Ireland. When quite a young man, he established himself upon the site of De Soto's ancient Cutifachiqui, where the remarkable adventurer first discovered the Savannah river, in 1540. Upon the site of this old Indian town, on the east bluff of the Savannah, in Barnwell District, South Carolina, now called Silver Bluff, and at present the property of Gov. Hammond, young Galphin first begun to trade with the Creek Indians. Although he made Silver Bluff his headquarters, he had trading houses in Savannah and Augusta. He was a man of fine address, great sense, commanding person, untiring energy and unsurpassed bravery. His power was felt and his influence exerted even to the banks of the Mississippi. Among the Upper and Lower Creeks, Cherokees, Chickasaws and Choctaws, he sent forth numerous pack-horse men, with various merchandise, who brought back to Georgia almost countless skins and furs, kegs of bears' oil, hickory-nut oil, snake root and medicinal barks, which he shipped to England. He often went himself into these nations, fearlessly trading in the immediate vicinity of the French Fort Toulouse [near present-day Wetumptka, Alabama], upon the Coosa. Commercial policy and an amorous disposition led him to form connections with several females, who were called his wives, and from whom descended many intelligent and influential persons, now inhabiting Georgia, Alabama and the Arkansas Territory."
Galphin, George I (I5426)
171 "The March of Genoa or Eastern Liguria was created in 961 by the Emperor Otto I. It was originally called either the marca Obertenga after its first holder, Oberto I, or the marca Januensis after its original capital and chief city, Genoa. Its creation was part of a general reorganisation of the northwest of Italy into three frontier districts. Western Liguria became the March of Montferrat and the interior became the March of Turin. It comprised the counties of Luni, Tortona, Milan, and Genoa." Obizzo, Oberto I Margrave of Genoa (I19129)
172 "The marriage of Sir Nicholas Poyntz with one of the two daughters of Sir Ralph Verney is recorded on a monument in the middle of Clayton Church, co. Bucks. The other daughter married Sir Francis Hynde, of Madingby, co. Cambridge, Knt. (Topographer, vol. ii, p. 366.) Two of these ladies' brothers were tried for their share in Dudley's conspiracy. (Verney Papers, Camden Society.)"
Family F0596
173 "The most distressing disaster on our frontiers this year, happened at Brookfield.

July 22 [1710], 'six men, viz. Ebenezer Hayward, John White, Stephen Jennings, Benjamin Jennings, John Grosvenor and Joseph Kellogg were making hay in the meadows, when the Indians, who had been watching an opportunity to surprise them, sprang suddenly upon them, despatched five of them, and took the other (John White) prisoner. White, spying a small company of our people at some distance, jumped from the Indian that held him and ran to join his friends ; but the Indian fired after him and wounded him in the thigh, by which he fell ; but soon recovering and running again, he was again fired at and received his death wound.' - Fiske's Discourse."  
Jennings, Stephen (I21584)
174 "The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the vast majority of the Crusader forces, removing their capability to wage war. As a direct result of the battle, Muslims once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities. These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin." Lusignan, Guy I de King of Jerusalem (I14843)
175 "The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the vast majority of the Crusader forces, removing their capability to wage war. As a direct result of the battle, Muslims once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities. These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin." Châtillon, Renaud de Prince of Antioch (I19194)
176 "The necrology of Reims records the death 'this May 6' of 'Raginoldus the count.' The Chronicle of St Peter the Living Sens records that 'counselor to the king Lothaire Reginald' died '...the ninth month of his ordination', the latter referring to Archambaud who was appointed as archbishop of Sens 958, therefore the passage being dated to 967." Medieval Lands: A prosopography.  Roucy, Ragenold de Count of Roucy (I13205)
177 "The precise date of the death of Hugh Pointz is not stated, but it doubtless occurred before the 24th December, 1307, for on that date, Nicholas, his son and successor by Margaret daughter of Sir William Paveley, was commissioned as one of the Conservators of the Peace in the County of Dorset, and on the 17th March following he was granted special powers for preventing tortuous prises, &c. On the 21st June in the same year he was summoned to perform military service in person against the Scots, to muster at Carlisle in the octave of the Assumption. On the 4th March, 2nd Edw. II (1308-9) he was summoned to attend a parliament at Westminster in one month of Easter, and on 9th June in the following year he was summoned to attend a parliament at Stamford on Monday next after the feast of St. James the Apostle (27th July), having been on the 20th June preceding requested to prepare to join an expedition against the Scots in such a manner as should be ordained at that parliament. On 30th July, 1309, he was summoned to a muster at Newcastle-upon-Tyne to perform military service in person against the same nation, and on 26th October in the same year he was summoned to a parliament at York on Monday next after the Purification following. Whether his health was failing him at this time we know not, but on the 1st of April he was enjoined to proceed with greater activity in executing the commission for the conservancy, 4 and on 2nd August he was earnestly requested to attend the muster at Berwick-upon-Tweed, 5 and on 17th September following he proffers the service of the knight's fee for his manor of Cory Malet performed by two 'Servientes' with two barbed horses. He was one of the Supervisors of Array in the counties of Dorset and Somerset and also leader of the levies, and by writ tested at Berwick on 20th May, 1311, the sheriff was commanded to pay his expenses, 7 and on the 28th of the same month he was requested to proceed against the Scots with as many followers as he could raise. 8 On the 16th June in the same year he was summoned to a parliament to be held at London on Monday next before the feast of St. Lawrence, 8th August, 1311. He was twice married : first to Elizabeth, daughter of Edward de la Zouch of Harringworth, and secondly to Matilda, the heir of Sir John Acton of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester. In the inquisition taken at Schyreburn for the county of Dorset on 16th August, 1311, after his death the jurors found that the said Nicholas together with Elizabeth, sometime his wife, were conjointly enfeoffed of the manor of Stoke St. Edward in the county of Gloucester with appurtenance of the gift and feoffment of Miles de Monte Alto to hold the same to the said Nicholas and Elizabeth in free marriage of the Earl of Gloucester as a member of the manor of Sutton which the said Earl holds by the service of two knights, and the jurors say that Hugh Pointz is son and nearest heir of the said Nicholas, and was aged 18 years on the feast of All Saints last past.

In the Inquisition taken at Hoo for the county of Kent, the jurors find that the said Nicholas died seized of the manor of Hoo, which he held of the King in capite, and they say further that he held on the day on which he died the manor of Lollynggeston conjointly with Matilda his wife, which said Manor was acquired of Eeymond Heryng to have and to hold to him and the heirs of his body by fine in the Court of the King, and they say the said manor is held of the Archbishop of Canterbury by the service of one knight's fee.

He was also found to have died seized of the manor of Tokinton in the county of Gloucester by the same tenure as before stated, and Hugh Pointz was found to be his son and nearest heir, and to be aged 18 years and more.

To these Inquisitions is annexed the extent of the knights' fees which were held by the said Nicholas Poyntz of the King in capite for the counties of Dorset and Somerset, and which by reason of his death fell into the King's hands. Of the fees held by him in Gloucester and other counties no return is found.

* * *

The custody of the lands of Nicholas Poyntz, together with the knights' fees, upon the payment of seven hundred marks into the Treasury, was granted to William le Latimer to hold until the legal age of the heir of the said Nicholas. This grant from some cause fell through, and soon afterwards the King, upon the payment of a like sum into the Exchequer by William Eydal, sold to the same William the custody of the lands and tenements which belonged to Nicholas Poynz, deceased, to hold with the knights' fees, advowsons of churches, and all other tilings to the same custody belonging, until the legal age of the heir of the said Nicholas.

In 1314 Matilda relict of Nicholas Poyntz had an assignment of dower in her late husband's lands.

In 1316 Hugh Poynes, being then of full age, was certified, pursuant to writ tested at Clipston on 5th March, as lord or joint lord of the hundred of Hoo in Kent and of the Advowsons of the churches of SS. Margaret and Werburgh at Hoo, of the manor of Tockington in Gloucestershire, of Curry Malet in Somerset, and of Eockley in Wilts.
Poyntz, Nicholas 2nd Baron Poyntz of Cory Mallet (I11876)
178 "The Rancon family had participated in the revolts of 1168 and 1173-4, and, like the Taillefers, may well have been disturbed by the advance of Angevin power in the valley of the Charente, from Saintes eastwards through Cognac towards Angoulême. Geoffrey de Rancon's great castles at Taillebourg and Pons were well sited to disrupt communications between Bordeaux, Saintes and La Rochelle." Duke Richard captured the impregnable Taillebourg in 10 days, a feat which "establish[ed] him once and for all as an acknowledged expert in the vital art of siege warfare...." Rancon, Geoffroy IV de (I19923)
179 "The Sack of Constantinople or Siege of Constantinople occurred in 1204 and marked the culmination of the Fourth Crusade. Mutinous Crusader armies captured, looted, and destroyed parts of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. After the capture, the Latin Empire was established and Baldwin of Flanders was crowned Emperor Baldwin I of Constantinople in the Hagia Sophia." Saint-Pol, Hugh IV de Comte de Saint-Pol (I10969)
180 "The second owner of the manor, Sir Robert Poyntz, who died in the 17th of Henry VI., 1439) is famous in our parochial annals. Three slabs in the church mark his grave and the graves of his two wives-the first, Ann (I know not of what family), and the second, Catharine, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Fitz-Nichols, a member of the Berkeley family. This Sir Robert Poyntz is undoubtedly associated with the erection of the unique and beautiful preaching cross which stands in our churchyard; for the shields which it carries have the arms of Acton and FitzNichols incised upon them; the arms of Acton (quarterly, per fesse dancette, argent and gules), borne by Sir Robert Poyntz, as Lord of the manor of Acton; and the arms of Fitz-Nichols (quarterly gules and or, a bend argent) borne by his second wife, Catharine. The date of the cross is thus clearly assigned to a period to which its architecture exactly corresponds, the beginning of the 15th century. A more difficult question has arisen with regard to the connection of Sir Robert Poyntz with the existing fabric of the church. Round the verge of his slab runs the inscription: "Here lyth Roberd Poyntz, Lord of Iren Acton and thys stepyl here maked who deyde thefyflene day of Junne, the year of owre Lord Mccccxx[xix] of whos soule God have mercy, Amen." Lysons, who gives a copy of the slab, naturally infers from these words that Sir Robert Poyntz built the tower of the church. But the tower is of an earlier date than the body of the church, and, if its architectural features can be trusted, it can scarcely have been built during the life of Sir Robert Poyntz. The church itself he might have built; the preaching cross he certainly did build. If the word "stepyl" could be applied to the tall and elegant canopied preaching cross, the difficulty would be solved. Otherwise I am inclined to believe that Sir Robert Poyntz built the tower, choosing a style of architecture already somewhat oldfashioned, or, perhaps, completing a tower which had been begun in the Decorated style some years before." Poyntz, Robert (I11872)
181 "The Siege of Acre was the first significant counter attack by King Guy of Jerusalem to the losses the kingdom experienced to Saladin, leader of the Muslims in Syria and Egypt and formed part of what later became known as the Third Crusade. The siege lasted from August 1189 until July 1191, in which time the city's coastal position meant the attacking Latin force were unable to fully invest the city and Saladin was unable to fully relieve it with both sides receiving supplies and resources by sea. Finally, it was a key victory for the Crusaders and a serious setback for Saladin's ambition to destroy the Crusader States." Saint-Pol, Hugh IV de Comte de Saint-Pol (I10969)
182 "The Siege of Damascus took place between 24 July and 29 July 1148, during the Second Crusade. It ended in a decisive crusader defeat and led to the disintegration of the crusade. The two main Christian forces that marched to the Holy Land in response to Pope Eugene III and Bernard of Clairvaux's call for the Second Crusade were led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany. Both faced disastrous marches across Anatolia in the months that followed, with most of their armies being destroyed. The original focus of the crusade was Edessa (Urfa), but in Jerusalem, the preferred target of King Baldwin III and the Knights Templar was Damascus. At the Council of Acre, magnates from France, Germany, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem decided to divert the crusade to Damascus." France, Robert I de Seigneur de Dreux (I10909)
183 "The significance of the Battle of Inab in 1149 paralleled that of the Field of Blood thirty years earlier. The Frankish principality was again deprived of a potent ruler and, with no obvious male heir apparent, left leaderless and vulnerable."  Poitiers, Raymond de Prince of Antioch (I19193)
184 "The slab of Catharine Fitz-Nichols, second wife of this Sir Robert Poyntz, bears a few letters round the verge which enable us to identify it; but it was used two centuries afterwards to serve as a memorial of Elizabeth, wife of Robert Poyntz Esq. who died in 1631." FitzNichol, Katherine (I11873)
185 "The Wedding

One of the Most Beautiful Brides Griffin Has Ever Seen
Beautiful Decorations and Solemn Ceremony

The wedding of Miss Effie Dickenson to Mr. Jackson Garland last night was an occasion that filled the Baptist church to its utmost limits with the many friends and admirers of the bride and groom. The church was adorned with four arches of evergreen and holly, and the bride and groom faced the audience, with the attendants ranged on either side, forming a beautiful semi-circle. Shortly after the appointed hour the ceremony took place, and was performed in a very impressive manner by Rev. F.M. Daniel. The bride was dressed in white silk, with orange blossoms and long veil, and was one of the most exquisitely lovely pictures we have ever seen. The bridesmaids were also attired in white silk, full dress, and presenting an imposing array of beauty. They were Misses Bessie Mills, Mary Burr, Ione Hammond, Annie Bates, Hattie Head, Ora Boyd, Mary Niles and Eunice Green. The groomsmen were Will Davis, Allen Bates, Lewis Niles, F. G. Bailey, Henry Amos, Bird Garland, Arthur Stewart and Otis Couch, all attired like the groom, in Prince Alberts.

After the ceremony an elegant reception was held at the residence of the bride's mother, which was attended by many invited guests until a late hour. The presents were numerous and elegant."

The Griffin Daily News and Sun. Griffin, Georgia, Thursday Morning, December 19, 1889

Family F0432
186 "This brings a curious political alignment to the fore, for John de Charlton's younger brother Thomas had been the king's unsuccessful candidate for the see of Hereford, which had been given to [Adam of] Orleton. Both Orleton and Thomas de Charlton had been clerks close to the royal household, and the two men went together to Avignon to petition the Pope on behalf of the king to appoint Henry de Burghersh to the see of Lincoln. * * * In these friendships with ecclesiastics - Orleton, Charlton, Burghersh, as well as Alexander Bicknor (Archbishop of Dublin) and John de Hotham already mention - Roger [de Mortimer] was building an educated and diplomatic power base as well as a military one." Family F4591
187 "This regiment was organized at Auburn, in May 1862 and proceeded at once to Corinth. At Tupelo it lost many men by disease, but in the autumn moved into Kentucky in Patton Anderson's brigade. It charged a battery at Perryville, and suffered very severely in casualties. The regiment came out of Kentucky with the army, and was soon after engaged in the battle of Murfreesboro, where its casualties were numerous. Placed in the brigade of Gen. Wood of Lauderdale, Cleburne's division, (with the Sixteenth, Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth, and Thirty-third Alabama), the Forty-fifth remained on duty with the Army of Tennessee, passing the first half of the year 1863 at Tullahoma. It fought under the eye of Cleburne at Chicamauga, and its mutilated ranks told the eloquent story of its services. Gen. Mark Lowery of Mississippi succeeded to the command of the brigade, and the Forty-fifth was present at Mission Ridge and Ringgold Gap with slight loss. The winter was passed at Dalton, and the regiment took a full share in the Dalton-Atlanta Campaign, especially at Resaca, and at New Hope, where Cleburne's division grappled with Logan's corps. On the 22d of July, at Atlanta, Death reveled in its ranks, and half the regiment went down on the hard-fought field. Six weeks later it again fought " where Cleburne crossed the line" at Jonesboro, with considerable loss. Then followed the long and disastrous march into Tennessee. The Forty-fifth opened the battle at Franklin the evening before by a brilliant fight at Springhill, and the next day was in the bloody and desperate assault of Cleburne's division on the enemy's works, and was almost annihilated around the corpse of its heroic division commander. Its colors floated before Nashville, and a remnant of the Fort-fifth moved into North Carolina. It was there consolidated with other Alabama regiments, and surrendered with Gen Johnston's forces."  Dickinson, Mark Smith (I8942)
188 "This region became part of the Central New York Military Tract, used to compensate New York soldiers for service in the military during the War for Independence." Sutton, Jeremiah (I17457)
189 "To the Honorable Legislature of Mississippi Teritory, Governor and Council:

The Humble Petition of Joseph Stiggins Showeth that having formerly resided in the Creek Nation amongst the Indians and marrying an Inddian woman by whom I had Children, that I moved to the Country and Edicated and brought up to the Cristian Religion, and finding it Disagreeable that by the law of our Teritory that they can't have their oath though borne of a free woman. Your petitioner prayeth that they may be Released from that Disability the same that their oldest brother, George Stiggins, was by his own petition. Viz: Mary Stiggins, Susannah Stiggins, Nancy Stiggins and Robert G. Stiggins their poserity this Indulgence your petitioner thinks he justly Intitled to whilst he is forever Bound to pray.

/s/ Joh Stiggins
August 1, 1811"

Source: Record Group 5 (Legislative Records, Territorial Archives), Volume 26, Petitions of the general Assembly, 1810-1816, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, Mississippi.
Bryars, Lazarus John (I0642)
190 "Towards the middle of the ninth century, the country around Bruges was governed by a marquess or "forester" named Baldwin, whose bravery in fighting the Northmen had won him the surname of Iron Arm. Baldwin married Judith, daughter of the Emperor Charles the Bald, and received from his father-in-law, with the title of count, the country bounded by the North Sea, the Scheldt, and the Canche. Thus was founded, in 864, the County of Flanders. Baldwin I was a warm protector of the clergy, and made large grants of land to churches and abbeys. He died in 878."  Flandre, Baldwin I de Count of Flanders (I9449)
191 "True, it was rumored that at least one of Conrad's two previous wives - one Italian, one Greek - was still alvie, but then army gossip was notoriously unreliable. It was true also that Isabella had a husband already, Humphrey of Toron; he was unquestionable alive, indeed he was there in the camp outside Acre. But then there were churchmen in the camp too and wherever there were churchmen, marriages could be broken." Family F6024
192 "Ultimately, Baldwin was forced to drive Melisende from her lands in Nablus and then to actually besiege the queen in the Holy City itself to force her abdication and assert his own right to independent rule." Jerusalem, Melisende of Queen of Jerusalem (I1980)
193 "Upon Sancho's death in 929, Alfonso IV took over direct rule in Galicia. On 16 August, he rewarded Gutier for his continued support with rule over six counties in Galicia: Quiroga, Santiago de Castillón, Lor, Saviñao, Louseiro and Ortigueira. The first five were all located within the Terra de Lemos not far from Lugo, while Ortigueira is on the northern coast. All are in Galicia." Menéndez, Conde Gutierre (I18908)
194 "Vere, Aubrey de (d.1141)" by John Horace Round

VERE, AUBREY de (d. 1141), great chamberlain, was son and successor of Aubrey (Albericus) de Vere 'senior,' by Beatrice his wife. He is found in 1125 acting as joint-sheriff of London (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 309); and in 1130 he appears, in conjunction with Richard Basset, as holding the shrievalty of eleven counties 'ut custodes' for the crown (ib. pp. 297-8). But he was then indebted for an enormous sum to the crown for having allowed a prisoner to escape, and for permission to resign the shrievalty of Essex and Hertfordshire (Rot. Pip. 31 Hen. I, p. 53). In September 1131 he was among the magnates attending the council of Northampton (Sarum Charters, p. 6); and in 1133, on the king leaving England for the last time, Aubrey was given at Farnham the office of great chamberlain for himself and his heirs (Madox, Baronia Anglica, p. 158). He is found at Stephen's court as chamberlain early in 1136 (Geoffrey de Mandeville, pp. 262-3), and was with him at Clarendon not long afterwards (ib. p. 378). When, in 1139, Stephen was called upon to defend before a council his arrest of the bishops, he selected as his advocate Aubrey, whom William of Malmesbury describes as 'causidicus' and as practised in (legal) cases (pp. 552-4). He was slain on 9 May 1141 (not, as stated, 1140) in a London riot (Matt. Paris, Chron. Major, ii. 174; Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 81).

The statement that he was 'chief justiciar of England,' for which Foss could find no authority (Judges of England, pp. 89, 138-9), rests on the assertion to that effect by his son William in a tract 'De miraculis S. Osythæ' (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 390).

There has been much confusion as to Aubrey's marriage and children. By his wife Alice, daughter of Gilbert (Fitz Richard) de Clare- who survived him twenty-two years, retiring as a widow to St. Osyth's Priory -he left, besides Aubrey, his successor (see below), three sons: (2) Geoffrey, who in 1142 was promised by the empress the fief of Geoffrey Talbot, and who, afterwards marrying the widow of William Fitz Alan, held a Gloucestershire fief in her right, besides a Shropshire one in 1166 (Lib. Rub. pp. 274, 298); (3) Robert, who in 1142 was promised by the empress a 'barony' of equal value (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 182), and who held a small Northamptonshire fief in 1166 (Lib. Rub. p. 335; Feudal England, p. 220); (4) William, who in 1142 was promised the reversion to the chancellorship (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 182), and who was identical with the writer of the above tract, a canon of St. Osyth's (ib. p. 389). Of Aubrey's daughters, Rohese married, first, Geoffrey, first earl of Essex [q. v.], secondly, Payne de Beauchamp of Bedford; and Alice, first, Robert of Essex, secondly, Roger Fitz Richard of Warkworth (ib. p. 392).

Aubrey de Vere, first Earl of Oxford (d. 1194), was eldest surviving son of the above Aubrey, whom he succeeded in 1141. Having married Beatrice, daughter of Henry, castellan of Bourbourg, and heiress of her maternal grandfather, Manasses, count of Guines, Aubrey, on the latter's death (1139), became Count of Guines in her right (ib. pp. 189, 397; Stapleton, Archæologia, xxxi. 216 sq.), and is so styled in a charter of the abbot of St. Edmund's (Cott. Chart. xxi. 6). It was also as count before his father's death that he executed the charter to Hatfield Priory quoted by Morant (Essex, ii. 506). In his 'Historia Comitum Ardensium' (Pertz, vol. xxiv.), Lambert of Ardres, as the writer has shown (Academy, 28 May 1892), speaks of Aubrey as 'Albericus Aper' in his account of the comté of Guines. He was divorced by the Countess Beatrice, who then married Baldwin of Ardres, the claimant to the comté, about 1145 (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 189).

Meanwhile he had joined his brother-in-law, Earl Geoffrey, in intriguing with the Empress Maud (ib. p. 178), and, through his influence, obtained from her at Oxford in 1142 a remarkable charter, granting him lands and dignities, including an earldom, either of Cambridge, or, if that was impossible, of Oxford, Berkshire, Wiltshire, or Dorset, which charter her son Henry confirmed (ib. pp. 179-88). The title he adopted was that of Oxford, and in January 1156 Henry II by a fresh charter granted him its 'third penny' as earl (ib. p. 239). In 1166 he made a return of his knights' fees (Lib. Rub. p. 352). He is said to have founded the priories at Hedingham and at Ickleton, Cambridgeshire.

By his second wife, Euphemia Cantelupe, he seems to have had no issue, but by the third, Lucy, daughter of Henry of Essex, he left at his death in 1194 (Rot. Pip. 7 Ric. I) Aubrey, second earl, and Robert, third earl of Oxford [q. v.]

[Pipe Roll of 1130 (Record Comm.); Sarum Charters and Documents, Giraldus Cambrensis, William of Malmesbury, Matt. Paris, Liber Rubeus Scaccarii (all in Rolls Series); Madox's Baronia Anglica; Archæologia; Morant's History of Essex; Pertz's Monumenta; Foss's Judges of England; Dugdale's Monasticon; Round's Geoffrey de Mandeville and Feudal England; Academy, 28 May 1892; Cotton Charters; Pipe Rolls.]

J. H. R. 
Vere, Aubrey II de (I17684)
195 "Wednesday morning at 10 o'clock, a marriage ceremony which united Dr. Robert H. Taylor and Miss Annie Stewart, was performed in a beautiful and impressive manner, by Rev. G. R. McCall, at the residence of the bride's father, Judge J. D. Stewart, on Taylor Street." The Griffin Weekly News, September 18, 1885, reproduced at Fred R. Hartz and Emilie K. Hartz, Marriage and Death Notices From the Griffin (Georgia) Weekly News and The Griffin Weekly News and Sun, 1882-1896 (Vidalia, Georgia: The Gwendolyn Press), p. 65. Family F0352
196 "Wenburn Dickerson" drew blanks in the 1805 Georgia land lottery. Dickinson, Winborn (I0304)
197 "Will of HOLAND MIDDLETON of Hancock County, my son ZACHARIAH MIDDLETON, land in the county afrd. between the beaver dam and the Greensborough my wife MARY MIDDLETON, 1/3 of all my Estate real and personal or her Dowery at her option and no my daughter SARAH DICINSON, five shillings sterling exclusive of all that I have given her the heirs of my daughter SUSANNAH BERRY, 5 shillings sterling, exclusive of property hertofore given her and them...all remaining part of my Estate equally divided between my son JOHN MIDDLETON, ROBERT MIDDLETON, ELIZABETH MIDDLETON and MARY MIDDLETON, PARKS MIDDLETON and BENJAMIN MIDDLETON...MARY MIDDLETON and son ZACHARIAH Exrs... HOLLAND MIDDLETON (Seal) Wit: RIDSON MOORE, JUNR., JONATHAN BLACK, ROBERT OWSLEY... (Will not dated.) Appeared on 23rd of July 1795, Robert Owslwy and Ridson Moore, 2 of subscribing witnesses... MYLES GREENE R. P. H. C."

Abstract at Rev. Silas Emmett Lucas, Jr., compiler, Some Georgia County Records, (Greenville, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press), Vol. 1, 110-111.  
Middleton, Sarah (I0076)
198 "William was a crusader, much admired for his prowess, generosity and handsome appearance. He was the first known troubadour and, as such, a key figure in the history of European literature. He was also a man whose attitude to life amused, astonished and alarmed his contemporaries.* * * The sheer craftsmanship of his lyrics however makes it clear that he took the business of composing verse and music very seriously indeed."  d'Aquitaine, Guillaume IX Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Poitou (VII) (I12875)
199 "With his body already weakened, the king's 'pernicious gluttony' supposedly prompted him to gorge himself on peaches and freshly brewed cider, and as a result he became afflicted with dysentery."  John I King of England (I10786)
200 "Yesterday afternoon at the residence of Mr. R. A. Hardee, in this city, Mr. Ernest Schulz, the popular tailor at Capt. G. R. Niles establishment, and Miss Eula Leak, were united in marriage." The Griffin Weekly News, March 18, 1887, reproduced at Fred R. Hartz and Emilie K. Hartz, Marriage and Death Notices From the Griffin (Georgia) Weekly News and The Griffin Weekly News and Sun, 1882-1896 (Vidalia, Georgia: The Gwendolyn Press), p. 99. Family F0351

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