Southern Anthology

families on the frontiers of the Old South

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101 "Maltravers was an official keeper of the king with [Thomas] Berkeley, charged with protecting the king's safety, and so implicated in the same charges as brought against Berkeley. This is stated explicitly by both Berekley and the prosecution in the course of Berkeley's trial. After the acceptance of Lord Berkeley's second statement, that he was away from his castle at the time of the murder, Maltravers was even more strongly implicated. But he was not accused." Maltravers, John 1st Baron Maltravers (I14871)
102 "Mandeville, Geoffrey de" by John Horace Round

MANDEVILLE, GEOFFREY de, Earl of Essex (d. 1144), rebel, was the son of William de Mandeville, constable of the Tower, and the grandson of Geoffrey de Mandeville, a companion of the Conqueror, who obtained a considerable fief in England, largely composed of the forfeited estates of Esgar*(or Asgar) the staller. Geoffrey first appears in the Pipe Roll of 1130, when he had recently succeeded his father. With the exception of his presence at King Stephen's Easter court in 1136, we hear nothing of him till 1140, when he accompanied Stephen against Ely (Cott. MS. Titus A. vi. f. 34), and subsequently (according to William of Newburgh) took advantage of his position as constable of the Tower to detain Constance of France in that fortress, after her betrothal to Eustace, the son of Stephen, who bitterly resented the outrage. He must, however, have succeeded in obtaining from the king before the latter's capture at Lincoln (2 Feb. 1141) the charter creating him Earl of Essex, which is still preserved among the Cottonian Charters (vii. 4), and which is probably the earliest creation-charter now extant.

From this point his power and his importance rapidly increased, chiefly owing to his control of the Tower. He also exercised great influence in Essex, where lay his chief estates and his strongholds of Pleshy and Saffron Walden. On the arrival of the Empress Maud in London (June 1141), he was won over to her side by an important charter confirming him in the earldom of Essex, creating him hereditary sheriff, justice, and escheator of Essex, and granting him estates, knights' fees, and privileges. He deserted her cause, however, on her expulsion from London, seized her adherent the bishop, and was won over by Stephen's queen to assist her in the siege of Winchester. Shortly after the liberation of the king Geoffrey obtained from him, as the price of his support, a charter (Christmas 1141) pardoning his treason, and trebling the grants made to him by the empress. He now became sheriff and justice of Hertfordshire and of London and Middlesex, as well as of Essex, thus monopolising all administration and judicial power within these three counties. Early in the following year he was despatched by Stephen against Ely to disperse the bishop's knights, a task which he accomplished with vigour. His influence was now so great that the author of the 'Gesta Stephani' describes him as surpassing all the nobles of the land in wealth and importance, acting everywhere as king, and more eagerly listened to and obeyed than the king himself. Another contemporary writer speaks of him as the foremost man in England. His ambition, however, was still unsatisfied, and he aspired by a fresh treason to play the part of king-maker. He accordingly began to intrigue with the empress, who was preparing to make a fresh effort on behalf of her cause. Meeting her at Oxford some time before the end of June (1142), he extorted from her in a new charter concessions even more extravagant than those he had wrung from Stephen. He also obtained from her at the same time a charter in favour of his brother-in-law, Aubrey de Vere (afterwards Earl of Oxford), another Essex magnate. But the ill-success of her cause was unfavourable to his scheme, and he remained, outwardly at least, in allegiance to the king. His treasonable intentions, however, could not be kept secret, and Stephen, who already dreaded his power, was warned that he would lose his crown unless he mastered the earl. It was not, however, till the following year (1143) that he decided, or felt himself strong enough, to do this. At St. Albans, probably about the end of September, Geoffrey, who was attending his court, was openly accused of treason by some of his jealous rivals, and, on treating the charge with cynical contempt, was suddenly arrested by the king after a sharp struggle. Under threat of being hanged, he was forced to surrender his castles of Pleshey and Saffron Walden, and, above all, the Tower of London, the true source of his might. He was then set free, 'to the ruin of the realm/ in the words of the ' Gesta Stephani.'

Rushing forth from the presence of the king, 'like a vicious and riderless horse, kicking and biting' in his rage, the earl burst into revolt. With the help of his brother-in-law, William de Say, and eventually of the Earl of Norfolk, he made himself master of the fenland, the old resort of rebels. Advancing from Fordham, he secured, in the absence of Bishop Nigel, the Isle of Ely, and pushing on thence seized Ramsey Abbey, which he fortified and made his headquarters. From this strong position he raided forth with impunity, burning and sacking Cambridge and other smaller places. Stephen marched against him, but in vain, for the earl took refuge among the fens. The king, however, having fortified Burwell, which threatened Geoffrey's communications, the earl attacked the post (August 1144), and while doing so was wounded in the head. The wound proved fatal, and the earl died at Mildenhall in Suffolk about the middle of September, excommunicate for his desecration and plunder of church property. His corpse was carried by some Templars to the Old Temple in Holborn, where it remained unburied for nearly twenty years. At last, his son and namesake having made reparation for his sins, Pope Alexander pronounced his absolution (1163), and his remains were interred at the New Temple, where an effigy of him was, but erroneously, supposed to exist.

The earl, who presented a perfect type of the ambitious feudal noble, left by his wife Rohese, daughter of Aubrey de Vere (chamberlain of England), at least three sons: Ernulf (or Ernald), who shared in his revolt, and was consequently exiled and disinherited, together with his descendants; and Geoffrey (d. 1166) and William Mandeville [q. v.], who succeeded him in turn, and were both Earls of Essex.

[Geoffrey de Mandeville: a Study of the Anarchy, 1892, by the present writer.]

J. H. R. 
Mandeville, Geoffrey II de Earl of Essex (I17714)
103 "Many attempts have been made to place Roger Dudley, father of the immigrant, into the large and prominent Dudley family of northern England, but without success. An extensive investigation of the ancestry of Thomas Dudley's maternal grandmother was published by F. N. Craig in 1988. [NEHGR 142:227-44]." Family F7994
104 "Martin Rigdon, Samuel Smith, Joseph Perry, ___ Mourrice and Jessee Steadham escaped through the picketing together. The latter was shot through the thigh early in the action, and Mourrice in the shoulder. Leaping the fence in front of the bastion, over the heads of the squatting Indians, they reached the swamp, where they remained three days, when, finding an old canoe below the Boat Yard, they made their escape to Mount Vernon. Edward Steadham, who was wounded in the hand while flying from the bastion, entered the swamp, swam the Alabama above the Cut-Off, and arrived at Mount Vernon four days after the massacre." Steadham, Jesse (I8235)
105 "Martin Rigdon, Samuel Smith, Joseph Perry, ___ Mourrice and Jessee Steadham escaped through the picketing together. The latter was shot through the thigh early in the action, and Mourrice in the shoulder. Leaping the fence in front of the bastion, over the heads of the squatting Indians, they reached the swamp, where they remained three days, when, finding an old canoe below the Boat Yard, they made their escape to Mount Vernon. Edward Steadham, who was wounded in the hand while flying from the bastion, entered the swamp, swam the Alabama above the Cut-Off, and arrived at Mount Vernon four days after the massacre." Steadham, Edward (I9031)
106 "Miss Mary Nieves Ximenez and her sister Miss Frederica, daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Ximenez, were dark-eyed beauties of much charm and vivacity. Their mother was a di Borgo from the island of Corsica; a granddaughter of the statesman Pozzo di Borgo, who was a companion of Napoleon. When the latter left Corsica, the di Borgo family went to Spain, and married into the family of Cardinal Ximenez, whence they went to St. Augustine, and from there came to Key West. * * *

The Misses Hortensia and Louisa Tatine, half sisters of Misses Petrona and Mary Martinelli, were four bright, vivacious and attractive belles of their day. Like Mrs. Ximenez, they were descended from Pozzo di Borgo. Miss Hortensia married Lieutenant Mayo Carrington Watkins of the United States navy. He, too, resigned his position when the Civil War broke out, and cast his fortune with his native land. Mrs. Watkins is living in Washington, D. C., where she has made her home for many years a charming and delightful woman, who embellishes her conversation with the flavor of the old regime.

Miss Louisa Tatine married Mr. Fernando J. Moreno. She lived in Pensacola for many years and died in 1909. She left four children, Mrs. W. A. Blount, Mrs. W. H. Hunt, Miss Louise, and Fernando, who live in Pensacola, and Mason S. Moreno of Key West."  
Family F1359
107 "Mortally wounded" during the siege of Bristol, July 1643. Villiers, William 2nd Viscount Grandison of Limerick (I16580)
108 "Mr. Emmett Dickinson, the eldest son of Mrs. W. H. Dickinson, died on Tuesday morning at 2 o'clock, and the funeral took place on Wednesday at 10 o'clock from the residence on Thirteenth Street. He was a young man, being only 23 years of age and had been ill for several months with consumption...." The Griffin Weekly News and Sun, September 13, 1895, reproduced at Fred R. Hartz and Emilie K. Hartz, Marriage and Death Notices From the Griffin (Georgia) Weekly News and The Griffin Weekly News and Sun, 1882-1896 (Vidalia, Georgia: The Gwendolyn Press), 296. Dickinson, Robert Emmett (I0623)
109 "Mr. McDowell was an intelligent, common sense sort of man; he was a farmer living near Mt. Olive, and was personally popular, as a proof of which he was the first candidate that the opposite political party had succeeded in electing. The two political parties in that day were known as "Union" and "state Rights," or "Nullifiers" as they were called by some. The Union party were the followers of Andrew Jackson on the tariff question, which had so excited the state of South Carolina a few years previous. The party was afterward known as the Democratic Party. The State Rights party held to the position of John C. Calhoun, and afterwards took the name of Whig Party- both parties honorable in following the lead of such illustrious men as Jackson and Calhoun. The Union Party claimned a majority of fifty or a hundred votes in the county and had heretofore invariably elected their men. The State Rights Party, relying on the good sense and personal popularity of McDowell, succeeded in electing him three times to the legislature and once after it was known as the Whig Party. He raised an intelligent family of children, two of his sons, P. H. and Dr. George M. McDowell, holding positions of honor before their death."

Lizzie R. Mitchell, History of Pike County Georgia (Spartanburg, South Carolina: The Reprint Company, 1980), p. 29.

McDowell, Charles (I1060)
110 "Mr. Stephen Jennings was slain by the Indians, in Brookfield, July 22, 1710. He and five others, being at work in the meadow making hay, were sprung upon suddenly by the Indians, and killed."  Jennings, Stephen (I21584)
111 "Mrs. Clark Dickenson died at her husband's residence near Williamson at ten o'clock yesterday morning of consumption. She was a daughter of J. L. Jackson and will be buried at his family burying ground at ten o'clock today." The Weekly News, May 17, 1889, reproduced at Fred R. Hartz and Emilie K. Hartz, Marriage and Death Notices From the Griffin (Georgia) Weekly News and The Griffin Weekly News and Sun, 1882-1896 (Vidalia, Georgia: The Gwendolyn Press), 150.

* * * *

The Pike County Journal. Zebulon, Pike County, Georgia, November 26, 1897


Beauchamp - Jackson

At the residence of Mr. Clark Dickerson near Williamson Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock, Miss Lucia Jackson was united in marriage to Mr. C. C. Beauchamp. This marriage was a very quiet one and only a few friends and relatives were present. As Miss Jackson, Mrs. Beauchamp was very popular, having many friends and admirers everywhere she was known. She is a young lady of culture, refinement
and beauty. Mr. Beauchamp is a prosperous young merchant of Williamson and is well known
throughout this section of the state as a man of good sense and business ability. The Journal joins their many friends in wishing them a long happy and prosperous marriage.

(Transcribed 07/30/03 Lynn Cunningham)

Additional Comments:
At Williamson Baptist Church Cemetery, Pike County, Georgia:
Charles Croghan Beauchamp, b. 31 Dec. 1873, d. 7 Mar 1934

Lucia Jackson was a sister to Collie Jackson (Mrs. Clark) Dickerson and that is why the marriage took place at their home. Lucia and Collie’s mother was Margaret M. Allen before her marriage to John L. Jackson. Her parents were Robert (Maj. Bob) A. Allen and Priscilla Wright.

Charles Croghan Beauchamp was a son of Dr. J.C. Beauchamp and his first wife, Ella Harriet Gregg.
Jackson, Collie (I0190)
112 "Mrs. Garland Dies; Funeral Saturday

Mrs. Effie Pauline Garland, widow of the late Dr. H.J. Garland, died early Thursday night at her home at 129 South 13th street. She was born in Pike County but came to Griffin as a small girl and had lived here since that time. She was a member of the First Baptist Church. Funeral services will be conducted Saturday morning at 11 o'clock from Pittman Chapel. The Rev. H.M. Lindsey will officiate and burial will be in Oak Hill Cemetery. She is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Frank S. Patton, of Jonesboro, Tenn.; a son, H. S. Garland of Atlanta and a grandson, Walter G. Patton of Jonesboro, Tenn. Her body will remain at Pittman Funeral Home until the funeral."

Griffin Daily News, Friday, January 17, 1958 
Dickinson, Effie Pauline (I1386)
113 "Never mustered into service, never in camps." Drewry, Lucius Q (I3128)
114 "Newdigate Poyntz...had eight children by Sarah Foxley, four sons and four daughters, and from this marriage descend the Poyntzes of Hexton, Herts, allied by two marriages to the ancient family of Taverner, and for two generations Lords of the manor of Hexton. Fifth in direct descent from Newdigate came the Rev. Newdigate Poyntz, Rector of Tormarton, Gloucestershire. His eldest son, the Rev. Nathaniel Poyntz, had one son, Newdigate, who died at Winchester College, aged 18, in the lifetime of his father, and on the very day of his grandfather's funeral at Tormarton. The succession, in consequence of the death of this only son, passed to a nephew, the Rev. Newdigate Poyntz, son of Newdigate Poyntz, Commander, R.N., who was second son of the Rector of Tormarton, and this Rev. Newdigate Poyntz, Vicar of Little Drayton, Salop, is father to the child whose birth occurred in 1875." Family F0534
115 "No good supporting evidence has been presented for the names of Eleanor [Alienora, e.g., MGH SS {Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores Series} 9: 307, n. 19] or Judith [e.g., Grierson (1941) {Philip Grierson, "The relations between England and Flanders before the Norman Conquest", Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 4th ser., 23: 71-113}, 96, n. 2] sometimes supplied for her." Normandie, FNU de (I8810)
116 "Not 1167, the date erroneously given in many history books. 1167 is the date given by Robert of Torigni, but it must be inaccurate: in 1167 Henry was on the continent and Eleanor in England at the time when she would have conceived, and both spent Christmas in Normandy." John I King of England (I10786)
117 "On 17 November the Earl of Arundel and two of his associates, John Daniel and Thomas de Micheldever, were beheaded. In the words of the chronicler Murimuth, Roger [de Mortimer] hated these men with a 'perfect hatred'. The earl had been a sworn enemy of Galveston ever since the tournament of Wallingford. He had moreover taken arms against Roger's uncle [Mortimer of Chirk] in 1312. He had opposed Roger and his uncle during the Despenser war, had taken the lands of Roger's uncle and some of Roger's own estates. He had been part of the embassy which had persuaded Roger to surrender at Shrewsbury by giving the false guarantee that his life would be saved. His defense of Hugh Despenser was just another reason for him to suffer the full penalty of the law."  FitzAlan, Edmund 9th Earl of Arundel (I11409)
118 "On 18 February 1229, Frederick agreed terms with the Ayyubid sultan. In return for a ten year truce and Frederick's military protection against all enemies, even Christians, al-Kamil surrendered Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Nazareth, together with a corridor of land linking the Holy City with the coast. Muslims were to retain access to the Haram as-Sharif, with their own qadi to supervise this sacred area, but otherwise they were to abandon the city. For the first time in forty years the Holy Sepulchre would again be in Christian hands- an excommunicate emperor had achieved what no crusader since 1187 could, and all without spilling a single drop of blood." Staufen, Friedrich II von King of Sicily and Germany, HRE (I12415)
119 "On 22 August 1358, Isabella, the queen mother, died after a short but severe illness. Her body was brought to London for burial at the Franciscan church at Newgate, in a service overseen by the archbishop of Canterbury, Simon Islip, and attended by the entire royal family. In her last hours, Isabella had asked to be buried in her wedding dress and requested that Edward II's heart, placed in a casket some thirty years earlier, be interred next to her. Her final wishes were honoured." France, Isabella of Queen Consort of England (I10781)
120 "On the 24th of May, 1554, Queen Mary gave him [Hungerford], in reward for his 'various services,' a further grant of the lands, &c, forfeited by his late father, and amongst these 'the manor and castle of Farley.' So the Hungerfords held again their ancestral home, and Walter had a respectable estate to boast of. He now seems to have lost no time in taking a wife, as, but a fortnight after obtaining the grant of Farley, he married Anne Basset. One Robert Swyfte, writing from London to the Earl of Shrewsbury, under date of 1 ith June, 1554, thus describes the wedding:-

On Thursday last was married at Richmond, Basset the Queen's maid, to Mr Hungerfurthe, son and heir to Lord Hungerfurthe, at which day the Queen shewed herself very pleasant, commanding all mirth and pastime.

However, this marriage, celebrated as it was under such favourable auspices, must have been of short duration, as four years later, on the 5th of July, 1558, the Queen made Walter another grant, in consideration of his then marriage with Anne, one of the daughters of Sir William Dormer of Ascot, from whom, eleven years afterwards-namely, in 1569, he was divorced." 
Family F5126
121 "One of the first Indian traders was George Galphin, an Irishman. He raised a large family; and of the five varieties of the human family; he raised children from three, and no doubt would have gone the whole hog, but the Malay and Mongol were out of his reach. His white children were of the highest and most polished order- Mrs. Governor Milledge was one of them. He had two negroes, Mina, a woman, and Ketch, a man; they were brother and sister. He raised one daughter from Mina and called her Barbary. She married an Irishman by the name of Holmes, and raised Dr. Thomas G. Holmes, whom Col. Pickett often alludes to in his History of Alabama, as having had conversations with him. At Galphin's death Mina was set free and died at old Timothy Barnard's, on the Flint river, Ga., many years back. Ketch was an interpreter among the Indians for Galpin- was his stock minder- kept stock at Galphin's cowpens, where Louisville in Jefferson county, Ga., now stands, and which was once the seat of government of that state. Ketch helped put up the first cabin at old Galphinton, on the Ogeechee, for an Indian trading house. At Galphin's death Ketch was sold, and was purchased by Gen. [John] Twiggs of the revolution. He was a body servant of Gen Twiggs during the war. At the close of the war, Ketch left his master and went into the Creek Nation. * * * Gen. Twiggs gave Ketch to me. He (Ketch) was about six feet six inches high, very straight, and retained his bodily strength as well as mental faculties, to a most astonishing degree. The Gen. did not give me Ketch expecting me to profit by it, but wished him cared for in his old age, as he had been a faithful servant to his father in trying times. I purchased Ketch's family, and he live till 1840. I buried him under a large oak about a mile from Tuskegee, a place that he selected for that purpose. I had a little mill on a creek near Tuskegee, where I kept Ketch and several other Indian negroes, and here I used to spend much time listening to them tell over old occurrences of by-gone days. From the best calculations we could make, Ketch lived to be near a hundred years old." Galphin, George I (I5426)
122 "Oxford's sufferings were intense: he was disembowelled, then castrated, and finally, still conscious, burned alive." Vere, John de 12th Earl of Oxford (I14893)
123 "Pedro Castile's treatment of his wife, Blache of Bourbon, was atrocious. When she travelled to Valladolid for their marriage, Pedro first kept her waiting there for several months before joining her for a hurried ceremony, and then immediately abandoned her for his mistress, Maria de Padilla. The unfortunate Blanche was first kept in close captivity, then subjected to solitary confinement and finally murdered, most likely at Pedro's instigation." Family F6883
124 "Philip still harboured hopes of launching an invasion of England and to this end had entered negotiations for a marriage alliance with Denmark. On 15 August 1193 he married Ingeborg, the daughter of King Cnut VI. As a successor of the famous Cnut, the eleventh-century conqueror and king of England, Cnut VI possessed both a tenuous claim to the throne of England and a fleet. Philip was interested in both these assets but, unfortunately for Ingeborg, he had lost interest by the morning after the wedding. He repudiated his new wife and tried to return her to the custody of the Danish envoys who had escorted her to Franc. They refused to take her back and departed in haste, leaving Ingeborg to her fate. For years Philip was to endure the condemnation of the Church rather than have Ingeborg as his queen. His dream of a new Danish invasion of England had become a domestic nightmare." Family F5930
125 "Philip was going home a humiliated, and therefore dangerous man. He had been humiliated at Messina when Richard repudiated his sister, and now he had been humiliated again. Perhaps if 'all' his nobles had chosen to go back with him, it might not have been too bad. But only Peter of Nevers did; most, including the most famous knight among them, William des Barres, as well as the most powerful prince, the duke of Burgundy, chose to stay with the crusade." France, Philippe II de King of France (I10981)
126 "PICKENS, Andrew, (grandfather of Francis Wilkinson Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Paxton, Bucks County, Pa., September 13, 1739; attended the common schools; moved with his parents to the Waxhaw settlement in South Carolina in 1752; served in the provincial militia in the campaign against the Cherokee Indians in 1760; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of militia and attained the rank of brigadier general; commanded an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in 1782; member of the state house of representatives 1781-1794; one of the commissioners named to settle the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia in 1787; member of the state constitutional convention in 1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); appointed major general of militia in 1795; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1797; member of the state house of representatives 1800-1812; declined the nomination for governor in 1812; died in Tomassee, Pendleton District, S.C., August 11, 1817; interment in Old Stone Churchyard, near Pendleton, S.C."  Pickens, Gen. Andrew (I15243)
127 "Polly Bailey became the wife of Sizemore who kept a ferry at what is now Gainestown. She was an expert in swimming, and sometimes acted as ferryman. Sizemore lived on the west side of the Alabama and did not take refuge in Fort Mims. Peggy Bailey lived with her mother, an Indian woman, on the east side. Mrs. Sizemore lived to a great age in Baldwin county, and died in 1862. Her daughter, who became Mrs. Podgett, was living in 1890, then one hundred years old." Family F1517
128 "Prancis, second son of Nicholas Poyntz, held some office in the Court of Queen Elizabeth. We know nothing of him beyond what is disclosed by certain proceedings in Chancery, taken upon the complaint of William Plobbes of London, yeoman, on 16th Nov. 1590." Poyntz, Francis (I3979)
129 "Ralph may have still been alive in Normandy in 1137 when he was at least 77 years old." Mortimer, Ralph I de Lord of Wigmore (I12791)
130 "Raymond, Count of Toulouse, had already fought Islam in Spain; now, in old age, he dedicated himself and his vast fortune to the larger war; but a haughty temper spoiled his nobility, and avarice stained his piety." Toulouse, Raymond IV de Comte de Toulouse (I19361)
131 "Relations between the king [Edward II] and the Earl of Lancaster [Thomas of Lancaster] were at a particularly low point. The rise of Hugh Despenser and three new favorites, namely Walter de Montagu, Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, had created a great antagonism between the king and Lancaster. Damory was the king's latest infatuation, and had received the hand in marriage of one of the three heiresses of the earldom of Gloucester. Audley, a second favorite, had received the hand in marriage of the last unmarried Gloucester heiress, the third heiress being married already to Hugh Despenser. These men were described by some chroniclers as being 'worse than Galveston' in their effect on the king. But they were given the largest portion of the Gloucester inheritance, and constituted a real threat to Lancaster's influence and power." Family F4368
132 "RELATIONSHIP of JONATHAN SWIFT And JOHN DRYDEN- In the Life of Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, by Craik, published in 1882, it is stated that the grandmother of the dean was Elizabeth Dryden, niece of sir Erasmus Dryden, and sister of the rev. Jonathan Dryden. In the pedigree of the Dryden family, published by Baker in his History of the County, no Elizabeth, niece of sir Erasmus, appears. There is no reason to doubt that the rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, married an Elizabeth Dryden, a member of the Northamptonshire family. As her name was Dryden she was the daughter of some male Dryden. Malone, who wrote the life of John Dryden, states in a private letter that it was said that the rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, was married to one of the daughters of sir Erasmus, and this he thinks was not true; and in his Life of Dryden 1., p. 238, conjectures that she was the daughter of a brother of sir Erasmus.

Taking all the known facts into consideration there appears but one way of explaining the relationship. Elizabeth, the daughter of sir Erasmus, married sir Richard Phillips, bart. Of the seven brothers of sir Erasmus only two are recorded to have married, and the marriage of one of them is put as doubtful in Baker; but Nicholas Dryden, of Moreton Pinkney, married Mary Emyley, and had, according to Baker, three sons, Jonathan, John, and Godwin, and one daughter, Susanna. Jonathan, the eldest, was born about 1601. If this Nicholas had also a daughter Elizabeth, who married the rev. Thomas Swift, and if his son Jonathan became a clergyman, the matter would be clear.

The rev. Thomas Swift had ten sons, of whom one was named Godwin, and another (the father of the dean) was named Jonathan, which names we can fairly suppose they obtained from the two sons of Nicholas Dryden, if we assume that the mother was a daughter of the said Nicholas. All the dates so far as we have them agree with the supposition I have stated. It is recorded that the poet Dryden and dean Swift called each other 'cousins.' According to the supposition the dean was second cousin once removed to the poet, Malone supposes that Jonathan Dryden, the brother of Elizabeth Swift, had a son who was the Jonathan Dryden, who was born in 1639, at Westminster school and fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and was almost certainly the rev. Jonathan Dryden who was rector of Scrayingham and prebendary of York, and was buried in York cathedral in 1702, who had a son Jonathan born in 1701, who died in 1740.

The rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, was a strong royalist. He built a peculiar house, dated 1636, with large cellars, with a view to storage in troublous times. 'This Thomas Swift, born in 1595, became a man of some mark amid stirring scenes.' When the rebellion broke out 'In spite of his profession, the vicar of Goodrich was of too fervent a spirit to hold aloof from the struggle. It had scarcely opened before he became known amongst the Parliamentarian ranks for a delinquent. The royal standard had been raised in Nottingham, in August, 1649. In October of the same year Thomas Swift?s stout horses and thriving homestead were visited by the Parliamentary marauders.'

Mr. Craik gives many particulars of this vicar and his family, 'This doughty vicar died in 1658, and was buried underneath the altar of the church of which he had been the vicar, and near which stood his battered house.'" 
Family F2865
133 "Rev. James Lazarus Bryars" by Judith Richbourg Jolly. Published in Footprints, December 2001 edition, a publication of the West Florida Genealogical Society. Used by permission of the author.

Rev. James Lazarus Bryars, a well-known and respected Baptist minister in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, FL, as well as in Escambia and Baldwin Counties, AL, began preaching at age 24. Among the churches he organized in Escambia County, FL were Pleasant Hill Baptist Church (1856) and Oak Grove Baptist Church (1883).

In Escambia County, AL, he organized Sardis at Wawbeek (July 1865) and First Baptist Church in Flomaton (1878). A Sunday afternoon preaching point begun in 1870 became First Baptist Church, Atmore in 1886. For many years, James Lazarus walked four and one-half miles from his Florida home to the Williams Station sawmill of John Roberts. His daughters swept the sawmill floor and then James Lazarus stood pine blocks upon end and laid rough slabs across them to seat his faithful congregation.

In 1882, he organized the Perdido Baptist Church in Baldwin County, AL. The churches and preaching stations he served in Santa Rosa County included Cora, Coon Hill, Damascus, Pine Level, and Spring Hill. In 1872, James Lazarus Bryars was one of the founders of the Elim Baptist Association, which included the churches in all four counties.

James Lazarus Byrars was born 07 December 1832 in Stockton, Baldwin County, AL, one of seven children (Elizabeth Ann, Isabelle, Mary Catherine, Mildred Lucivy, Benjamin Henry, and Sarah Francis) of Charles Edward Bryars and his wife, Catherine Margaret Hubbard. Charles Edward and Catherine Margaret were born in South Carolina.

James Lazarus Bryars married Erin Elizabeth "Lizzie" Miles in Escambia County, FL on 01 March 1857. Born near Miles Crossing at Wawbeek, Escambia County, AL in 1838, she was one of nine children (Burgess, Margaret, John, Irena, William Zebedee, Lucretia Ellen, Francis Marion, and Theresa Anetta) of James Miles and his wife, Lucretia Ellen "Nellie" Franklin. James and "Nellie" were born in South Carolina.

James Lazarus and Erin Elizabeth were the parents of James Zebedee (18 October 1857 ~ 21 December 1921), Ellen Lucretia (02 August 1859 ~ 01 January 1945), Benjamin Francis (30 November 1861 ~ 03 October 1922), Margaret Catherine (03 March 1864 ~ 09 March 1947), Charles D. (27 June 1866 ~ 07 January 1883), and Lucy Elizabeth (02 August 1868 ~ July 1906). Erin Elizabeth Miles Brysrs, age 30, died 20 August 1868 and was buried in the Miles family plot at the Bowman Cemetery in Wawbeek, Escambia County, Alabama.

The second wife of James Lazarus Bryars was Malinda Caroline Daily. Born 29 August 1834, presumably in Monroe County, AL, she was the oldest of four children (Francis P., Mark Hawkins, and Eliza J.) of John Daily and his wife Sarah, both born in SC. John and Sarah married 20 September 1833 in Monroe County, AL. John's father was John S. Daily, a Lutheran clergyman.

Malinda Caroline became a mother to James Lazarus' six young children. In addition, Malinda Caroline and James Lazarus were the parents of John Lazarus (22 October 1870 ~ 04 March 1875) and Judson Rudolph (06 March 1873 ~ 11 September 1938). The family lived at Bluff Springs on land homesteaded by James Lazarus Bryars and granted to him in Patent Certificate #13254. He raised stock, including cattle and hogs, farmed, and cultivated fruit trees.

The children attended Bluff Springs School. From his home, James Lazarus traveled his circuit, which included as many as 20 churches at one time. Representative of his work was the year 1882, in which he recorded 3,775 miles and 194 sermons. He organized Sabbath Schools, baptized converts, made religious visits, ordained preachers and deacons, and officiated at marriages and funerals.

Among his congregations were established churches, including Pleasant Hill, Pine Barren, Beulah, Mitchell's Creek, Union Hill, and Pleasant Grove. He also preached at Ferry Pass, the Navy Yard, and in the lumber and sawmill camps along the Escambia and Perdido Rivers. Some of those worshipers gathered at McKinnon's Camp, Johnson's Camp, and Shelby's Camp.

He was paid a small sum by the Elim Association Missionary Board and he also received offerings from the churches where he preached. Some offerings were a few dollars. Some were 25 and 50 cents. Many times his compensation was a gallon of syrup, a bushel of flour, a hat, shoes, or socks.

In addition to his pastoral and preaching ministry, James Lazarus Bryars was elected Escambia County Surveyor and in 1885 was a member of the Escambia County School Board, serving with H. Crabtree, A. V. Clubbs, P. K. Yonge, and George S. Hallmark. At the time of his death at age 75 on 13 November 1908, he was the pastor of Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and Pine Barren Baptist Church. He was also the moderator of the Elim Baptist Association.

The news of his passing was published in the 14 November 1908 edition of the Pensacola Journal. It was noted that he was the oldest minister in point of service in the county, his service covering 52 years. His funeral was held at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and interment was in the family plot at adjoining Crary Cemetery. Gravesite rites were spoken by his Masonic brethren. On his memorial stone are the words, Faithful is the saying: For if we died unto Him, we shall also reign with Him.

The Elim Baptist Association passed a resolution on the life and death of James Lazarus Bryars. It read in part,

"Whereas our Heavenly Father deemed it (in) the best interest of the tired, tottering, and worn frame of one of our fathers in Israel...(And whereas) Brother Bryars has given a lifelong warfare in defense of the Master's cause...Resolved that...Elim lost the author of its existence, an ardent supporter, and while we feel his loss, we bow in submission to the will of Him who doeth all things well."

Malinda Caroline Daily Bryars died 15 October 1917. She was buried in the unmarked, brick-outlined grave next to that of her husband.

Bryars, Rev. James Lazarus (I0120)
134 "Richard married Judith, daughter of the Duke of Brittany, by whom he had six children: Richard, his successor in the dukedom; Robert, who succeeded his elder brother; William, who became a monk in the abbey of Fecamp, and died very young in 1025; Alice, married to Renauld, Earl of Burgundy; Eleonora, to Baldwin, Earl of Flanders, and Papia, to Guilbert, of Saint Yalery. The duchess Judith founded the magnificent abbey of Bernay, in which she was buried."
Family F3168
135 "Robert of Sablé, numbered among Richard's most important feudal vassals and allies. Robert held a large swath of land around Le Mans, the Plantagenet family heartlands, and had been deeply involved in Richard's preparations for crusade in Anjou and Normandy over the spring and summer of 1190. He was one of the king's three admirals, and as well as commanding a large division of the royal fleet he had served as an ambassador when the army had overwintered in Sicily. He also sat on the official committee responsible for dividing up the possessions of crusaders who died on the journey. Richard trusted him deeply. Not long after his arrival at Acre Richard ordered Robert to take his vows as a Templar knight, whereupon the order promptly elected Robert of Sablé as their new master." Sablé, Grand Master Robert IV de Lord of Cyprus (I19624)
136 "Roger of Howden famously wrote of England in 1198 that 'by these and other vexations, whether justly or unjustly, the whole of England from sea to sea was reduced to poverty.' The 1198 Pipe Roll shows that revenue audited by the exchequer in that year came to £25,405, to which might be added another £1,000 or so as the yield from the carucage (in total about average for the years from 1194). But this total was dwarfed by the size of the sums which John was able to raise a dozen years later. Revenues audited at the exchequer in 1210, 1211, and 1212 came to £51913, £83,291 and £56,612 (all figures which exclude considerable amounts of income from other sources in those years). The history of taxation in England under John does not suggest that he had succeeded to an impoverished kingdom."  John I King of England (I10786)
137 "San Martín de Albelda was a Riojan monastery, whose ruins now lie within the municipal boundaries of Albelda de Iregua. It was an important and advanced cultural centre in Spain and western Europe during the tenth century. * * * It was founded on 5 January 924 by Sancho Garcés I and Toda Aznárez, monarchs of Navarre, in gratitude for the recent reconquest of Nájera and Viguera (923) in conjunction with Ordoño II of León." García, Sancho I King of Pamplona (I12227)
138 "Saw Mr. Mallory a moment at his room door; he has gout, his daughter is not pretty & her husband is a Connecticut yankee." The accompanying footnote advises: "Margaret (Mallory) Bishop, and her husband, Henry Bishop of Bridgeport, Conn." Mallory, Margaret Victoria (I15217)
139 "She was not a popular choice. Christian chroniclers call her a witch and a prostitute, but as Muslim sources reveal, the reality was much worse; she was actually an agent of Saladin." Family F6029
140 "Shortly after the peace the Duchess of Normandy died, without leaving children. All her personal effects were divided between the poor and the monasteries. Richard then determined to marry his mistress Gonnor, for which purpose he convened his barons, who readily gave their consent to the proposed union. All the Norman chroniclers represent her as a lady of high birth and breeding, but, in truth, her father was one of the duke's foresters. She was a great favourite with the clergy, having made large presents to the churches, particularly to Notre-Dame-de-Rouen, on which she bestowed some curious and beautiful embroidery, worked by herself and her maidens. She also caused precious cloths to be worked with silk, illustrating the history of the Virgin Mary and the saints. The six children of this connexion were Richard, who succeeded to the dukedom; Robert, archbishop of Rouen; Mauger, Earl of Corbeil; Emma, married to Ethelred, King of England; Hadwige, who espoused Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany; and Matilda, who was united to Odo, Earl of Chartres."
Family F3166
141 "Silpha Dickerson," age 90 years, is enumerated with the family of Levi D. Dickerson in the 1850 Upson County, Georgia Census. Her husband is "Wilburn," age 87. Carolyn Walker Nottingham and Evelyn Hannah, History of Upson County, Georgia (Vidalia, Georgia: Georgia Genealogical Reprints, 1969), 577. She is identified as "Gilpha" in the will of "Wimburn Dickinson." Id., 263. Daniel, Zilpha (I0309)
142 "Sir Nicholas Poyntz made his will 26th Feb., 1555-6. He names his son and heir Nicholas and his younger sons Francis, Anthony, Edmund, and John, but not his two daughters Frances and Anne, To his wife Dame Johan he gives his new house at Osilworth that standeth on the hill and the parke during her life, remainder to his second son Prancis for life. The will was proved by Johan Poyntz relict and executrix, 3rd July, 1557."
Family F0597
143 "So why did Elanor decide that this was the moment to precipitate a family crisis and begin 'la guerre senz amur'? It may be that there is a clue to this in something else that happened at Limoges. The homage sworn by Raymond of Toulouse was a great triumph for Henry II, but did Eleanor see it in that light? As duchess of Aquitaine she had inherited the ducal claim to Toulouse, but at Limoges Raymond had not only done homage to the dukes of Aquitaine, he had also done homage to the Young King. Did this mean that Aquitaine was going to be permanently subordinated to the ruler of the Anglo-Norman realm? The possibility must have made Eleanor's ancestors turn in their graves. Nor can it have been pleasing to Poitevin nobles. One of them, Hugh of Chauvigny, is reported to have hated all Englishmen. The death of Earl Patrick of Salisbury was still an episode which aroused harsh feelings on both sides." d'Aquitaine, Eleanor Duchess of Aquitaine (I10826)
144 "Somerset's expedition, undertaken in the late summer of 1443, was an aimless fiasco, which looked like a shallow attempt by the Beaufort family to endow themselves with booty seized and lands conquered in central France. It annoyed Richard, duke of York, who succeeded Bedford as lieutenant of France only to find his authority undercut by Beaufort's independent commission. And it wasted a vast amount of money. Somerset died shortly after his return, humiliated by his failure and very possibly driven to suicide. Cardinal Beaufrot now joined his rival Gloucester in being forced into effective political retirement." Beaufort, John Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal, KG (I10766)
145 "Sometime during the summer of 1199, certainly before 30 August, John had his childless - and controversial - marriage to Hawise of Gloucester annulled in Normandy by the Bishops of Lisieux, Bayeux, and Avranches, on a plea of consanguinity, although he managed to keep hold of her lands. Hawise, who had not been crowned queen, did not contest the action, and she and John seem to have remained friendly, since he continued to send her presents. She remarried twice, and died without issue in 1217. She was buried in Canterbury Cathedral."
Family F2435
146 "Such evidence as survives suggests that [Eleanor] probably resided at the castle for well over half of all the weeks in any one year." Provence, Eleonore de Queen Consort of England (I10785)
147 "The 2nd Alabama Cavalry Regiment was organized at Montgomery, May 1, 1862. Proceeding to west Florida, it operated there about ten months and was engaged in several skirmishes. Ordered to north Mississippi, and placed under Gen. Ruggles, the regiment lost 8 men in a skirmish at Mud creek. It was then placed in Ferguson's brigade, and operated in the Tennessee Valley, taking part in numerous skirmishes. The Second fought Grierson at Okalona, with a loss of about 70 men killed and wounded, then harassed Sherman on his march to and from Mississippi. Joining Gen. Wheeler, the Second performed arduous duty on the flank of the army in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, and lost a number of men in the battle of July 22 at Atlanta. Having accompanied Hood to Rome, the Second then fell on Sherman's rear and skirmished almost daily with some loss. The regiment tracked Sherman to Greensboro, North Carolina, then escorted President Davis to Georgia." Bryars, Benjamin Henry (I0523)
148 "The History [of William Marshal] records that the real hero of the hour at Mirebeau was not John but his seneschal of Anjou, William de Roches. William had shown such feats of arms and such courage that his efforts were to be marveled at. Like any hero worthy of the name he had, by repute, three horses killed from underneath him, yet still he fought on leading his troops from the front. No doubt there is some exaggeration in the telling of the tale (it is a common trope that warrior heroes have three horses cut from underneath them), but equally there is no doubt that William de Roches thought he had done enough to warrant a share not only in the profits of victory but also in the handling of the prisoners, especially Arthur, to whom he had at one stage been loyal. But John, according to the History, 'puffed up with pride which daily grew so blurred his vision that he could not see reason,' and acted in such a high-handed manner he 'lost the affection of the barons of the land before he had crossed to England.' Even the most exaled of the prisoners were treated shamefully, kept in chains like common criminals." Roches, Guillaume des Seneschal of Anjou (I19590)
149 "The Atlanta Constitution"
Atlanta, Fulton Co., Georgia

Issue of January 23, 1905


Mrs. Sarah Allen, Williamson, Ga.

Williamson, Ga., January 22 - (Special) Mrs. Sarah Allen, wife of Judge Robert H. Allen, died this evening. She was 80 years old and a member of one of the most prominent families in the section.
Sentell, Sarah (I2135)
150 "The Battle of Aguioncha or Aguiuncias, the culmination of a Galician-Portuguese civil war in the Kingdom of León, was fought at the hill called Aguioncha on the river Salas in the province of Ourense between two aristocratic factions. The leader of the victorious faction was the Portuguese count Gonzalo Menéndez, that of the defeated the Galician count Rodrigo Velázquez." Menéndez, Gonzalo Conde de Portugal (I18898)

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