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The Rebellion of 1189

To settle affairs prior to departing on crusade, the French king Philip and Duke Richard combined to pressure the ailing but recalcitrant king of England to commit to a dynastic arrangement that would unite the two families. At the first conference in November 1188, Henry refused a plan that would have recognized Richard as his successor and marry him, at long last, to Philip's sister Alice (who was scandalously rumored to have been seduced by her guardian, the Old King). Infuriated, Richard offered Philip homage before the assembled nobility for the family's Capetian fiefs . A second conference at Le Ferte, pushed by a Pope fearing a stillborn crusade, did no more than stoke suspicions that Henry would make John his heir. Philip and Richard then struck without warning, attacking Henry and driving him back on Le Mans. Henry was brought to heel after retreating into Anjou and agreed to the terms demanded by his adversaries, an embarrassing capitulation for a dying king.


File nameHenry_II_Final_Campaign.png
File Size159.35k
Dimensions365 x 315
Linked toRichard I, King of England (Military); Philippe II de France, King of France (Military); William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (Military); Guillaume des Roches, Seneschal of Anjou (Military)

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