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The first day of battle saw Edward II's army strung out over the road. The cavalry came up and engaged Bruce in the woods in which he had deployed his force, but to little effect. (Hereford's nephew, Henry de Bohun, was killed charging at Bruce.)  Edward then decamped his blown troops over the Bannock Burn, a mistake for a large force that would need room to maneuver.  Bruce defied the English king's assumption that the Scots would not take the offensive. After a charge by the Earl of Gloucester was repulsed, the rout was on. (English military doctrine throughout the Hundred Years War would rely heavily on the longbow to discomfit mounted and infantry advances and this on ground of their own choosing. This led to the English victory at Agincourt. At Bannockburn, the bowmen were poorly deployed and scattered by Bruce's cavalry. 


Battle of Bannockburn

24 Jun 1314 (Day 2)


Owner/SourcePublic Domain through Wikipedia. Andrei nacu, contributor.
File nameBannockburn_day_2.png
File Size313.67k
Dimensions800 x 566
Linked toEdward II, King of England (Military); Maurice de Berkeley, 2d Baron Berkeley (Military); Thomas Berkeley, 3d Baron Berkeley (Military); Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Essex (Military); Robert I Bruce, King of Scotland (Military); Gilbert de Clare, 10th Earl of Clare, 7th of Herford, 8th of Glouchester (Death); Robert I de Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford (Death); Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (Military); John Maltravers, 1st Baron Maltravers (Military); Roger V de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (Military); John Segrave, 2nd Baron Seagrave (Military)

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