Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, KG

Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, KG

Male 1486 - 1502  (15 years)

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  • Name Arthur Tudor 
    Arthur Tudor
    Arthur Tudor
    Prince of Wales
    Suffix Prince of Wales, KG  
    Born 20 Sep 1486  St. Swithun's Priory, Winchester, Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Title 29 Nov 1489  [4
    Created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. 
    Title 29 Nov 1489  [4
    Knight of Bath 
    Title 8 May 1491  St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Knight of the Garter 
    Knights of the Order of St. George of the Garter
    Knights of the Order of St. George of the Garter
    "The Order of the Garter is the most senior and the oldest British Order of Chivalry and was founded by Edward III in 1348." The official website of the British Monarchy.
    Died 2 Apr 1502  Ludlow Castle, Ludlow, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6, 7, 8
    Ludlow Castle, Shropshire
    Ludlow Castle, Shropshire
    Buried Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Worchester Cathedral
    Worchester Cathedral
    Notes 
    • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 02, "Arthur (1486-1502)" by James Gairdner

      ARTHUR (1486-1502), the eldest son of Henry VII, was born at Winchester on 19 Sept. 1486. His mother was Elizabeth of York, the eldest daughter of Edward IV, whom his father, after he obtained the crown, had married in fulfilment of a promise that he had made in exile. The marriage was intended to have the effect of putting an end to the wars of the Roses by uniting the rival houses of York and Lancaster, and the firstborn was naturally an object of great solicitude. He was baptised in Winchester Cathedral the Sunday after his birth, and was named Arthur after the famous British hero whose fabulous exploits fill the pages of Geoffrey of Monmouth. His descent was traced by industrious genealogists from Cadwallader and the ancient British kings; so that while on the mother's side he was the undoubted heir of the house of York, the defects of his father's title were compensated by a pedigree carried back to the fabled Brutus, In 1489, when only three years old, he was created knight of the Bath and in 1491 knight of the Garter. His education was looked to with peculiar care. His first master after he had learned the elements of letters was one John Rede, who, it seems, was also his chaplain (Wood's Fasti Oxon., ed. Bliss, i. 3); but after a time 'apparently when he was in his tenth year' he was placed under the tuition of the blind poet laureate, Bernard André, who gives a glowing account of his proficiency. Before he was sixteen he had not only studied the leading grammarians, but was familiar with all the best Greek and Latin authors, whose names the enraptured tutor proudly enumerates in his life of Henry VII.

      But the interest of his brief life turns altogether upon the story of his marriage with Katharine of Aragon. Negotiations had already taken place with a view to that marriage as early as 1488, when he was not yet two years old, Ferdinand and Isabella perceiving that, notwithstanding the uncertainty of the succession in England created by the recent civil wars, Henry might be a valuable ally against France, and one that it was desirable to win, while on the other hand the friendship of a recently united Spain was an equally important object to secure on the part of England, The marriage project, of course, was no more at first than a prospective link between the two kingdoms in a comparatively remote future; but, as Lord Bacon remarks, 'the very treaty itself gave abroad in the world a reputation of a strait conjunction and amity between them, which served on both sides to many purposes that their several affairs required, and yet they continued still free,' Ferdinand was too great a politician to conclude the arrangement definitely till he was sure that no future Simnels or Warbecks could do much to shake Henry's throne. Henry, on the other hand, was continually on his guard lest by virtue of the treaty he should make himself a mere catspaw to carry out the designs of Ferdinand. At length, however, all difficulties were removed. Katharine landed at Plymouth on 2 Oct. 1501, and was married to Arthur, at St. Paul's, on 14 Nov. following. Three times had the prince gone through a form of marriage with her already before her arrival in England, the Spanish ambassador acting as her proxy?all to satisfy the doubts of Ferdinand lest there should be some evasion on the part of England. Now all was secure; and though Arthur was weak and sickly, and the English council objected to the cohabitation of the young couple on this account (Arthur having only just completed his fifteenth year), Henry wrote to Ferdinand that he had risked his son's health for the love he bore to Katharine. The prince and his bride were sent down to the borders of Wales to keep court at Ludlow, where, in less than five months, the bridegroom died on 2 April 1502. A touching account is given by a contemporary pen of the manner in which the news was received by his bereaved father and mother.

      [Gairdner's Memorials of Henry VII; Bergenroth's Spanish Calendar, vol. i. and supp. to vols. i. and ii.; Leland's Collectanea, iv. 204, 250-7, v. 373-4; Somers Tracts, i. 26-31; Letter of Henry VII to Ferdinand and Isabella in the Duke of Manchester's Court and Society, i. 59.]

      J. G.
      [9]
    Person ID I9634  Dickinson
    Last Modified 21 Jul 2015 

    Father Henry VII Tudor, King of England,   b. 28 Jan 1457, Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Apr 1509, Richmond Palace, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Elizabeth of York, Queen of England,   b. 11 Feb 1466, Westminster, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1503, Westminster, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 18 Jan 1486  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [10, 11
    Family ID F2575  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Katherine de Castilla y Aragón, Queen consort of England,   b. 16 Dec 1485, Archbishop's Palace, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jan 1536, Kimbolton Castle, Cambridgeshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Married May 1499  Thickenhill Palace (proxy) Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    Married 14 Nov 1501  St Paul's Cathedral, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Last Modified 21 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F247  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 20 Sep 1486 - St. Swithun's Priory, Winchester, Hampshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Knight of the Garter - 8 May 1491 - St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Nov 1501 - St Paul's Cathedral, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 2 Apr 1502 - Ludlow Castle, Ludlow, Shropshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 131.
      19/20 Sep 1486.

    2. [S37] Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses, Sarah Gristwood, (New York: Basic Books, 2013), 244.

    3. [S165] The Wars of the Roses: The Fall of the Plantagenets and the Rise of the Tudors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2014), 304.

    4. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 131.

    5. [S12] Foundation: The History of England from its Earliest Beginnings to the Tudors, Peter Ackroyd, (New York: St Martin's Press, 2011), 436.

    6. [S336458] Elizabeth of York: A Tudor Queen and Her World, Alison Weir, (New York: Balentine Books, 2013), 391-95.

    7. [S44] The Six Wives of Henry VIII, Alison Weir, (New York: Grove Press, 1991), 37.

    8. [S165] The Wars of the Roses: The Fall of the Plantagenets and the Rise of the Tudors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2014), 320.

    9. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 2, 131.

    10. [S37] Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses, Sarah Gristwood, (New York: Basic Books, 2013), 242.

    11. [S165] The Wars of the Roses: The Fall of the Plantagenets and the Rise of the Tudors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2014), 302.

    12. [S336458] Elizabeth of York: A Tudor Queen and Her World, Alison Weir, (New York: Balentine Books, 2013), 349.