Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Sir Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, KG

Sir Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, KG[1]

Male 1451 - 1501  (50 years)

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  • Name Thomas Grey 
    Arms of Grey
    Arms of Grey
    Title Sir 
    Suffix 1st Marquess of Dorset, KG 
    Born 1451  Groby, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Title 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby, 1st Earl of Huntingdon, and 1st Marquess of Dorset, KG  
    Died 20 Apr 1501  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried St. Mary the Virgin Church, Astley, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Notes 
    • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 23, "Grey, Thomas (1451-1501)" by Charles Lethbridge Kingsford.

      GREY, THOMAS, first Marquis of Dorset (1451-1501), born in 1451, was elder son of Sir John Grey, lord Ferrers of Groby (1432-1461) [q. v.], by Elizabeth Woodville, afterwards queen of Edward IV. He succeeded his father as ninth Lord Ferrers of Groby on 17 Feb. 1461. By his mother's marriage to Edward IV in 1464 he obtained a position of importance, and was created Earl of Huntingdon on 14 Aug. 1471. In this same year he had fought for Edward IV at Tewkesbury, and was one of those who took part in the murder of Prince Edward. He became Lord Harington and Bonville by right of his wife in 1475. On 18 April in this year he was knighted, and on Whitsunday, 14 May, was made a knight of the Bath (Book of Knights, p. 4). He was created Marquis of Dorset on 30 May, and served in Edward IV's expedition to France. Next year he was made a knight of the Garter, and was shortly afterwards appointed a privy councillor. On the accession of his half-brother as Edward V, Dorset became constable of the Tower, and prepared to support his relatives by equipping some vessels for war. When, however, Richard III obtained the throne, Dorset took refuge in sanctuary, and after a little time made his escape and took up arms in Yorkshire. In October 1483 a reward was offered for his capture (Foedera, xii. 204); next year he took up arms in Buckingham's rising, and proclaimed Henry of Richmond at Exeter. During this period he incurred many dangers (Fabyan, Chron. p. 670), but when the rising failed fled to Brittany, only to find Richmond still absent, and therefore proceeded to Vannes, but soon afterwards joined Richmond at Rennes. Dorset became one of Richmond's principal supporters, but in 1485 his mother was reconciled to Richard III, and wrote to him, urging him to return to England. Dorset was then at Paris, and despairing of Richmond's success he secretly started for Flanders, intending to proceed to England. Richmond hearing of his departure despatched Humphrey Cheney, who intercepted him at Compiègne, and prevailed on him to abandon his intention. Dorset did not take part in the expedition to England, for Richmond, who still mistrusted him, left him behind at Paris with John Bourchier as surety for a loan of money. After the victory of Bosworth Henry VII redeemed his pledge, and recalled Dorset to England, In 1485 Dorset's attainder was reversed, and in November 1486 he received confirmation of his titles. In July 1486 he was justice of oyer and terminer for London and the suburbs (Mat. Hist. of Henry VII, i. 482). Next year, on Sinnel's insurrection breaking out, he fell under suspicion, and was for a time committed to the Tower; but after the battle of Stoke on 16 June, he was released and restored to full favour (Polydore Vergil, pp. 572,578). In 1492 he took part in the expedition to assist Maximilian against the French, and in 1497 held a command in the royal forces raised to suppress the Cornish insurrection. Dorset died on 20 Sept. 1501, and was buried in the collegiate church of Astley, Warwickshire. He is described as ' vir bonus et prudens' (ib. p. 567). He was an early patron of Wolsey, under whose charge he placed three of his sons at Magdalen College School, Oxford, and whom he presented to the living of Limington, near Ilchester, in Somersetshire (Cavendish, Life of Wolsey, pp. 4, 5, ed. Holme). Dorset married (1) in 1466 Anne, daughter and heiress of Henry Holland, duke of Exeter, an alliance which excited the displeasure of the Earl of Warwick (William of Worcester, p. 786), and (2) before 23 April 1475, Cicely, daughter and heiress of William Bonville, lord Harington. By his second wife he had seven sons and eight daughters; his two eldest sons died young: of the others, Thomas (1477-1530) and Leonard (d. 1541) are noticed separately.

      [Polydore Vergils Hist. ed. 1555; Holinshed's Chron.; Materials for Hist. of Reign of Henry VII in Rolls Ser.; Dugdale's Baronage, i.719; Doyle's Official Baronage, i. 617; Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages, p. 249 ; Nichols's Leicestershire. iii, 663.]

      C. L. K.
      [4]
    Person ID I9490  Dickinson
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2015 

    Father John Grey of Groby, Lord Ferrers,   b. Abt 1432, Groby, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Feb 1461, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 29 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Elizabeth Wydeville, Queen Consort of England,   b. Abt 1437, Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1492, Bermondsey Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Abt 1452  Groby, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2574  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington,   b. 30 Jun 1460, Shute Manor, Shute, Axminster, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr 1529  (Age 68 years) 
    Married 18 Jul 1474  [5
    • Contract date.
    Children 
     1. Edward Grey  [Birth]
     2. Anthony Grey  [Birth]
    +3. Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, KB, KG, PC,   b. 22 Jun 1477, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1530, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)  [Birth]
     4. Richard Grey  [Birth]
     5. John Grey  [Birth]
     6. Leonard Grey, 1st Viscount Grane,   d. 28 Jul 1541, Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
     7. George Grey  [Birth]
     8. Mary Grey  [Birth]
    +9. Cecily Grey, Lady Dudley  [Birth]
     10. Bridget Grey  [Birth]
     11. Dorothy Grey,   b. 1480,   d. 1552  (Age 72 years)  [Birth]
     12. Elizabeth Grey, Countess Kildare,   b. ca. 1497,   d. After 1548  (Age ~ 52 years)  [Birth]
     13. Margaret Grey  [Birth]
     14. Eleanor Grey,   d. ca. 1503  [Birth]
     15. Mary Grey, Countess Hereford,   b. 1493,   d. 22 Feb 1538  (Age 45 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 25 Mar 2017 
    Family ID F2875  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1451 - Groby, Leicestershire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St. Mary the Virgin Church, Astley, Warwickshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Histories
    Order of the Garter
    Order of the Garter
    "The Order of the Garter is the most senior and the oldest British Order of Chivalry and was founded by Edward III in 1348." The official website of the British Monarchy.

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/., http://bit.ly/1f5eA50.

    2. [S336352] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, George Edward Cokayne , (London: The St. Catherine Press Ltd., 1910-1916) .

    3. [S26] British History Online, (University of London & History of Parliament Trust), "Colleges: Collegiate church of Astley", http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/warks/vol2/pp117-120.

    4. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., 23: 201-202.

    5. [S336352] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, George Edward Cokayne , (London: The St. Catherine Press Ltd., 1910-1916).