Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Richard Bailey[1]

Male 1748 - 1798  (50 years)


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  • Name Richard Bailey 
    Born 1748  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 1798  Atasi, Upper Creek Nation (Macon County, Alabama) Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Person ID I5877  Dickinson
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2014 

    Family Mary,   b. Atasi town, Upper Creek Nation Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1766  Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    • Atasi or Autossee town, Upper Creek Nation (near present day Shorter, Alabama). This was one of the larger towns in the Upper Nation and the home of the Red Stick Prophet, High Head Jim. Richard Bailey maintained a precarious relationship with the town and by 1798 the National Council voted to expel him. He was killed in a riding accident before removal. The Baileys eventually settled in the Tensaw. Atasi was destroyed by Gen. John Floyd on November 29, 1813.
    Children 
     1. Mary Bailey,   b. abt. 1770, Atasi, Upper Creek Nation (Macon County, Alabama) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jan 1862, Baldwin County, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 92 years)  [Birth]
     2. Elizabeth Bailey,   b. abt. 1776, Atasi, Upper Creek Nation (Macon County, Alabama) Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Dixon Bailey,   b. abt. 1778, Atasi, Upper Creek Nation (Macon County, Alabama) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Aug 1813, Fort Mims, Baldwin, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years)  [Birth]
     4. James Bailey,   b. 1786, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Aug 1813, Fort Mims, Baldwin, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     5. Daniel Bailey,   b. Abt 1798, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Aug 1813, Fort Mims, Baldwin, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 15 years)
    +6. Margaret Bailey  [Birth]
    Last Modified 14 Apr 2013 
    Family ID F1566  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336424] The Collected Works of Benjamin Hawkins, Benjamin Hawkins; Thomas Foster, ed., (Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press 2003), "A Sketch of Creek Country", 31S.

    2. [S336345] A Conquering Spirit: Fort Mims and the Redstick War of 1813-1814, Gregory A. Waselkov, (Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2006), 51.

    3. [S336324] Creek Country: The Creek Indians and Their World, Robbie Franklyn Ethridge, (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2003), 78.
      "Indian countrymen did not own the land on which their farms and ranches were located; rather, they were granted usufruct, or use rights, to it. A case involving the Indian countryman Richard Bailey exemplifies this land policy. In the 1798 National Council meeting at Tuckabatchee, Autossee headmen complained that Bailey treated the Indians with contempt, had 'repeatedly declared his determination to live on their lands without their consent,' and had declared that his farm was his private property. The National Council voted to have Bailey removed from Creek territory. Bailey denied the charges, and an altercation ensued. When the other white traders present entered the argument, [Benjamin] Hawkins stepped in and calmed the situation.

      Richard Bailey passed away soon after this meeting, and his Creek wife then maintained his ranch. The Bailey farmstead was just west of Autossee, on the Tallapoosa River. Her ranch consisted of their house, a stable, gardens, fenced yards for their stock, fenced fields, a small peach tree nursery, beehives and peach trees. Bailey owned 200 head of cattle, 120 horses, 150 hogs, and 7 slaves. Other than some experimental fields, Bailey's fields, and those of other mixed households, may have more resembled the multicropping of Creek fields, since the Creek wives were responsible for the agricultural duties."

    4. [S336345] A Conquering Spirit: Fort Mims and the Redstick War of 1813-1814, Gregory A. Waselkov, (Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2006), 49.

    5. [S336424] The Collected Works of Benjamin Hawkins, Benjamin Hawkins; Thomas Foster, ed., (Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press 2003), 31s (Sketch); 39-40, 316, 317 (Letters).