Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

William Marshal,  2nd Earl of Pembroke, Master Marshal

William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Master Marshal[1]

Male 1190 - 1231  (41 years)

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  • Name William Marshal 
    Arms of William Marshal, Earl Pembroke
    Arms of William Marshal, Earl Pembroke
    Suffix 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Master Marshal 
    Born 1190  Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Political 15 Jun 1215  Runnymeade, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Magna Carta 
    • Marshal was one of the twenty-five baronial sureties for John I in the Magna Carta.
    Magna Carta
    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta gives early expression to the doctrine that became the Rule of Law. It was occasioned by John's arbitrary and capricious abuse of the English nobility: predatory practices involving inheritances, military service, and hostage taking, as well as confiscatory taxation, fees and fines. With the debacle at Bouvines, England's barons were empowered to move. Broken, John sued for peace but then appealed his concessions to Rome. "As a political tool," writes historian Thomas Asbridge, "it was defunct within three months, and by the end of the year its terms were regarded null and void by all parties." The Greatest Knight, 332. The majority of the Barons declared for Prince Louis of France who, in turn, began deploying an Anglo-French military force. The Royalists, however, were able to prevail, greatly assisted by the death of John and the accession of his nine-year-old heir, Henry III.
    Died 6 Apr 1231  Fawley, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Buried 15 Apr 1231  Temple Church, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Sir William Marshal
    Sir William Marshal
    Effigy at Temple Church, London
    Temple Church
    Temple Church
    "In 1161 [the 'Old' Temple] was sold to the Bishop of London and the Templars' central convent moved half a mile or so south, where the brothers built the 'New' Temple at a fashionable riverside address on Fleet Street. Here they had access to the busy waterways of the Thames, useful when the fastest way to travel to and from the City was by boat. On the road side, the New Temple was perched directly on the main thoroughfare connecting the mercantile heart of the City with Westminster, where the palace and the towering abbey were a hub for royal and religious business." Jones, The Templars, (New York: Viking, 2017), 194.
    Person ID I566  Dickinson
    Last Modified 31 Oct 2017 

    Father William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke,   b. Abt 1147, Marlborough, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 May 1219, Caversham, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 72 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke,   b. 1172, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1220, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Jul or Aug 1189  London Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    • Wardship of Isabel was granted by Henry II to Marshal in the Spring of 1189.
    Family ID F3125  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Alix de Béthune, Dame de Choques,   d. ca. 1216 
    Married 9 Jul 1214  [6
    • Date of contract. No issue.
    Last Modified 31 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F4566  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Eleanor of Leicester,   b. 1215, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Apr 1275, Montargis Abbey, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Married 23 Apr 1224 
    • No issue. [3]
    Last Modified 31 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F155  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1190 - Normandy, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - Magna Carta - 15 Jun 1215 - Runnymeade, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Apr 1231 - Fawley, Buckinghamshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 15 Apr 1231 - Temple Church, London Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL1.htm#William5Pembrokedied1231.

    2. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 216.

    3. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 377.

    4. [S20] The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217, Richard Brooks, (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014), 36, 92-93.

    5. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 195, 207ff.

    6. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 311.