Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, KG, PC

John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, KG, PC [1]

Male 1822 - 1883  (61 years)

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  • Name John Winston Spencer-Churchill 
    John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Malborough
    John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Malborough
    National Portrait Gallery
    Suffix 7th Duke of Marlborough, KG, PC  
    Born 2 Jun 1822  Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Title 1 Jul 1857  Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Duke of Marlborough 
    Civil 1866  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Lord Steward of the Household, to 1867 
    Civil 10 Jul 1866  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Privy Council (Lord President, 1867-8) 
    Title 1868  Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Knight of the Garter 
    KG Arms of John Winston Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough
    KG Arms of John Winston Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough
    Civil Jan 1877  Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 
    Died 4 Jul 1883  Berkeley Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • CHURCHILL, JOHN WINSTON SPENCER, seventh Duke of Marlborough (1822?-883), politician, was the eldest son of George Spencer Churchill, sixth duke of Marlborough, who died in 1857, by his first wife, Lady Jane Stewart, daughter of George, eighth earl of Galloway. He was born at Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk, 2 June 1822. He was educated at Eton in 1835-8, and at Oriel College, Oxford. He commenced his public career as a lieutenant in the 1st Oxfordshire yeomanry in 1843, and took his seat in the House of Commons as conservative member for Woodstock on 22 April 1844 (being then known as Marquis of Blandford), but in consequence of having supported free trade measures without the concurrence of his father, whose influence at Woodstock was paramount, he was obliged to accept the stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds on 1 May in the following year. On the assembly of the new parliament in 1847, he was re-elected for Woodstock, and, although an unsuccessful candidate for Middlesex in 1852, kept his seat for the former place continuously until 1857 when he became Duke of Marlborough, and was in the same year gazetted lord-lieutenant of Oxfordshire. He was lord steward of the household in July 1866, a privy councillor on 10 July, and lord president of the council from 8 March 1867 to December 1868. In 1874, on the formation of Mr. Disraeli's second cabinet, he was offered, but declined, the viceroyalty of Ireland. On 28 Nov. 1876 he succeeded the Duke of Abercom as lord-lieutenant, which post he held down to the resignation of the Beaconsfield ministry in May 1880. He was president of the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Royal Benevolent Society for many years. He died suddenly of angina pectoris at 29 Berkeley Square, London, on 5 July 1883. After lying in state at Blenheim Palace, he was buried in the private chapel on 10 July. The duke was a sensible, honourable, and industrious public man. To him Lord Beaconsfield on 8 March 1880 addressed the famous letter in which he announced the dissolution of parliament, and appealed to the constituencies for a fresh lease of power. His administration of Ireland was popular, and he endeavoured to benefit the trade of the country. He is best known as author in 1856 of an act (19 and 20 Vict. cap. 104), which bears his name, for the purpose of strengthening the church of England in large towns by the subdivision of extensive parishes, and the erection of smaller vicarages or incumbencies. His last public appearance was 28 June 1883, when he made an able speech in opposition to the third reading of the Deceased Wife's Sister's Marriage Bill. He married, on 12 July 1843, the Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane Tempest, eldest daughter of Charles William Vane Tempest, third marguis of Londonderry. During her residence in Ireland she instituted a famine relief fund, by which she collected 112,484l., which was sent in seed potatoes, food, and clothing. The duke was succeeded in his title by his eldest son, George Charles. Lord Randolph Churchill is his second son.

      [Brown's Life of Lord Beaconsfield, 1882, ii. 87, 202, portrait; Times, 6, 7, 9, 11, and 13 July 1883; Morning Post, 6 July 1883; Illustrated London News, 28 Oct. 1876, p. 404, portrait; Graphic, 14 July 1883, p. 32, portrait; collected information.]

      G. C. B. [3]
    Person ID I25136  Dickinson
    Last Modified 11 Nov 2019 

    Father George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough, DCL,   b. 27 Dec 1793, Bill Hill, Wokingham, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jul 1857, Mayfair, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Jane Stewart, Dcss of Marlborough,   b. 29 Mar 1798,   d. 12 Oct 1844  (Age 46 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 13 Jan 1819 
    Family ID F7817  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Frances Anne Emily Vane, Dcss of Marlborough,   b. 15 Apr 1822, St. James's Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Apr 1899, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Married 12 Jul 1843  Mayfair, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough, DL,   b. 13 May 1844, Mayfair, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Nov 1892, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [Birth]
     2. Frederick John Winston Spencer-Churchill,   b. 2 Feb 1846,   d. 5 Aug 1850  (Age 4 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill,   b. 17 Sep 1847, Mayfair, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jan 1927, Mayfair, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)  [Birth]
    +4. Rosamund Jane Frances Spencer-Churchill,   b. 9 Nov 1851, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Dec 1920  (Age 69 years)  [Birth]
    +5. Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill,   b. 13 Feb 1849, Belgravia, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Feb 1895, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)  [Birth]
    +6. Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill, Baroness Tweedmouth,   b. 31 Jan 1853,   d. 5 Aug 1904, Guisachan, Beauly, Inverness-shire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)  [Birth]
    +7. Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill, Dcss of Roxburghe VA OBE,   b. 14 Nov 1854,   d. 20 Jun 1923, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)  [Birth]
     8. Charles Ashley Spencer-Churchill,   b. 1856,   d. 11 Mar 1858  (Age 2 years)  [Birth]
     9. Augustus Robert Spencer-Churchill,   b. 4 Jul 1858,   d. 12 May 1859  (Age 0 years)  [Birth]
    +10. Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill, Ctss Howe,   b. 14 May 1860,   d. 9 Feb 1906  (Age 45 years)  [Birth]
    +11. Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill, RRC,   b. 4 Jul 1865, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Oct 1929, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 5 Nov 2019 
    Family ID F7820  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 2 Jun 1822 - Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 Jul 1843 - Mayfair, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Duke of Marlborough - 1 Jul 1857 - Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCivil - Lord Steward of the Household, to 1867 - 1866 - London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCivil - Privy Council (Lord President, 1867-8) - 10 Jul 1866 - London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Knight of the Garter - 1868 - Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCivil - Lord Lieutenant of Ireland - Jan 1877 - Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 4 Jul 1883 - Berkeley Square, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough" at http://bit.ly/2qjGc1s.

    2. [S604] Churchill: Walking with Destiny, Andrew Roberts, (New York: Viking, 2018), 12.

    3. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., "Churchill, John Winston Spencer" by George Clement Boase, 10: 341-2 and http://bit.ly/2pxf6UJ.