Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Baldwin II de Rethel, King of Jerusalem

Baldwin II de Rethel, King of Jerusalem[1]

Male Abt 1075 - 1131  (~ 56 years)

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  • Name Baldwin II de Rethel 
    Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Suffix King of Jerusalem 
    Born Abt 1075 
    Gender Male 
    Title 1101  Sanliurfa, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Count of Edessa 
    Military 7 May 1104  Raqqa, Syria Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Battle of Hattin 
    • Fought as a running battle, the Battle of Harran was a costly defeat for the Latin states of north Syria. In demonstrating beyond the Euphrates, Bohémond and Baldwin II were attempting to secure their borders and interrupt the lines of communication between Aleppo and Baghdad. Reversals were the result: the Turks were able to recover lost territory, including the town Artah; the Armenian Christians were emboldened; and the Greeks secured Latakia and Celicia. Joscelin de Courtenay and Baldwin II were also captured and subsequently held for ransom by the Turks.
    Title 14 Apr 1118  Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    King of Jerusalem 
    Title 1119  [4
    Prince Regent of Antioch 
    Also Known As Baldwin of Bourcq or Bourg 
    Died 21 Aug 1131  Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Buried Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • BALDWIN II., count of Edessa (1100-1118), king of Jerusalem (1118-1131), originally known as Baldwin de Burg, was a son of Count Hugh of Rethel, and a nephew of Godfrey of Bouillon and Baldwin I. He appears on the first crusade at Constantinople as one of Godfrey's men; and he helped Tancred to occupy Bethlehem in June 1099. After the capture of Jerusalem he served for a time with Bohemund at Antioch; but when Baldwin of Edessa became king of Jerusalem, he summoned Baldwin de Burg, and left him as count in Edessa. From Edessa Baldwin conducted continual forays against the Mahommedan princes; and in the great foray of 1104, in which he was joined by Bohemund, he was defeated and captured at Balich. Tancred became guardian of Edessa during Baldwin's captivity, and did not trouble himself greatly to procure his release. Baldwin, however, recovered his liberty at the beginning of 1108, and at once entered upon a struggle with Tancred for the recovery of Edessa. In September 1108 he regained his principality; but the struggle with Tancred continued, until it was composed by Baldwin in 1109. For the next ten years Baldwin ruled his principality with success, if not without severity. Planted in the farthest Christian outpost in northern Syria, he had to meet many attacks, especially from Mardin and Mosul, in revenge for the provocation offered by his own forays and those of the restless Tancred. In 1110 he was besieged in Edessa, and relieved by Baldwin I.; in 1114 he repelled an attack by Aksunkur of Mosul; in 1115 he helped to defeat Aksunkur at Danith. At the same time, if Matthew of Edessa may be trusted, he also carried his arms against the Armenians, and plundered in his avarice every Armenian of wealth and position. In 1118 he was on his way to spend Easter at Jerusalem, when he received the news of the death of Baldwin I.; and when he arrived at Jerusalem, he was made king, chiefly by the influence of the patriarch Arnulf. In a reign of thirteen years, Baldwin II. extended the kingdom of Jerusalem to its widest limits. His reign is marked by almost incessant fighting in northern Syria. In 1119, after the defeat and death of Roger of Antioch, he defeated the amirs of Mardin and Damascus at Danith; in subsequent years he extended his sway to the very gates of Aleppo. In 1123 he was captured by Balak of Mardin, and confined in Kharput with Joscelin, his successor in the county of Edessa, who had been captured in the previous year. During his captivity Eustace Graverius became regent of Jerusalem, and succeeded, with the aid of the Venetians, in repelling an Egyptian attack, and even in capturing Tyre, 1124. In 1124 Baldwin II. succeeded in securing his liberty, under conditions which he instantly broke; and he at once embarked on strenuous and not unsuccessful hostilities against Aleppo and Damascus (1124-1127), exacting tribute from both. During his reign he twice acted as regent in Antioch (1119, 1130), and in 1126 he married his daughter Alice to Bohemund II. In 1128 he offered the hand of his eldest daughter, Melisinda, to Fulk of Anjou, who had been recommended to him by Honorius II. In 1129 Fulk came and married Melisinda, and in 1131, on the death of Baldwin, he succeeded to the crown.

      Baldwin II. had much of the churchmanship of Godfrey and Baldwin I.; but he appears most decidedly as an incessant warrior, under whom the Latin domination in the East stretched, as Ibn al-Athir writes, in a long line from Mardin in the North to el-Arish on the Red Sea?a line only broken by the Mahommedan powers of Aleppo, Hamah, Homs and Damascus. The Franks controlled the great routes of trade, and took tolls of the traders; and in 1130 their power may be regarded as having reached its height.

      Literature.?Fulcher of Chartres narrates the reign of Baldwin II. down to 1127; for the rest of the reign the authority is William of Tyre. R. Röhricht, Geschichte des Königreichs Jerusalem (Innsbruck, 1898), C. vii.-x., is the chief modern authority. (E. Br.) [6]
    Person ID I1997  Dickinson
    Last Modified 2 Nov 2017 

    Father Huges I de Rethel, Comte de Rethel,   b. ca. 1045,   d. ca. 1118  (Age ~ 73 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Melisende de Montlhéry, Ctss de Rethel,   d. aft. ca. 1097 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Before 1075 
    Family ID F6256  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Morphia of Melitene,   bur. Abbey of Saint Mary of the Valley of Jehosaphat, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1101 
    Children 
    +1. Melisende of Jerusalem, Queen of Jerusalem,   b. 1105, Sanlıurfa, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Sep 1161, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Alix of Jerusalem, Princess of Antioch,   b. ca. 1110,   d. aft. 1136  (Age ~ 27 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Hodierne of Jerusalem, Ctss of Tripoli,   b. ca. 1118,   d. aft. 1152  (Age ~ 35 years)  [Birth]
     4. Judith of Jerusalem, Abbess of the convent of St Lazarus,   b. 1119,   d. aft. 31 Dec 1178  (Age 60 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 22 Sep 2017 
    Family ID F482  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Count of Edessa - 1101 - Sanliurfa, Turkey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Battle of Hattin - 7 May 1104 - Raqqa, Syria Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - King of Jerusalem - 14 Apr 1118 - Jerusalem Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Aug 1131 - Jerusalem Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/JERUSALEM.htm#BaudouinIIB.

    2. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 138-40.

    3. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 25.

    4. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 166.

    5. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 168.

    6. [S398] Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Ed., (Cambridge: University of Cambridge, 1911), "Baldwin II. (king of Jerusalem)", 3:246.