Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Grand Master Robert IV de  Sablé, Lord of Cyprus

Grand Master Robert IV de Sablé, Lord of Cyprus[1, 2]

Male - 1193

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  • Name Robert IV de Sablé 
    Arms of Grand Master Robert de Sablé
    Arms of Grand Master Robert de Sablé
    Title Grand Master 
    Suffix Lord of Cyprus 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1189 
    Third Crusader (Ricardian Expedition) 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Military 1191  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siege of Acre
    Siege of Acre
    The seige of Acre (August 28, 1189 to July 12, 1191) was the focal point of the Third Crusade. After his release by Saladin, King Guy of Jerusalem led an expedition from Tyre, stationing his meager force on the high ground of Mount Torn just outside the port city of Acre. From this small beginning Guy's numbers began to swell as the western contingents sailed in. Saladin squandered an opportunity to break the cordon on 4 Oct 1189 after a Latin advance lost formation to loot the Abuyyid camp. News of Barbarossa imminent approach then resulted in a cautious division of Abuyyid forces to meet the northern threat. With the arrival of Richard and Philip Augustus in the summer of 1191, the balance swung decisively in the favor the Latins. The city was surrendered, 12 Jul 1191. It would remain in Christian hands until overrun by the Mamluks, 18 May 1291.
    Title 1191 
    Elected Grand Master of the Templar Order. 
    • The defeat at the Horns of Hattin decimated the ranks of the Templars. Aside from battlefield losses, Saladin took the expedient measure of having his Templar prisoners murdered. Grand Master Gerard de Rideford, however, was spared and ransomed. But Rideford, true to his impulsive nature and lack of tactical acumen, led his cohort beyond the support of the Latin army during Guy's ill-fated assault at Acre on 4 Oct 1189. Captured yet again, he was summarily executed. The post remained open until the elevation of Sablé.
    • "Robert of Sablé, numbered among Richard's most important feudal vassals and allies. Robert held a large swath of land around Le Mans, the Plantagenet family heartlands, and had been deeply involved in Richard's preparations for crusade in Anjou and Normandy over the spring and summer of 1190. He was one of the king's three admirals, and as well as commanding a large division of the royal fleet he had served as an ambassador when the army had overwintered in Sicily. He also sat on the official committee responsible for dividing up the possessions of crusaders who died on the journey. Richard trusted him deeply. Not long after his arrival at Acre Richard ordered Robert to take his vows as a Templar knight, whereupon the order promptly elected Robert of Sablé as their new master." [3]
    Templars
    Templars
    "The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers), the Knights Templar or simply as Templars, was a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See. The order was founded in 1119 and active from about 1129 to 1312. "Knights Templar" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knights_Templar.
    Military 7 Sep 1191  Arsuf, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
    Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
    On 22 Aug 1191, Richard marched his army out of Acre, bound for Jaffa. Saladin shadowed Richard to the Rochetaille River and then moved his army into position to block Richard's advance. Richard managed to maintain formation nearly to Arsulf as he moved through the attacking Ayyubids; however, the rearguard of Hospitallers finally lost patience and wheeled about, breaking ranks. This was not the charge that was planned but Richard was now committed. Saladin was defeated in a rout. Jaffa was occupied on 10 Sep 1191. In anticipation of Richard's next move, Saladin razed Ascalon. But Richard also found his strategic plans to cut Saladin's lines of communication with Egypt trumped by the expectations of his army: they wanted to be in the Holy City by Christmas. Unable to keep his army in winter quarters just outside of Jerusalem, Richard retired with a much reduced force to Ascalon.
    Died 1193  [4
    Person ID I19624  Dickinson
    Last Modified 8 Nov 2017 

    Father Robert III de Sablé,   d. 1152 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Hersende, épouse de Sablé,   d. After 1189 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F6130  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Clémence de Mayenne, Dame d'Angon,   d. Before 1209 
    Children 
     1. Geoffroy de Sablé,   d. After 1200  [Birth]
    +2. Marguerite de Sablé,   d. Before 1 Dec 1246  [Birth]
     3. Philippa de Sablé, Dame de Matha,   d. After 1227  [Birth]
    Last Modified 8 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F6129  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/anjounob.htm#RobertIVSabledied1195.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Robert IV of Sablé" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_IV_of_Sablé.
      Robert IV de Sablé (died 23 September 1193) was the eleventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1191 to 1192 and Lord of Cyprus from 1191 to 1192.

    3. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 181.

    4. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 190.
      Cf., Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families. Crawley dates his death as 1195.