Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Guillaume des Roches, Seneschal of Anjou[1, 2]

Male 1155 - 1222  (~ 67 years)


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  • Name Guillaume des Roches 
    Suffix Seneschal of Anjou 
    Born ca. 1155 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1189 
    Third Crusade 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Military 1191  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siege of Acre
    Siege of Acre
    The seige of Acre (August 28, 1189 to July 12, 1191) was the focal point of the Third Crusade. After his release by Saladin, King Guy of Jerusalem led an expedition from Tyre, stationing his meager force on the high ground of Mount Torn just outside the port city of Acre. From this small beginning Guy's numbers began to swell as the western contingents sailed in. Saladin squandered an opportunity to break the cordon on 4 Oct 1189 after a Latin advance lost formation to loot the Abuyyid camp. News of Barbarossa imminent approach then resulted in a cautious division of Abuyyid forces to meet the northern threat. With the arrival of Richard and Philip Augustus in the summer of 1191, the balance swung decisively in the favor the Latins. The city was surrendered, 12 Jul 1191. It would remain in Christian hands until overrun by the Mamluks, 18 May 1291.
    Military 7 Sep 1191  Arsuf, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
    Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
    On 22 Aug 1191, Richard marched his army out of Acre, bound for Jaffa. Saladin shadowed Richard to the Rochetaille River and then moved his army into position to block Richard's advance. Richard managed to maintain formation nearly to Arsulf as he moved through the attacking Ayyubids; however, the rearguard of Hospitallers finally lost patience and wheeled about, breaking ranks. This was not the charge that was planned but Richard was now committed. Saladin was defeated in a rout. Jaffa was occupied on 10 Sep 1191. In anticipation of Richard's next move, Saladin razed Ascalon. But Richard also found his strategic plans to cut Saladin's lines of communication with Egypt trumped by the expectations of his army: they wanted to be in the Holy City by Christmas. Unable to keep his army in winter quarters just outside of Jerusalem, Richard retired with a much reduced force to Ascalon.
    Military 1 Aug 1202  Mirebeau, Vienne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    French Campaign of 1202 and the Battle of Mirebeau
    French Campaign of 1202 and the Battle of Mirebeau
    At the Battle of Mirebeau, John dealt a decisive defeat to Arthur, bagging the young duke and his Poitevin allies as they were attempting to bag Arthur's grandmother, Eleanor. (This was the southern strategy of Philip Augustus' campaign to wrest Normandy from John and it derailed his northern push against Arques.) John then took the occasion of the victory to offend his own allies, particularly the seneschal of Anjou, William de Roches, who went over to the French king. "In his moment of triumph, John forgot to be magnanimous to exactly the men on whom his control of Anjou and Poitou rested." Church, p. 108. "[T]he king [John] squandered this crucial opportunity, and a dreadful corner was turned in his career, from which there would be no return. * * * The king's merciless behavior caused serious scandal. * * * William des Roches was so disgusted by John's behavior that he abandoned him - transferring is allegiance to Philip of France- and the leading nobles in the Angevin heartlands soon followed suit." Asbridge, p. 275
    Military 27 Jul 1214  Bouvines, Nord, Hauts-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    <i>Philippe II's victory at Bouvines</i>
    Philippe II's victory at Bouvines
    At Bouvines, Philip defeated John I's allied force of German, Flemish and English armies under the command of his nephew, Otto IV. (This was to be coordinated with the opening of a second front in Aquitaine by John.) This ended the king's efforts to recover his Angevin lands. As a military failure it cost John his remaining political capital at home.
    Died 15 Jul 1222 
    Buried Bonlieu, Jura, Franche-Comté, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I19590  Dickinson
    Last Modified 31 Oct 2017 

    Father Baldwin des Roches 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married
    • Baudouin's wife has not been identified.
    Family ID F6127  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Philippa, épouse des Roches ,   d. Before 1190 
    Children 
     1. Baldwin des Roches,   b. ca. 1208  [Birth]
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F6128  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Marguerite de Sablé,   d. Before 1 Dec 1246 
    Married ca. 1190 
    Children 
     1. Robert des Roches,   d. 1204  [Birth]
     2. Jeanne des Roches,   d. 28 Sep 1238  [Birth]
    +3. Clemence de Roches,   d. After Sep 1259
    Last Modified 27 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F6113  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 1191 - Acre, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 7 Sep 1191 - Arsuf, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 1 Aug 1202 - Mirebeau, Vienne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 27 Jul 1214 - Bouvines, Nord, Hauts-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Bonlieu, Jura, Franche-Comté, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://bit.ly/2gN2ws9.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "William des Roches" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_des_Roches.

    3. [S20] The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217, Richard Brooks, (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014), 108.

    4. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 275.

    5. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 202-205, 235.

    6. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 325.