Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Charles I de France, Comte d'Anjou, King of Sicily

Charles I de France, Comte d'Anjou, King of Sicily[1]

Male 1227 - 1285  (~ 57 years)

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  • Name Charles I de France 
    Arms of Charles I, Count of Anjou
    Arms of Charles I, Count of Anjou
    Suffix Comte d'Anjou, King of Sicily 
    Born Mar 1227 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1248 
    Seventh Crusade 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Title 1246 - 1248  Forcalquier, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Count of Forcalquier 
    Military 8 Feb 1250  Mansoura, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    The Seventh Crusade was prosecuted by King Louis IX in response to yet another loss of Jerusalem. His goal was similar to that endorsed by Richard I during the waning of the Third Crusade and attempted during the Fifth: win Jerusalem by first occupying Ayyubid Egypt. To that end, Louis won a contested amphibious landing in Egypt on 5 Jun 1249 and occupied Damietta while his opponent, Fakhr al-Din, fell back on Mansoura. To avoid the Nile flood season Louis did not move to al-Din until November and then puzzled over crossing the Tanis, all the while suffering harassment from the Egyptianson the opposite bank. With the discovery of a ford, a mounted contingent finally crossed at dawn on 8 Feb 1250. It was an undisciplined charge, led by the king's brother Robert, that was Louis’ undoing: it continued into the narrow confines of Mansoura where it was cut apart by a garrison of Mamluks. Having beaten back the ensuing counterattack, Louis clung stubbornly to his position until disease and starvation forced his retreat in April. That turned into a bloody rout and Louis, himself suffering from dysentery, was captured and subsequently ransomed. The tactical failures of the crusade fatally shifted the balance of power away from Christian and Ayyubid alike: Mamluk hegemony in the Levant was on the ascent.
    Military Mar 1270  [2
    Eighth Crusade 
    Title 1246 - 1285  Angers, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Count of Anjou 
    Title 1246 - 1285  Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Count of Maine 
    Title 1246 - 1285  Marseilles, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Count of Provence 
    Title 1266 - 1285  Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location 
    King of Sicily 
    Died 7 Jan 1285  Foggia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I19461  Dickinson
    Last Modified 17 Oct 2017 

    Father Louis VIII de France, King of France,   b. 3 Sep 1187, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Montpensier-en-Auvergne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Blanca de Castilla, Queen consort of France,   b. 4 Mar 1188, Palencia, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1252, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 23 May 1200  Pont-Audemer, Normandy Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F3488  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 8 Feb 1250 - Mansoura, Egypt Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Count of Anjou - 1246 - 1285 - Angers, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Count of Maine - 1246 - 1285 - Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Count of Provence - 1246 - 1285 - Marseilles, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - King of Sicily - 1266 - 1285 - Sicily Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Jan 1285 - Foggia, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples, Italy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), "Charles I of Anjou" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_Anjou.
      "Charles I (early 1227 - 7 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou. He was Count of Provence (1246?85) and Forcalquier (1246-48, 1256-85) in the Holy Roman Empire, Count of Anjou and Maine (1246-85) in France; he was also King of Sicily (1266-85) and Prince of Achaea (1278?85). In 1272, he was proclaimed King of Albania; and in 1277 he purchased a claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem."

    2. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 640.

    3. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 91-92.
      This marriage was arranged as part of the Treaty of Le Goulet which secured John I's Angevin claims. John's nephew, Arthur, was also acknowledged to be John's man, a move that separated him from Philip Augustus. "For John, Le Goultet must have been a triumph: a year and a month after Richard had died, he had finally and irrevocably secured the recognition of his overlord, the king of France, for his succession to Richard's continental lands. The treaty was concluded on May 22, 1200, with the nuptials of the twelve-year-old Louis and the eleven-year-old Blanche celebrated by the archbishop of Bordeaux at Ponte Audemar the following day, the same day that John received Arthur's homage for Brittany, no doubt sulkily given, but given nonetheless." Church, p. 92.