Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Jacques d'Avesnes, Seigneur d'Avesnes[1, 2]

Male 1150 - 1191  (~ 41 years)


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  • Name Jacques d'Avesnes 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (10951099); Second (11471149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (11891192); Forth (12021204); Fifth (12131221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Suffix Seigneur d'Avesnes 
    Born ca. 1150 
    Gender Male 
    Arrival ca. 10 Sep 1189  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • "Likened by one contemporary to 'Alexander, Hector and Achilles', a skilled veteran in the art of war and politics of power, James had been one of the first western knights to take the cross in November 1187." [3]
    Siege of Acre
    Siege of Acre
    The seige of Acre (August 28, 1189 to July 12, 1191) was the focal point of the Third Crusade. After his release by Saladin, King Guy of Jerusalem led an expedition from Tyre, stationing his meager force on the high ground of Mount Torn just outside the port city of Acre. From this small beginning Guy's numbers began to swell as the western contingents sailed in. Saladin squandered an opportunity to break the cordon on 4 Oct 1189 after a Latin advance lost formation to loot the Abuyyid camp. News of Barbarossa imminent approach then resulted in a cautious division of Abuyyid forces to meet the northern threat. With the arrival of Richard and Philip Augustus in the summer of 1191, the balance swung decisively in the favor the Latins. The city was surrendered, 12 Jul 1191. It would remain in Christian hands until overrun by the Mamluks, 18 May 1291.
    Died 7 Sep 1191  Arsuf, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
    Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
    On 22 Aug 1191, Richard marched his army out of Acre, bound for Jaffa. Saladin shadowed Richard to the Rochetaille River and then moved his army into position to block Richard's advance. Richard managed to maintain formation nearly to Arsulf as he moved through the attacking Ayyubids; however, the rearguard of Hospitallers finally lost patience and wheeled about, breaking ranks. This was not the charge that was planned but Richard was now committed. Saladin was defeated in a rout. Jaffa was occupied on 10 Sep 1191. In anticipation of Richard's next move, Saladin razed Ascalon. But Richard also found his strategic plans to cut Saladin's lines of communication with Egypt trumped by the expectations of his army: they wanted to be in the Holy City by Christmas. Unable to keep his army in winter quarters just outside of Jerusalem, Richard retired with a much reduced force to Ascalon.
    Person ID I19419  Dickinson
    Last Modified 8 Nov 2017 

    Family Adeline de Guise,   d. After 1200 
    Married ca. 1163 
    Children 
    +1. Gauthier II d'Avesnes, Seigneur d'Avesnes,   d. ca. 1146
    Last Modified 13 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F6066  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsArrival - ca. 10 Sep 1189 - Acre, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Sep 1191 - Arsuf, Israel Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), "JACQUES d'Avesnes ([1150]-killed in battle Arsuf, Palestine 7 Sep 1191)" at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/HAINAUT.htm#WautierIIAvesnesdied12431246.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "James of Avesnes" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_of_Avesnes.

    3. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 401.

    4. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 474.

    5. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 186.