Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Corrado di Monferrato, Marchese di Monferrato[1, 2, 3]

Male 1145 - 1192  (~ 47 years)


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  • Name Corrado di Monferrato 
    Suffix Marchese di Monferrato 
    Born ca. 1145 
    Gender Male 
    Arrival Jul 1187  Tyre, Lebanon Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Military Nov 1187 - Jan 1188  Tyre, Lebanon Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Saladin's failed siege of Tyre 
    • Saladin's decision to take Jerusalem in October, rather than Tyre, gave Montferrat the respite he need to prepare to outlast the Muslims when they arrived in November. Thusm "while [Guy de Lusignan] was in prison, Conrad of Montferrat's defense of Tyre made him the hero of the hour and Conrad had no doubt that he would make a much better king than Guy." [4]
    Title 1191  March of Monferrat, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Marchese di Monferrato 
    Also Known As Conrad of Monferrat 
    Died 28 Apr 1192  Tyre, Lebanon Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8
    • An agreement had been reached in April to elevate Conrad to king of Jerusalem. "The kingdom desperately needed a king whose authority was undisputed and who as a politician and soldier was a match for Saladin. It had to be Conrad, recognized by Baha al-Din as 'the most energetic leader, most experienced warrior and cleverest counselor of the Frank.'" Within days, however, Conrad was murdered by the Assassin cult of Rashid al-Din Sinan. The long-term winners in the political shuffle were the Lusignans: Guy gained Cyprus, which was held by the family until 1489. [6]
    Person ID I19327  Dickinson
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 

    Father Guglielmo V di Monferrato, Marchese di Monferrato,   b. 1110,   d. 1191  (Age 81 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Judith of Austria, Marquess di Monferrato,   d. After 1178 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Before 28 Mar 1133 
    Family ID F6063  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabelle I of Jerusalem, Queen of Jerusalem,   b. 1172, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Before May 1206  (Age 34 years) 
    Married 24 Nov 1190  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  [10, 11
    • "Abducted from her tent, browbeaten by her mother Maria Comnena into accepting a dubious annulment, Isabella finally acquiesced and was wed to Conrad. Decades later a papal commission would condemn their marriage as both bigamous and incestuous (because Isabella's sister had once been married to Conrad's brother) but for now the need for strong military leadership overruled the niceties of law." [9]
    • "True, it was rumored that at least one of Conrad's two previous wives - one Italian, one Greek - was still alvie, but then army gossip was notoriously unreliable. It was true also that Isabella had a husband already, Humphrey of Toron; he was unquestionable alive, indeed he was there in the camp outside Acre. But then there were churchmen in the camp too and wherever there were churchmen, marriages could be broken." [10]
    • The marriage provided fuel for the smoldering feud between the kings of England and France. Philip declared for his cousin, Montferrat; Richard for the Lusignans, who, after all, were his vassals in Aquitaine. In a slight that could not be missed, King Guy and the jilted Humphrey, offered homage to Richard on the day of his marriage to Berengaria, the woman who took the veil from the French king's sister. That betrothal had been finally broken in Sicily after being held in suspense for years, a great embarrassment for Philip.
    Children 
    +1. Maria di Monferrato, Queen of Jerusalem,   b. 1192, Tyre, Lebanon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1212  (Age 20 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 3 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F6024  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsArrival - Jul 1187 - Tyre, Lebanon Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Saladin's failed siege of Tyre - Nov 1187 - Jan 1188 - Tyre, Lebanon Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 24 Nov 1190 - Acre, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Marchese di Monferrato - 1191 - March of Monferrat, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 28 Apr 1192 - Tyre, Lebanon Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), "CORRADO di Monferrato ([1145/47]-murdered Tyre 28 Apr 1192)" at http://bit.ly/2wUo4ZP.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Conrad of Montferrat" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_of_Montferrat.
      "Conrad of Montferrat (Italian: Corrado del Monferrato; Piedmontese: Conrą ėd Monfrą) (died 28 April 1192) was a north Italian nobleman, one of the major participants in the Third Crusade. He was the de facto King of Jerusalem (as Conrad I) by marriage from 24 November 1190, but officially elected only in 1192, days before his death. He was also marquis of Montferrat from 1191."

    3. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 393ff.

    4. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 147.

    5. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 394-95.

    6. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 195, 197.

    7. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 495.

    8. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 188.

    9. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 436.

    10. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 149.

    11. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 435-6.