Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Gen. Andrew Pickens[1]

Male 1739 - 1817  (77 years)


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  • Name Andrew Pickens 
    Title Gen. 
    Nickname "The Wizard Owl" 
    Born 13 Sep 1739  Paxton Township, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1763  Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    The Pickens families removed from the Waxhaws to Long Cane Creek in the Ninety Six District. 
    Civil 1769  [4
    Appointed Justice of the Peace after the passage of the Circuit Court Act of 1769. 
    Military 14 Feb 1779  Kettle Creek, Wilkes, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Kettle Creek (Patriot victory) 
    Veterans: War for Independence
    Veterans: War for Independence
    Military 17 Jan 1781  Cowpens National Battlefield, Chesnee, Cherokee, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Cowpens (Patriot victory) 
    Military 22 May 1781  Augusta, Richmond, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Siege of Augusta (to 6 Jun)(Patriot victory) 
    Military 22 May 1781  Ninety Six, Greenwood, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Siege of Ninety Six (to 18 Jun)(British victory) 
    Residence 8 Sep 1781  Eutaw Springs, Orangeburg, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Eutaw Springs (British tactical victory) 
    • The British force, numbering approximately 2,000 men, were commanded by Lt. Col. Alexander Stewart and encamped at Eutaw Springs when attacked by Gen. Nathaniel Greene.
    Possessions 16 Jul 1784  Hopewell Plantation, Clemson, Pickens, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Pickens granted 573 acres on the east bank of the Keowee River. 
    Arrival 1805  Tamassee, Oconee, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Died 11 Aug 1817  Tamassee, Oconee, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Buried Old Stone Church Cemetery, Clemson, Pickens, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Findagrave memorial for Gen. Andrew Pickens
    Findagrave memorial for Gen. Andrew Pickens
    Maintained by: Find A Grave
    Originally Created by: Scott F. Lewis
    Record added: Jun 05, 2006
    Photographed
    Find A Grave Memorial# 14519972
    Notes 
    • "PICKENS, Andrew, (grandfather of Francis Wilkinson Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Paxton, Bucks County, Pa., September 13, 1739; attended the common schools; moved with his parents to the Waxhaw settlement in South Carolina in 1752; served in the provincial militia in the campaign against the Cherokee Indians in 1760; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of militia and attained the rank of brigadier general; commanded an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in 1782; member of the state house of representatives 1781-1794; one of the commissioners named to settle the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia in 1787; member of the state constitutional convention in 1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); appointed major general of militia in 1795; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1797; member of the state house of representatives 1800-1812; declined the nomination for governor in 1812; died in Tomassee, Pendleton District, S.C., August 11, 1817; interment in Old Stone Churchyard, near Pendleton, S.C." [9]
    • PICKENS, ANDREW (1739 1817), American soldier in the War of Independence, was born in Paxton, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, on the 19111 of September 1739. His family settled at the Waxhaws (in what is now Lancaster county), South Carol1na, in 1752. He fought against the Cherokees in 1761 as a lieutenant. In the War of Independence he rose to brigadier-general (after Cowpens) in the South Carolina militia. He was a captain among the American troops which surrendered at Ninety Six in November 1775. On the 14th of February 1779, with 300-400 men, he surprised and defeated about 700 Loyalists under Colonel Boyd on Kettle Creek, Wilkes county, Georgia; on the 20th of June he fought at Stono Ferry, and later in the same year at Tomassee defeated the Cherokees, who were all1ed with the British. Upon the surrender of Charleston (May 1780) he became a prisoner on parole, which he observed rigidly until, contrary to the promises made to him, Major James Dunlap plundered his plantation; he then returned to active service. His command (about 150 men) joined General Daniel Morgan immediately before the battle of Cowpens, in which Pickens commanded an advance guard (270-3 50 men from Georgia and North Carolina) and twice rallied the broken American militia; for his services Congress gave him a sword. With Colonel Henry Lee he harassed Lieut.-Colonel Banastre Tarleton, who was attempting to gather a Loyalist force just before the battle of Guilford Court House; and with Lee and others, he captured Augusta (June 5, 1781) after a siege. At Eutaw Springs (Sept. 8, 1781) he commanded the left wing and was wounded. In 1782 he defeated the Cherokees again and forced them to surrender all lands south of the Savannah and east of the Chattahoochee. After the war he was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives for a number of years, of the state Constitutional Convention in 1790, and of the National House of Representatives in 1793-1 79 5. He died in Pendleton district, South Carolina, on the 17th of August 1817. He had married in 1765 Rebecca Calhoun, an aunt of John C. Calhoun. Their son, Andrew Pickens (1779-1838), served as a lieutenant-colonel in the War of 1812, and was governor of South Carolina in 1816-1818. [10]
    Person ID I15243  Dickinson
    Last Modified 24 Jun 2017 

    Father Andrew Pickens,   b. ca. 1690, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ca. 5 Nov 1756, Lancaster County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Nancy Ann Davis,   d. 1 Feb 1760, Long Cane Creek, McCormick, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F4921  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rebecca Floride Calhoun,   b. 18 Oct 1745, Augusta County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Dec 1814, Tamassee, Oconee, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Married 19 Mar 1765  Long Cane, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [11, 12
    Children 
     1. Mary Pickens,   b. 19 Feb 1766, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 May 1836, Pendleton, Anderson, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Ezekiel Pickens,   b. 30 Mar 1768, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 May 1813, Abbeville, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Ann Pickens,   b. 12 Apr 1770, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1846, Pensacola, Escambia, Florida Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)  [Birth]
     4. Jane Bonneau Pickens,   b. 6 Mar 1773, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Mar 1816  (Age 43 years)  [Birth]
    +5. Margaret Pickens,   b. 13 Jul 1777, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Dec 1830, Dallas County, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)  [Birth]
     6. Andrew Pickens,   b. 13 Dec 1779, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jul 1838, Pontotoc, Pontotoc, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)  [Birth]
     7. Rebecca Pickens,   b. 3 Jan 1784, Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Feb 1831, McCormick County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)  [Birth]
    +8. Catherine Pickens,   b. 9 Jun 1786, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1871, Selma, Dallas, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)  [Birth]
    +9. Joseph Pickens,   b. 30 Mar 1791, Hopewell Plantation, Clemson, Pickens, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1853, Eutaw, Greene, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 21 Apr 2017 
    Family ID F4726  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 13 Sep 1739 - Paxton Township, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - The Pickens families removed from the Waxhaws to Long Cane Creek in the Ninety Six District. - 1763 - Long Cane, Abbeville, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Battle of Kettle Creek (Patriot victory) - 14 Feb 1779 - Kettle Creek, Wilkes, Georgia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Battle of Cowpens (Patriot victory) - 17 Jan 1781 - Cowpens National Battlefield, Chesnee, Cherokee, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Siege of Augusta (to 6 Jun)(Patriot victory) - 22 May 1781 - Augusta, Richmond, Georgia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Siege of Ninety Six (to 18 Jun)(British victory) - 22 May 1781 - Ninety Six, Greenwood, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Battle of Eutaw Springs (British tactical victory) - 8 Sep 1781 - Eutaw Springs, Orangeburg, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - Pickens granted 573 acres on the east bank of the Keowee River. - 16 Jul 1784 - Hopewell Plantation, Clemson, Pickens, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrival - 1805 - Tamassee, Oconee, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 11 Aug 1817 - Tamassee, Oconee, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Old Stone Church Cemetery, Clemson, Pickens, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), Andrew Pickens (congressman), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Pickens_%28congressman%29.

    2. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 3.

    3. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 18.

    4. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 26.

    5. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 132-35.

    6. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 137-40.

    7. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 282.

    8. [S380] The Life and Times of General Andrew Pickens: Revolutionary War Hero, American Founder, Roy Andrew, Jr., (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), 309.

    9. [S207263] Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005, (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office 20xx), online., PICKENS, Andrew, (1739 - 1817), http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=P000320.

    10. [S398] Encyclopędia Britannica, 11th Ed., (Cambridge: University of Cambridge, 1911), "Pickens, Andrew," 21: 582.

    11. [S172] History of South Carolina (5 volumes), Yates Snowden, ed., (Chicago and New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1920), 1: 270.
      "In that community, which had been formed a number of years previously, were the Jacksons (Andrew had been born there), the Calhouns, the Pickens and the Crawfords. From the last named sprung Calhoun's great political rival, William H. Crawford of Georgia. At the Waxhaws, Andrew Pickens met Rebecca Calhoun whom he married."

    12. [S175] Andrew Pickens: South Carolina Patriot in the Revolutionary War, William R. Reynolds, Jr., (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2012), 26.