Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester

Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester[1, 2, 3]

Male 1289 - 1347  (~ 58 years)

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  • Name Hugh de Audley 
    Arms of Audley
    Arms of Audley
    Arms of Audley: Gules, fretty or. As given for Nicholas de Audley on the following Rolls of arms: Collins Roll (1304), Falkirk Roll (1298) and for his ancestor on the Glover's Roll (c. 1240-45).
    Suffix 1st Earl of Gloucester 
    Born ca. 1289 
    Gender Male 
    Possessions 1319  Gwynllwg, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Loss of Gloucester Settlement 
    • Audley was one of Edward II's later favorites and thus a target of the Lancaster faction who wanted him banished from court. But when Edward's affections settled on Hugh Despenser, Audley found himself in the circle of the disaffected. Brother-in-law or not, Despenser's sharp dealing cost Audley his share of the Gloucester estate and earned Despenser another in a growing list of enemies. As Dispenser depredations mounted in the March, the path was cleared for civil war. [4]
    Possessions 8 Apr 1321  [5
    Royal Confiscation of Lands and Tenements 
    Died 10 Nov 1347 
    Buried Tonbridge Priory, Tonbridge, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I14374  Dickinson
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2018 

    Father Hugh de Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Stratton Audley,   b. ca. 1267,   d. ca. 1326, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Isolda de Mortimer,   b. Bef 1273,   d. Aft 1336  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married ca. 1288 
    Family ID F4200  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret de Clare, Countess of Cornwall and Gloucester ,   b. Abt 1293,   d. 9 Apr 1342  (Age ~ 49 years) 
    Married 28 Apr 1317 
    • "Relations between the king [Edward II] and the Earl of Lancaster [Thomas of Lancaster] were at a particularly low point. The rise of Hugh Despenser and three new favorites, namely Walter de Montagu, Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, had created a great antagonism between the king and Lancaster. Damory was the king's latest infatuation, and had received the hand in marriage of one of the three heiresses of the earldom of Gloucester. Audley, a second favorite, had received the hand in marriage of the last unmarried Gloucester heiress, the third heiress being married already to Hugh Despenser. These men were described by some chroniclers as being 'worse than Galveston' in their effect on the king. But they were given the largest portion of the Gloucester inheritance, and constituted a real threat to Lancaster's influence and power." [6]
    Children 
    +1. Margaret Audley, Countess of Stafford,   d. aft. 28 Jan 1348
    Last Modified 31 May 2015 
    Family ID F4368  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - Loss of Gloucester Settlement - 1319 - Gwynllwg, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Tonbridge Priory, Tonbridge, Kent Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#HughAudleyGloucesterdied1347.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_de_Audley,_1st_Earl_of_Gloucester.
      "Hugh de Audley, 1st Baron Audley and 1st Earl of Gloucester (3rd Creation) (c. 1291 - 10 November 1347) was the second son of Sir Hugh de Audley, Lord Audley by Iseult de Mortimer and Great great grandson of King Henry II. He held many offices including Knight of Stratton in Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, of Gratton, Staffordshire, the King's bachelor, Sheriff of Rutland, and was the English Ambassador to France in 1341."

    3. [S39] The Peerage, Darryl Lundy, (Online: http://www.thepeerage.com, 20xx), http://www.thepeerage.com/p2753.htm#i27521.

    4. [S163] The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, Ruler of England 1327-1330, Ian Mortimer, (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press, 2003), 99-100.

    5. [S163] The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, Ruler of England 1327-1330, Ian Mortimer, (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press, 2003), 104.

    6. [S163] The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, Ruler of England 1327-1330, Ian Mortimer, (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press, 2003), 90.