Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Pedro I de Castilla y León, King of Castile and León[1, 2]

Male 1333 - 1369  (~ 36 years)


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  • Name Pedro I de Castilla y León 
    Suffix King of Castile and León 
    Nickname The Cruel 
    Born ca. 1333  Burgos, Burgos, Castilla-Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Church Affiliation 1357  [3
    Pedro was excommunicated by Pope Innocent VI for continuing hostilities with Aragón. 
    Military 3 Apr 1367  Nájera, La Rioja, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Battle of Nájera
    Battle of Nájera
    Castilian king Pedro I was deposed in 1366 by his bastard half-brother, Enrique of Trastamara, a feat that was accomplished with the backing of the French. Pedro turned to the Prince of Wales, now installed in Aquitaine, but found him cool to the idea of assisting an excommuniced ally of Muslim Grenada and known tyrant. Realpolitik intervened. The contest for throne of Castile provided yet another venue for Edward III to prosecute his ongoing conflict-by-proxy with the French; thus the king eventually rallied the English to Pedro's cause. The fighting (and the bill) fell to Wales. After an inauspicious start in February, Wales thrashed the Spanish at Nájera. The Castilians, advantaged with with superior numbers, were spread on the plain before the town but Wales hit their flank and, once again, the longbow was the difference. Victory was not complete, however. Trastamara made good an escape to France. For the English, the campaign was a tactical success but a strategic failure: Enrique returned after a short respite to topple Pedro and Wales was saddled with the debt of an inconclusive campaign and a fractious nobility that was receptive to the lure of Charles V.
    House Ivrea 
    Died 22 Mar 1369  Montiel, Ciudad Real, Castile-La Mancha, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    • Murdered by Enrique Trastamara. [6]
    Buried Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See, Seville, Andalusia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I14269  Dickinson
    Last Modified 27 May 2018 

    Father Alfonso XI de Castilla y León, King of Castile and León,   b. 13 Aug 1311, Salamanca, Castile and Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Mar 1350, Gibraltar Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Maria de Portugal, Queen consort of Castile and León,   b. 1313,   d. 18 Jan 1357, Évora, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1328 
    Family ID F4324  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Joan of England,   b. Feb 1335, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1348, Loremo, Bordeaux, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 13 years) 
    Betrothal 2 Jan 1345 
    Last Modified 11 May 2018 
    Family ID F6836  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Blanche de Bourbon,   b. 1339,   d. 1361, Medina-Sidonia, Cádiz, Andalusia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 22 years) 
    Married 3 Jun 1353  Valladolid, Valladolid, Castilla-Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • "Pedro Castile's treatment of his wife, Blache of Bourbon, was atrocious. When she travelled to Valladolid for their marriage, Pedro first kept her waiting there for several months before joining her for a hurried ceremony, and then immediately abandoned her for his mistress, Maria de Padilla. The unfortunate Blanche was first kept in close captivity, then subjected to solitary confinement and finally murdered, most likely at Pedro's instigation." [8]
    Divorced 1354 
    Last Modified 25 May 2018 
    Family ID F6883  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Maria de Padilla,   d. Jul 1361, Seville, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married
    • Mistress.
    Children 
     1. Beatriz de Castilla y León,   b. 1353, Cordoba, Cordoba, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1369, Tordesillas, Valladolid, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 16 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Constanza de Castilla y León,   b. 1354, Castrojerez, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1394, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Isabel de Castilla y León, Duchess of York,   b. 1355, Tordesillas, Valladolid, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1392, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years)  [Birth]
     4. Alfonso de Castilla y León,   b. 1359, Tordesillas, Valladolid, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1362, Seville, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 3 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 8 Apr 2017 
    Family ID F4323  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Juana de Castro,   d. 21 Aug 1374, Galicia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married
    • Mistress.
    Children 
     1. Juan de Castilla,   b. 1355,   d. 1405, Soria, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 8 Apr 2017 
    Family ID F3601  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CASTILE.htm#PedroIdied1369.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Peter of Castile" at <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_of_Castile>.

    3. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 291.

    4. [S156] A Great and Glorious Adventure: A History of the Hundred Years War and the Birth of Renaissance England, Gordon Corrigan, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 170-176.

    5. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 281ff.

    6. [S156] A Great and Glorious Adventure: A History of the Hundred Years War and the Birth of Renaissance England, Gordon Corrigan, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 176.

    7. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 346.

    8. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 290.