Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

John de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, KG

John de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, KG[1, 2]

Male 1442 - 1492  (49 years)

Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name John de la Pole 
    Order of the Garter
    Order of the Garter
    "The Order of the Garter is the most senior and the oldest British Order of Chivalry and was founded by Edward III in 1348." The official website of the British Monarchy.
    KG arms of John de la Pole, Duke Suffolk
    KG arms of John de la Pole, Duke Suffolk
    Suffix Duke of Suffolk, KG 
    Born 27 Sep 1442 
    Gender Male 
    Died ca. 1492  Wingfield, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Wingfield Church, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 46, "Pole, John de la (1442-1491)" by William Arthur Jobson Archbold.

      JOHN de la, second Duke of Suffolk (1442-1491), born on 27 Sept. 1442, was only son of William de la Pole, first duke of Suffolk (d. 1450) [q. v.] On 27 Nov. 1445 he was made joint constable of Wallingford and high steward of the honour of St. Valery, offices to which he was reappointed in 1461. In 1455 he was restored by Henry VI to the dukedom of Suffolk. None the less he joined Henry's Yorkist foes, and married Edward IV's sister. In February 1461 he was with the army which went under Warwick against Margaret's northern host, fresh from Wakefield, and he fought at the second battle of St. Albans on 7 Feb. 1461. On 28 June following he was steward of England at the coronation of Edward IV, and two years later he was re-created Duke of Suffolk. In 1463 he was a trier of petitions. He bore the queen's sceptre at the coronation of Elizabeth Woodville or Wydeville. In his own county, according to a letter from Margaret Paston to her husband, he was far from popular (Paston Letters, ii. 83), but it must be remembered that he was involved in disputes with the Paston family (ib. ii. 203). In the troubles of 1469 and 1470 he took Edward's side, and appears as a joint commissioner of array for several counties (cf. ib. ii. 413). When Edward was restored Suffolk was made a knight of the Garter (1472). In 1472 he became high steward of Oxford University. When Edward went to France in 1475, Suffolk was a captain in his army, and took some minor part in the negotiations which led to the treaty of Pecquigny. In 1478 he made various exchanges of lands with the king, which were duly confirmed in parliament. From 10 March 1478 to 5 May 1479 he was lieutenant of Ireland; he also held the office of joint high steward of the duchy of Lancaster for the parts of England south of the Trent.

      Suffolk had enjoyed many favours from Edward IV, yet on his death he at once offered his support to Richard III. He bore the sceptre and the dove at Richard's coronation on 7 July 1483. When, however, Richard was dead, Suffolk swore fealty to Henry VII, and was rewarded (19 Sept. 1485) with the constableship of Wallingford, a sole grant, doubtless, instead of a joint grant, such as he had had previously. This, however, he did not keep long, for on 21 Feb. 1488?9 the office was regranted to two more distinguished Lancastrians, Sir William Stonor and Sir Thomas Lovell [q. v.] Suffolk seems to have been trusted by Henry, for, in spite of the defection of his eldest son John, he was a trier of petitions in 1485 and 1487, and chief commissioner of array for Norfolk and Suffolk in 1487. In 1487 he refused to come to a feast of the order of the Garter because Lord Dynham had not made proper provision. Others did the same, and the feast had to be postponed. On 25 Nov. 1487 he bore the queen's sceptre at the coronation of Elizabeth of York, and on 6 March of the next year he witnessed a charter to her. At the end of 1488 he was commissioned to take muster of archers for the relief of Brittany. In 1489 he had a grant from the king's wardrobe. He died in 1491. He had married before October 1460 (cf. Paston Letters, i. 521) Elizabeth, second daughter of Richard, duke of York, and sister of Edward IV. By her he had three sons?John, Edmund, and Richard?all separately noticed.

      [Doyle's Official Baronage, iii. 438; Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage; Ramsay's Lancaster and York, ii. 245; Rot. Parl. v. 470 n., vi. 75 n.; Paston Letters, vols. ii. and iii. passim; Materials for the Hist. of Henry VII, ed. Campbell (Rolls Ser.), i. 26, ii. 325, &c.; Grants of Edward V (Camd. Soc.), xxi.; Warkworth's Chron. (Camd. Soc.), p. 11; Gairdner's Richard III; Cal. Pat. Rolls Ed. V and Ric. III (Rep. Dep.-Keeper of Public Records).]

      W. A. J. A.
      [3]
    Person ID I13358  Dickinson
    Last Modified 12 Oct 2014 

    Family 1 Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby,   b. 31 May 1443, Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jun 1509, Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Married 1450 
    Divorced 1453 
    Last Modified 12 Oct 2014 
    Family ID F4017  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk,   b. 22 Apr 1444, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ca. 1504, Wingfield, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married Aug 1461 
    Children 
     1. John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln,   b. ca. 1462,   d. 16 Jun 1487, Stoke Field, East Stoke, Nottinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 25 years)  [Birth]
     2. Anne de la Pole,   d. Aft 1495  [Birth]
     3. Catherine de la Pole, Lady Stourton  [Birth]
     4. Elizabeth de la Pole, Lady Morley,   d. Aft 31 Dec 1489  [Birth]
     5. Edward de la Pole,   d. Bef 8 Oct 1485  [Birth]
     6. Edmund de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, KB,   b. ca. 1471,   d. 4 May 1513, The Tower of London, Tower Hamlets, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 42 years)  [Birth]
     7. Humphrey de la Pole, Rector of Hingham,   b. 1 Aug 1474,   d. Bef 15 Feb 1513  (Age 38 years)  [Birth]
     8. Geoffrey de la Pole,   d. After 1499  [Birth]
     9. William de la Pole,   b. ca. 1478,   d. Aft Oct 1539, The Tower of London, Tower Hamlets, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 61 years)  [Birth]
     10. Richard de la Pole,   d. 24 Feb 1525, Pavia, Lombardy, Itlay Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F4016  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - ca. 1492 - Wingfield, Suffolk Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/., http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL2.htm#JohnPoleSuffolkdied1491B.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org., "John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk", http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL2.htm#JohnPoleSuffolkdied1491B.
      "John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk, KG (27 September 1442 ? between 29 October 1491 and 27 October 1492), known as "the Trimming Duke". He was the son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Alice Chaucer, daughter of Thomas Chaucer."

    3. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 46, 27-28.