Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Jean II, King of France[1]

Male 1319 - 1364  (44 years)


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  • Name Jean II  
    Suffix King of France 
    Nickname "le Bon" [the Good] 
    Born 26 Apr 1319  Château de Gué-de-Mauny, Le Mans, Sarthe Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Political 19 Nov 1350  [2
    Raoul de Brienne, count of Eu, was executed, without process, for treason and his office of constable was awarded to a close companion of the king, Charles de la Cerda. This murder of Eu and suspicions of Cerda's "dishonest affection" for the king alienated many French nobles.  
    Political 5 Apr 1356  Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    During a banquet hosted by the Dauphin Charles, John arrested Charles of Navarre, Jean of Harcourt and three other Norman lords. (Navarre and Harcourt had been complicit in the murder of Cerda in 1354.) All but Navarre were executed, stirring disaffection in Normandy and sympathy for the claim of Edward III to the throne of France. 
    Military 19 Sep 1356  Nouaillé, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Battle of Poitiers
    Battle of Poitiers
    At the Battle of Poitiers, the isolated and outnumbered army of the Prince of Wales defeated King John II. As at Crécy, the Anglo-Gascon force made good, defensive use of the field by occupying high ground that was broken to their front and offered security to the flanks and rear. Unlike Crécy, John was able to bring up his army in good order. As attrition began to tell for the French, Wales turned their flank with a desperate and wholly unexpected cavalry charge. John and his son Philip were captured on the field.
    House Valois 
    Died 8 Apr 1364  Savoy Palace, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Buried Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I13246  Dickinson
    Last Modified 25 May 2018 

    Father Philippe VI de France, King of France,   b. 1293,   d. 22 Aug 1350, Abbey of Coulombs, Nogent-le-Roi, Eure-et-Loir, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Jeanne de Bourgogne,   b. 24 Jun 1293,   d. 12 Dec 1349, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Jul 1313  Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3955  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Guta of Bohemia, Queen of France,   b. 20 May 1315, Prague, Czech Republic Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1349, Abbaye de Maubuisson, Saint-Ouen l'Aumône, Val-d'Oise Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years) 
    Married 28 Jul 1332  Notre-Dame de Melun, Seine-et-Marne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Blanche de France,   b. ca. 1336  [Birth]
    +2. Charles V, King of France,   b. 21 Jan 1338, Château du Bois de Vincenne, Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Ile-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1380, Château de Beauté-sur-Marne, Nogent-sur-Marne Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)  [Birth]
     3. Catherine de France,   b. ca. 1338  [Birth]
     4. Louis de France, Duc d'Anjou,   b. 23 Jul 1339, Château du Bois de Vincenne, Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Ile-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Sep 1384, Bisceglie, Bari, Puglia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)  [Birth]
     5. Jean de France, Duke of Berry,   b. 30 Nov 1340, Château du Bois de Vincenne, Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Ile-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jun 1416, Hôtel de Nesle, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)  [Birth]
    +6. Philippe II de France, Duke of Burgundy,   b. 15 Jan 1342, Pontoise, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Apr 1404, Halle, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)  [Birth]
    +7. Jeanne de France, Queen consort of Navarre,   b. 24 Jun 1343, Châteauneuf-sur-Loire, Loiret Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1373, Évreux, Haute-Normadie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)  [Birth]
     8. Marie de France, Dcss of Bar,   b. 18 Sep 1344, Saint Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1404  (Age 60 years)  [Birth]
     9. Agnes de France,   b. 9 Dec 1345, Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1350, Hôtel de Nesle, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)  [Birth]
     10. Marguerite de France,   b. 20 Sep 1347, Palais du Louvres, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Apr 1352, Château de Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)  [Birth]
     11. Isabelle de France,   b. 1 Oct 1348, Château de Bois-de-Vincennes, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Sep 1373, Pavia, Lombardy, Itlay Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 21 May 2018 
    Family ID F3957  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Jeanne d'Auvergne, Ctss d'Auvergne, de Boulogne ,   b. 8 May 1326,   d. 29 Sep 1360  (Age 34 years) 
    Married 9 Feb 1350  Sainte-Gemme, Feucherolles, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Three children were produced by this union, all of whom died young.
    Last Modified 24 May 2018 
    Family ID F6878  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 28 Jul 1332 - Notre-Dame de Melun, Seine-et-Marne Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Feb 1350 - Sainte-Gemme, Feucherolles, Yvelines, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - During a banquet hosted by the Dauphin Charles, John arrested Charles of Navarre, Jean of Harcourt and three other Norman lords. (Navarre and Harcourt had been complicit in the murder of Cerda in 1354.) All but Navarre were executed, stirring disaffection in Normandy and sympathy for the claim of Edward III to the throne of France. - 5 Apr 1356 - Rouen, Normandy, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 19 Sep 1356 - Nouaillé, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 8 Apr 1364 - Savoy Palace, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#JeanIIdied1364B.

    2. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 190.

    3. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 189.

    4. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 183-227.

    5. [S156] A Great and Glorious Adventure: A History of the Hundred Years War and the Birth of Renaissance England, Gordon Corrigan, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 163.