Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Arthur de Bretagne, Duke of Brittany[1]

Male 1187 - 1203  (16 years)


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  • Name Arthur de Bretagne 
    Suffix Duke of Brittany 
    Born 29 Mar 1187  Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Military 22 Sep 1199  Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Arthur and his mother, Constance, were surrendered to Arthur's uncle John by William des Roches, a former ally of Philip Augustus. But Aimery of Thours spirited the party to Angers, a move that landed them into the camp of the French king for fresh intrigues. 
    Military 1 Aug 1202  Mirebeau, Vienne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    French Campaign of 1202 and the Battle of Mirebeau
    French Campaign of 1202 and the Battle of Mirebeau
    At the Battle of Mirebeau, John dealt a decisive defeat to Arthur, bagging the young duke and his Poitevin allies as they were attempting to bag Arthur's grandmother, Eleanor. (This was the southern strategy of Philip Augustus' campaign to wrest Normandy from John and it derailed his northern push against Arques.) John then took the occasion of the victory to offend his own allies, particularly the seneschal of Anjou, William de Roches, who went over to the French king. "In his moment of triumph, John forgot to be magnanimous to exactly the men on whom his control of Anjou and Poitou rested." Church, p. 108. "[T]he king [John] squandered this crucial opportunity, and a dreadful corner was turned in his career, from which there would be no return. * * * The king's merciless behavior caused serious scandal. * * * William des Roches was so disgusted by John's behavior that he abandoned him - transferring is allegiance to Philip of France- and the leading nobles in the Angevin heartlands soon followed suit." Asbridge, p. 275
    Died 3 Apr 1203  Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7, 8, 9, 10
    Agency: Murder 
    Buried Abbey of the Notre Dame des Prés, Rouen, Caux, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I12876  Dickinson
    Last Modified 12 Feb 2018 

    Father Geoffrey II, Earl of Richmond,   b. 23 Sep 1158,   d. 19 Aug 1186, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Constance de Bretagne, Duchess de Bretagne,   b. 1161, Brittany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1201, Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Jul 1181 
    Family ID F3381  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 29 Mar 1187 - Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Arthur and his mother, Constance, were surrendered to Arthur's uncle John by William des Roches, a former ally of Philip Augustus. But Aimery of Thours spirited the party to Angers, a move that landed them into the camp of the French king for fresh intrigues. - 22 Sep 1199 - Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 1 Aug 1202 - Mirebeau, Vienne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Agency: Murder - 3 Apr 1203 - Rouen, Normandy, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm#ArthurIdied1203.

    2. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 393.

    3. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 336-8.

    4. [S20] The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217, Richard Brooks, (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014), 108.

    5. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 275.

    6. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX).

    7. [S20] The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217, Richard Brooks, (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014), 58.
      "Taken to Rouen, he disappeared from the record about Easter 1203, probably stabbed by his uncle after dinner, and dumped in the Seine."

    8. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 111.

    9. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 623-631.
      "According to [the Annals of Margam], at Rouen, 'after dinner on the Thursday before Easter,' 3 April 1203, 'when he was drunk with wine and possessed of the Devil, [John] slew [Arthur] with his own hand and, tying a heavy stone to the body, cast it into the Seine. It was brought up by the nets of fishermen and, dragged to the bank, it was identified and secretly buried, for fear of the tyrant, in Notre-Dame des Prés, a priory of Bec.'" Weir, at 627.

    10. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 276-77.