Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

William Longespée

William Longespée[1]

Male Bef 1209 - 1250  (~ 41 years)

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  • Name William Longespée 
    House of Anjou
    House of Anjou
    Born Before 1209 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1248 
    Seventh Crusade 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Died 7 Feb 1250  Mansoura, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    The Seventh Crusade was prosecuted by King Louis IX in response to yet another loss of Jerusalem. His goal was similar to that endorsed by Richard I during the waning of the Third Crusade and attempted during the Fifth: win Jerusalem by first occupying Ayyubid Egypt. To that end, Louis won a contested amphibious landing in Egypt on 5 Jun 1249 and occupied Damietta while his opponent, Fakhr al-Din, fell back on Mansoura. To avoid the Nile flood season Louis did not move to al-Din until November and then puzzled over crossing the Tanis, all the while suffering harassment from the Egyptianson the opposite bank. With the discovery of a ford, a mounted contingent finally crossed at dawn on 8 Feb 1250. It was an undisciplined charge, led by the king's brother Robert, that was Louis’ undoing: it continued into the narrow confines of Mansoura where it was cut apart by a garrison of Mamluks. Having beaten back the ensuing counterattack, Louis clung stubbornly to his position until disease and starvation forced his retreat in April. That turned into a bloody rout and Louis, himself suffering from dysentery, was captured and subsequently ransomed. The tactical failures of the crusade fatally shifted the balance of power away from Christian and Ayyubid alike: Mamluk hegemony in the Levant was on the ascent.
    Person ID I12849  Dickinson
    Last Modified 16 Oct 2017 

    Father William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury,   b. ca. 1176,   d. 7 Mar 1226, Salisbury Castle, Salisbury, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Ela of Salisbury, Countess of Salisbury,   b. ca. 1191, Amesbury, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1261, Lacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 70 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1198  [3
    Family ID F3663  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Idoine de Camville,   d. ca. 1250 
    Married After 22 Apr 1216 
    Children 
    +1. William Longespée,   d. 4 Jun 1256, Blyth, Nottinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
     2. Richard Longespée,   d. Before 27 Dec 1261  [Birth]
    +3. Ela Longespée,   d. Before 22 Nov 1299  [Birth]
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2015 
    Family ID F4431  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL1.htm#WilliamLongespeedied12491250.

    2. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 597.

    3. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 132.