Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

St. Louis IX, King of France

St. Louis IX, King of France[1, 2, 3]

Male 1214 - 1270  (56 years)

Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Louis IX  
    Royal Arms of France
    Royal Arms of France
    Title St. 
    Suffix King of France 
    Born 25 Apr 1214  Château de Poissy, Yvelines Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Title 1226  [4
    King of France 
    Military 12 Jun 1248  Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Seventh Crusade 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Military 8 Feb 1250  Mansoura, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Battle of Al Mansurah (Ayyubid victory) 
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    The Seventh Crusade was prosecuted by King Louis IX in response to yet another loss of Jerusalem. His goal was similar to that endorsed by Richard I during the waning of the Third Crusade and attempted during the Fifth: win Jerusalem by first occupying Ayyubid Egypt. To that end, Louis won a contested amphibious landing in Egypt on 5 Jun 1249 and occupied Damietta while his opponent, Fakhr al-Din, fell back on Mansoura. To avoid the Nile flood season Louis did not move to al-Din until November and then puzzled over crossing the Tanis, all the while suffering harassment from the Egyptianson the opposite bank. With the discovery of a ford, a mounted contingent finally crossed at dawn on 8 Feb 1250. It was an undisciplined charge, led by the king's brother Robert, that was Louis’ undoing: it continued into the narrow confines of Mansoura where it was cut apart by a garrison of Mamluks. Having beaten back the ensuing counterattack, Louis clung stubbornly to his position until disease and starvation forced his retreat in April. That turned into a bloody rout and Louis, himself suffering from dysentery, was captured and subsequently ransomed. The tactical failures of the crusade fatally shifted the balance of power away from Christian and Ayyubid alike: Mamluk hegemony in the Levant was on the ascent.
    Died 25 Aug 1270  Tunis, Tunisia Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    • Louis died of the plague after arriving in Tunis. At the time, he was leading a contingent of the eighth crusade; however, the route to Tunis was determined by his brother Charles, who, as the king of Sicily, was concerned with pacifying his enemies to the south. [6]
    Canonized 1297 
    Divines
    Divines
    How beautiful upon the mountains
    are the feet of him who brings good news,
    who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness,
    who publishes salvation,
    who says to Zion, “Your God reigns.”
    Also Known As St. Louis. 
    Buried Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I12816  Dickinson
    Last Modified 10 Nov 2017 

    Father Louis VIII de France, King of France,   b. 3 Sep 1187, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Montpensier-en-Auvergne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Blanca de Castilla, Queen consort of France,   b. 4 Mar 1188, Palencia, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1252, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 23 May 1200  Pont-Audemer, Normandy Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Family ID F3488  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Marguerite de Provence,   b. 1221, Saint-Maime, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Dec 1295, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 27 May 1234  athedral of St Etienne, Sens, Yonne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Blanche de France,   b. 12 Jul or 4 Dec 1240,   d. 29 Apr 1243  (Age 2 years)  [Birth]
     2. Isabelle de France,   b. 2 or 18 Mar 1242,   d. 27 Apr 1271, Hyères, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Philippe III of France, King of France,   b. 1 May 1245, Poissy, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan, Roussillon, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)  [Birth]
     4. Philippe de France,   b. 1 May 1245, Château de Poissy, Yvelines Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)  [Birth]
     5. Jean de France,   b. ca. 1246,   d. 10 Mar 1248  (Age ~ 2 years)  [Birth]
     6. Jean "Tristan" de France, Count of Nevers,   b. 8 Apr 1250, Damietta, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1270, Tunis, Tunisia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 20 years)  [Birth]
     7. Pierre de France, Count of Alençon and Perche, Lord of Mortagne and Bellême,   b. 1251, Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 or 7 Apr 1284, Salerno, Campania, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)  [Birth]
     8. Blanche de France,   b. 1253, Jaffa, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jun 1320, Monastery of the Poor Clares of the Ave Maria, Faubourg Saint-Marcel, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)  [Birth]
     9. Marguerite de France,   b. 1255,   d. Jul 1271  (Age 16 years)  [Birth]
     10. Robert de France,   b. ca. 1256,   d. 7 Feb 1317  (Age ~ 61 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 5 Sep 2014 
    Family ID F3709  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 25 Apr 1214 - Château de Poissy, Yvelines Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Seventh Crusade - 12 Jun 1248 - Paris, Île-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Battle of Al Mansurah (Ayyubid victory) - 8 Feb 1250 - Mansoura, Egypt Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Aug 1270 - Tunis, Tunisia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#LouisIXdied1270B.

    2. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 577ff.

    3. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Louis IX of France," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_IX_of_France.

    4. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 246.

    5. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 583.

    6. [S157] A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the Forging of Britain, Marc Morris, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2015), 94.

    7. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 640-41.

    8. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 91-92.
      This marriage was arranged as part of the Treaty of Le Goulet which secured John I's Angevin claims. John's nephew, Arthur, was also acknowledged to be John's man, a move that separated him from Philip Augustus. "For John, Le Goultet must have been a triumph: a year and a month after Richard had died, he had finally and irrevocably secured the recognition of his overlord, the king of France, for his succession to Richard's continental lands. The treaty was concluded on May 22, 1200, with the nuptials of the twelve-year-old Louis and the eleven-year-old Blanche celebrated by the archbishop of Bordeaux at Ponte Audemar the following day, the same day that John received Arthur's homage for Brittany, no doubt sulkily given, but given nonetheless." Church, p. 92.