Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Friedrich II von Staufen, King of Sicily and Germany, HRE

Friedrich II von Staufen, King of Sicily and Germany, HRE[1]

Male 1194 - 1250  (55 years)

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  • Name Friedrich II von Staufen 
    House of Hohenstaufen
    House of Hohenstaufen
    Suffix King of Sicily and Germany, HRE 
    Born 26 Dec 1194  Iesi, Marche, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Title 1208  [2
    King of Sicily  
    Title 1215  Aachen, Rhineland, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    King of Germany (Coronation) 
    Title 22 Nov 1220  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Holy Roman Emperor 
    Military 28 Jun 1228  Brindisi, Apulia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Sixth Crusade (Departure for the Holy Land) 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Political 18 Feb 1229  Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Truce of Jerusalem 
    • "On 18 February 1229, Frederick agreed terms with the Ayyubid sultan. In return for a ten year truce and Frederick's military protection against all enemies, even Christians, al-Kamil surrendered Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Nazareth, together with a corridor of land linking the Holy City with the coast. Muslims were to retain access to the Haram as-Sharif, with their own qadi to supervise this sacred area, but otherwise they were to abandon the city. For the first time in forty years the Holy Sepulchre would again be in Christian hands- an excommunicate emperor had achieved what no crusader since 1187 could, and all without spilling a single drop of blood." [4]
    • Latin Christians maintained control of Jerusalem until it was overrun by the Khwarizmian Turks on 11 Jul 1244. [5]
    Departure 1 May 1229  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Died 13 Dec 1250  Castel Fiorentino, Lucera, Foggia, Apulia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9
    Cause: Dysentery  
    Buried Palermo Cathedral, Palermo, Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Tomb of Friedrich II
    Tomb of Friedrich II
    Cathedral of Palermo
    Person ID I12415  Dickinson
    Last Modified 10 Nov 2017 

    Father Heinrich VI von Staufen, Holy Roman Emperor,   b. Nov 1165, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Sep 1197, Messina, Sicilia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 31 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Constance of Sicily,   b. 2 Nov 1154,   d. 28 Nov 1198, Palermo, Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 27 Jan 1186  San Ambrosio, Milan, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F6073  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Constanza de Aragón, Queen consort of Hungary, Sicily,   b. ca. 1179,   d. 23 Jun 1222, Catania, Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Married Aug 1209  Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Heinrich VII von Staufen, King of Germany, HRE,   b. 1211,   d. Feb 1242  (Age 31 years)
    Last Modified 16 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F6072  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Isabelle II of of Jerusalem, Queen of Jerusalem,   b. 1212, Andria, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Apr 1228, Andria, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 16 years) 
    Married 9 Nov 1225  Brindisi, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [10, 11
    Children 
     1. Konrad IV von Staufen, King of Germany ,   b. 25 Apr 1228, Andria, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 May 1254, Lavello, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 26 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 10 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F3526  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress,   b. 1214,   d. 1 Dec 1241, Naples, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years) 
    Married Jul 1235  Cathedral of St. Peter, Worms, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 11 Aug 2014 
    Family ID F3527  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 26 Dec 1194 - Iesi, Marche, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Aug 1209 - Sicily Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - King of Germany (Coronation) - 1215 - Aachen, Rhineland, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Holy Roman Emperor - 22 Nov 1220 - Rome, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Nov 1225 - Brindisi, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Sixth Crusade (Departure for the Holy Land) - 28 Jun 1228 - Brindisi, Apulia, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - Truce of Jerusalem - 18 Feb 1229 - Jerusalem Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeparture - 1 May 1229 - Acre, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Jul 1235 - Cathedral of St. Peter, Worms, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Cause: Dysentery - 13 Dec 1250 - Castel Fiorentino, Lucera, Foggia, Apulia, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Palermo Cathedral, Palermo, Sicily Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), "KONSTANTIN ROGER FRIEDRICH von Staufen, son of Emperor HEINRICH VI & his wife Constance of Sicily (Iesi, Ancona 26 Dec 1194-Castel Fiorentino near Lucera, Foggia, 13 Dec 1250, bur 25 Feb 1251 Palermo Cathedral)" at http://bit.ly/2hInCIu.

    2. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 550.

    3. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 559.

    4. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 569.

    5. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 243.

    6. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 231-33.

    7. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 236.

    8. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 572.

    9. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 257.
      ?Frederick II died of dysentery on December 13, 1250, and was buried in a bright red sarcophagus in Palermo Cathedral. He had spent most of his reign in a long and dizzyingly complex war with the pope and his enemies in Italy, and although he had succeeded where everyone since the First Crusade failed- he had taken back the city of Jerusalem for the Latin Christians- he died having offended the Church so consistently that he had been excommunicated four times and had led many churchmen to the conclusion that he was the devil incarnate.?

    10. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 565.

    11. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 226.
      "Collecting titles was one of Frederick's specialties, and the crown of Jerusalem had come to him by way of a wedding. In 1225 he had married John of Brienne's thirteen-year-old daughter, Isabella, the rightful queen of Jerusalem. As part of the deal Frederick had taken over her father's rights to act as titular ruler of the Latin kingdom. Three years later Isabella bore him a son, whom they named Conrad. Sadly for her, but somewhat fortuitously for Frederick, the girl promptly died of childbed fever, leaving Frederick holding a baby who was next in line to the throne."