Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Thomas Holand, 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand, KG

Thomas Holand, 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand, KG[1]

Male 1350 - 1397  (~ 47 years)

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  • Name Thomas Holand 
    Arms of Earl of Kent
    Arms of Earl of Kent
    Suffix 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand, KG 
    Born ca. 1350  Up Holland, Lancashire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 25 Apr 1397  Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Bourne Abbey, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 27, "Holland, Thomas (1350-1397)" by William Arthur Jobson Archbold.

      HOLLAND, THOMAS, second Earl of Kent of the Holland family (1350-1397), born in 1350, was son of Thomas Holland, first earl of Kent [q. v.], by Joan, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock [q. v.] He succeeded to the barony of Holland in 1360, on the death of his father, and in 1366 was made captain of the English forces in Aquitaine. He was knighted by his stepfather, Edward the Black Prince, in 1367, when fighting in Castile. In 1375 he was appointed K.G. In that and the year following he was again engaged in the French wars, and accompanied the expedition of the Earl of Cambridge and the Duke of Brittany into Brittany with two thousand men-at-arms and three thousand archers. Over his half-brother, Richard II, Holland exerted an evil influence. He was cruel and selfish, and chiefly aimed at enriching himself. In the first year of Richard II's reign his income was increased by a grant of 200l. a year; he was also made warden of the New Forest, and in that and the next year had other similar appointments and pensions given him, so that he received in all 1,000l. a year. From 1380 to 1385 he was earl-marshal of England. In December 1380 he went as ambassador to the Emperor Wenceslaus, to arrange a marriage between Anne, the emperor's sister, and Richard. In 1381 he was created Earl of Kent. When, in 1381, the rebellion of the commons broke out in Kent, he was made captain of the king's forces, but he does not appear to have taken a very active part against the rebels. He was with Richard in the Tower when the rebels approached London, but when the king went out to Mile End Kent left him, in fear of his own life. Probably through the favour of Richard he received his mother's lands, which she held largely in right of dower, on her death in 1385. He held many other offices, among them those of constable of the Tower (1389), was a privy councillor (1389), was one of those who guaranteed the queen's marriage settlement, and had just been appointed governor of Carisbrooke Castle when he died on 25 April 1397. He was buried in Brune Abbey.

      Kent married, in 1366, Alice, daughter of Richard Fitzalan, fifth earl of Arundel [q. v.], and by her left two sons and five daughters. His eldest son, Thomas [q. v.], is separately noticed. His second son, Edmund Holland, became fourth Earl of Kent after the death of his brother Thomas in 1400; married, in 1407, Lucia (d. 1424), sister of Barnabo Visconti, duke of Milan, and died, 18 Sept. 1408, of a wound received in the head while besieging the castle of Briant in Brittany (Thomas of Walsinhgam, Hist. Angl. in Chron. Mon. Sc. Alb., Rolls Series, ed. Riley, ii. 274, 279).

      [Doyle's Official Baronage, vol. ii.; Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerages, p. 279; Dugdale's Baronage, ii. 75; Wallon's Richard II, i. 63, 72, ii. 120; Stubbs's Const. Hist. vol. ii. chap. xvi.; Chron. Angl. auct. Mon. Sancti Albani, ed. E. M. Thompson (Rolls Ser.), p. 285, &c.; Froissart's Chronicle, ed. Johnes, vol. ii. chaps. cxxxv?cxl. (with add.); Syllabus to Rymer's F?dera, pp. 495, 508; Beltz's Memorials of the Garter, p. 217.]

      W. A. J. A.
      [2]
    Person ID I12385  Dickinson
    Last Modified 10 Sep 2016 

    Father Thomas Holand, 1st Earl of Kent, 2nd Baron Holand, KG,   b. ca. 1314, Up Holland, Lancashire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Dec 1360  (Age ~ 46 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Joan of Kent, Princess of Wales,   b. 29 Sep 1328,   d. 8 Aug 1385, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married ca. 1339 
    Family ID F3516  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alice FitzAlan, Countess of Kent, LG,   b. ca. 1350, Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1416  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Children 
     1. Thomas de Holand, 3rd Earl of Kent,   b. ca. 1371,   d. 7 Jan 1400  (Age ~ 29 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Eleanor de Holand,   b. ca. 1373, Up Holland, Lancashire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1405  (Age ~ 32 years)  [Birth]
     3. Joan de Holand,   b. ca. 1380,   d. 12 Apr 1434  (Age ~ 54 years)
    +4. Edmund de Holand, 4th Earl of Kent, 5th Baron Holand, KG,   b. 6 Jan 1383,   d. 15 Sep 1408, Ile de Bréhat, Brittany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 25 years)  [Birth]
    +5. Margaret de Holand,   b. ca. 1381,   d. 30 Dec 1439, St Saviour’s Abbey, Bermondsey, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years)  [Birth]
    +6. Eleanor Holand,   b. ca. 1386, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. aft. 1413, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 28 years)  [Birth]
    +7. Elizabeth de Holand,   d. 1423
     8. Bridget de Holand,   d. Before 1416  [Birth]
    Last Modified 17 May 2016 
    Family ID F3515  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ca. 1350 - Up Holland, Lancashire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Apr 1397 - Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Bourne Abbey, Lincolnshire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Histories
    Order of the Garter
    Order of the Garter
    "The Order of the Garter is the most senior and the oldest British Order of Chivalry and was founded by Edward III in 1348." The official website of the British Monarchy.

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#ThomasHolandKentdied1397B.

    2. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 27, 157.