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Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, KG

Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, KG[1]

Male 1338 - 1401  (63 years)

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  • Name Thomas de Beauchamp 
    Arms of Beauchamp
    Arms of Beauchamp
    Suffix 12th Earl of Warwick, KG 
    Born 16 Mar 1338  Warwick Castle, Warwickshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Political 28 Sep 1397  Isle of Wight Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Banished to the Isle of Wight by the Ricardian parliament of 1397. Warwick was one of the "Lords Appellant," a triumvirate that had orchestrated the execution of five of the king's counselors in 1388. The king had his revenge after his depleted coffers were replenished with the dowry of his bride, Isabel. 
    Died 8 Apr 1401 
    Buried Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, Warwickshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 04, "Beauchamp, Thomas de" by John Horace Round.

      BEAUCHAMP, THOMAS de, Earl of Warwick (d. 1401), statesman, was son of Thomas de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, who had distinguished himself at Crecy, Poitiers, and elsewhere, and was one of the founders of the order of the Garter. He succeeded his father 13 Nov. 1369, being then twenty-four years old. He accompanied John of Gaunt in the fruitless French campaign of 1373, and took part shortly after in the descent on Britanny (T. Wals. i. 318). In the 'Good Parliament' of 1376, and in those of February and of October 1377, he was one of the committee of magnates deputed by the lords to act in concert with the commons for reform, and he was placed on the commission of iniquiry in that of 1379. The parliament now insisted on a governor for the king, and Warwick was appointed, 'communi sententiâ,' to the post (ib. 427), and was placed on the commission of retrenchment in the parliament of January 1380 (F?dera, iv. 75). On the rising of the villeins in 1381 he was despatched, with Thomas Percy, against those of St. Edmund's (T. Wals. ii. 28). He accompanied Richard in his Scotch campaign (1385), at the head of 600 archers and 280 men-at-arms, the largest contingent in the field (MS. ut infra); but on the king commencing his struggle for independence, joined the opposition which was forming under Gloucester and Derby. Of a retiring and somewhat indolent disposition, and unsuited to his great station among the nobles, he withdrew for the time to Warwick, and indulged his tastes in quietude, till the decision of the judges in Richard's favour (25 Aug. 1387) compelled him to come forth from his seclusion and join Gloucester and Arundel in their advance on London (T. Wals. ii. 164). From Waltham Cross (14 Nov. 1387) they issued a manifesto against the king's advisers, and formally 'appealed' them of treason, 27 December. A parliament was summoned in February (1388), and the ministers accused by 'the lords appellant 'were tried and condemned. The lords appellant retained power till 3 May 1389, when Richard, by a coup-d'état, removed them from his council; and the earl, again withdrawing to Warwick, occupied himself in adding to his castle and building the nave of St. Mary's Church. Richard, ever eager for vengeance on the opposition, contrived, in 1396, that Warwick and Nottingham should quarrel over the lands of Gower; and the former, who lost his case, may have been goaded into joining the alleged, but most obscure, conspiracy at Arundel in July 1397 (Chronique, 5-6), revealed by Nottingham to Richard. Invited by the king, with Gloucester and Arundel, to a banquet July, he alone came, and was arrested (ib. 9, T. Wals. ii. 222), and committed to the Tower (his quarters giving name to 'the Beauchamp Tower'). Tried in parliament, on 28 Sept., his courage failed him, and pleading guilty ('confessa toute la traison'), he threw himself on the king's mercy (Chronique, 10, T. Wals. 226, Trok. 219-20). He was sentenced to forfeiture and to imprisonment for life in the Isle of Man, where he was harshly treated by the governor, William le Scrope (Trok. 252). But on 12 July 1398 he was recommitted to the Tower, whence he was liberated, on Henry's triumph, in August 1399. Hastening to meet the king and Henry, he returned with them to town, and attended Henry's first parliament (October 1399), in which he attempted to deny his confession of 1397, but was silenced by Henry (Trok. 307-8). He was also one of those who challenged Arundel (ib. 310), and he is said, with other magnates (1 Jan. 1400), to have urged Henry to put Richard to death (Chronique, 78). On 6 Jan. 1400 he set out with the king from London against the rebel lords (ib. 82), but after their capture disappeared fromm public life, and died 8 July 1401 (T. Wals. ii. 247, Trok. 337). He was succeeded by his son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1382-1439 [q. v.].

      [Chronique de la Traison (Eng. Hist. Soc.); Thomas of Walsingham and Trokelowe (Rolls series); a Latin MS. 6049, Bibl. du Roy. f. 30; Dugdale's Baronage, i. 236; The Rows Roll of the Earls of Warwick, 1845; Stuble's Constitutional History, chaps, xvi. xviii.] [4]
    Person ID I12337  Dickinson
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2017 

    Father Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG,   b. 14 Feb 1313, Warwick Castle, Warwickshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov 1369, Calais, Pale of Calais Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick,   b. Ludlow Castle, Ludlow, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1369 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 19 Apr 1319 
    • By papal dispensation.
    Family ID F3495  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret Ferrers,   d. 22 Jan 1407, Warwick Castle, Warwickshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, Count of Aumale, KG,   b. Jan 1382, Salwarpe, Worcestershire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1439, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 13 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F3494  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 16 Mar 1338 - Warwick Castle, Warwickshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - Banished to the Isle of Wight by the Ricardian parliament of 1397. Warwick was one of the "Lords Appellant," a triumvirate that had orchestrated the execution of five of the king's counselors in 1388. The king had his revenge after his depleted coffers were replenished with the dowry of his bride, Isabel. - 28 Sep 1397 - Isle of Wight Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, Warwickshire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Histories
    Order of the Garter
    Order of the Garter
    "The Order of the Garter is the most senior and the oldest British Order of Chivalry and was founded by Edward III in 1348." The official website of the British Monarchy.

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/., http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#ThomasWarwickdied1401.

    2. [S23] The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2012), 481.

    3. [S156] A Great and Glorious Adventure: A History of the Hundred Years War and the Birth of Renaissance England , Gordon Corrigan, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 190.

    4. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 4, 32.