Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Robert I de France, Count d'Artois

Robert I de France, Count d'Artois[1, 2]

Male 1216 - 1250  (~ 33 years)

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  • Name Robert I de France 
    Arms of Artois
    Arms of Artois
    Suffix Count d'Artois 
    Born Sep 1216 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1248 
    Seventh Crusade 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Died 9 Feb 1250  Mansoura, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    Battle of Al Mansurah
    The Seventh Crusade was prosecuted by King Louis IX in response to yet another loss of Jerusalem. His goal was similar to that endorsed by Richard I during the waning of the Third Crusade and attempted during the Fifth: win Jerusalem by first occupying Ayyubid Egypt. To that end, Louis won a contested amphibious landing in Egypt on 5 Jun 1249 and occupied Damietta while his opponent, Fakhr al-Din, fell back on Mansoura. To avoid the Nile flood season Louis did not move to al-Din until November and then puzzled over crossing the Tanis, all the while suffering harassment from the Egyptianson the opposite bank. With the discovery of a ford, a mounted contingent finally crossed at dawn on 8 Feb 1250. It was an undisciplined charge, led by the king's brother Robert, that was Louis’ undoing: it continued into the narrow confines of Mansoura where it was cut apart by a garrison of Mamluks. Having beaten back the ensuing counterattack, Louis clung stubbornly to his position until disease and starvation forced his retreat in April. That turned into a bloody rout and Louis, himself suffering from dysentery, was captured and subsequently ransomed. The tactical failures of the crusade fatally shifted the balance of power away from Christian and Ayyubid alike: Mamluk hegemony in the Levant was on the ascent.
    Person ID I12306  Dickinson
    Last Modified 17 Oct 2017 

    Father Louis VIII de France, King of France,   b. 3 Sep 1187, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Montpensier-en-Auvergne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Blanca de Castilla, Queen consort of France,   b. 4 Mar 1188, Palencia, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1252, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 23 May 1200  Pont-Audemer, Normandy Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Family ID F3488  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mathilde de Brabant,   b. 1224,   d. 29 Sep 1288  (Age 64 years) 
    Married 14 Jun 1237  Compiègne, Oise, Picardy, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Blanche d'Artois, Queen consort of Navarre, Countess Lancaster,   b. 1248,   d. 2 May 1302, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     2. Robert II d'Artois, Comte d'Artois,   b. Sep 1250,   d. 11 Jul 1302, Kortrijk, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 18 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F3486  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORTHERN%20FRANCE.htm#RobertIArtoisdied1250B.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Robert I, Count of Artois" at http://bit.ly/2zuerDt.
      "Robert I (25 September 1216 ? 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile."

    3. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 597.

    4. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 91-92.
      This marriage was arranged as part of the Treaty of Le Goulet which secured John I's Angevin claims. John's nephew, Arthur, was also acknowledged to be John's man, a move that separated him from Philip Augustus. "For John, Le Goultet must have been a triumph: a year and a month after Richard had died, he had finally and irrevocably secured the recognition of his overlord, the king of France, for his succession to Richard's continental lands. The treaty was concluded on May 22, 1200, with the nuptials of the twelve-year-old Louis and the eleven-year-old Blanche celebrated by the archbishop of Bordeaux at Ponte Audemar the following day, the same day that John received Arthur's homage for Brittany, no doubt sulkily given, but given nonetheless." Church, p. 92.