Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

James of Alditheley

James of Alditheley[1, 2, 3]

Male 1220 - 1272  (~ 52 years)

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  • Name James of Alditheley 
    Arms of Audley
    Arms of Audley
    Arms of Audley: Gules, fretty or. As given for Nicholas de Audley on the following Rolls of arms: Collins Roll (1304), Falkirk Roll (1298) and for his ancestor on the Glover's Roll (c. 1240-45).
    Born ca. 1220 
    Gender Male 
    Military Aug 1265  Evesham, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Royalist, Battle of Evesham 
    Residence Heleigh, Staffordshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Title 1270 
    Justiciary of Ireland 
    Died 11 Jun 1272  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Audley, James de (d. 1272) by John Horace Round

      AUDLEY, ALDITHEL, or ALDITHELEY, JAMES de, knight (d. 1272), a royalist baron, was son and heir of Henry de Audley [q.v.], and, like him, a lord-marcher. In 1257 he accompanied Richard, king of the Romans, to his coronation at Aachen (Matt. Paris), sailing on 29 April (Rymer) and returning to England in the autumn to take part in the Welsh campaign (1257-1260). In the following year (1258) he was one of the royalist members of the council of fifteen nominated by the Provisions of Oxford, and witnessed, as 'James of Aldithel,' their confirmation by the king (18 Oct.). He also, with his brother-in-law, Peter de Montfort [see Montfort, Peter de], was appointed commissioner to treat with Llewelyn (18 Aug.), and two years later (44 Hen. III.) he acted as an itinerant justice. On Llewelyn of Wales attacking Mortimer, a royalist marcher, Audley joined Prince Edward at Hereford, 9 Jan. 1263 (Claus. 47 Hen. III. m. 5 dors.) to resist the invasion. But the barons, coming to Llewelyn's assistance, dispersed the royalist forces, and seized on his castles and estates. He is wrongly said by Dugdale and Foss to have been made 'justice of Ireland' in this year, but in December he was one of the royalist sureties in the appeal to Louis of France. At the time of the battle of Lewes (May 1264) he was in arms for the king on the Welsh marches (Matthew Paris), and he was one of the first to rise against the government of Simon de Montfort (Ypodigma Neustriæ). On Gloucester embracing the royal cause, early in 1265, Audley joined him with the other marchers, and took part in the campaign of Evesham and the overthrow of the baronial party. He appears to have gone on a pilgrimage to Galicia in 1268, and also, it is stated, to Palestine in 1270; but though his name occurs among the 'Crucesignati' of 21 May 1270, it is clear that he never went, for he was appointed justiciary of Ireland a few months later, his name first occurring in connection with that office 5 Sept. 1270 (Rot. Pat. 54 Hen. III. m. 4). During his tenure of the post he led several expeditions against 'the Irish rebels,' but died by 'breaking his neck' about 11 June 1272 (when he is last mentioned as justiciary), and was succeeded by his son James, who did homage 29 July 1272.

      [Dugdale's Baronage (1675), i. 747; Foss's Judges (1848), ii. 212; Eyton's Shropshire (1858), vii. 185-8; Chancery Misc. Rolls, No. 28, Rot. 1, 2.]

    Person ID I12272  Dickinson
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2018 

    Father Henry of Alditheley,   b. ca. 1175,   d. Before Nov 1246  (Age ~ 71 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Bertrade Mainwaring,   d. After 1249 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F4436  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Ela Longespée,   d. Before 22 Nov 1299 
     1. James de Audley,   b. 1250,   d. Before 22 Nov 1274  (Age 24 years)  [Birth]
     2. Henry de Audley,   b. ca. 1252,   d. Before 22 Apr 1276  (Age ~ 24 years)  [Birth]
     3. William de Audley,   b. 18 Oct 1253,   d. 1282, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)  [Birth]
    +4. Nicholas de Audley,   b. bef. 1258,   d. 28 Aug 1299  (Age ~ 41 years)
    +5. Hugh de Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Stratton Audley,   b. ca. 1267,   d. ca. 1326, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2015 
    Family ID F4420  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Royalist, Battle of Evesham - Aug 1265 - Evesham, Worcestershire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Heleigh, Staffordshire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at, 20XX), "JAMES Audley of Heleigh, Staffordshire" at <>.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online:, "James de Audley" at

    3. [S39] The Peerage, Darryl Lundy, (Online:, 20xx),

    4. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., "Audley, James de (d. 1272)," 2: 249-50.