Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Louis VII, King of the Franks

Louis VII, King of the Franks[1]

Male 1120 - 1180  (60 years)

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  • Name Louis VII  
    Royal Arms of France
    Royal Arms of France
    Suffix King of the Franks 
    Nickname le Jeune or le Pieux (the Younger/the Pious) 
    Born 1120  Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1142  Vitry-le-François, Marne, Grand Est, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Striking at Count Thibaut, Louis attacked Vitry and burned the church where over a thousand perished. 
    Military 31 Mar 1146  Vézelay, Yonne, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Fance Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Bernard of Clairvaux preached the cross here, inaugurating the Second Crusade (1147-1149). 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Second Crusade (1147 - 1149 AD)
    Second Crusade (1147 - 1149 AD)
    The Second Crusade was a recruiting coup but little else: Kings now commanded the Latin armies. The objective, however, was gauzy. The Greeks, who had invited the First Crusade to secure the eastern borders of Byzantium, were wary of a second wave of large European armies. Manuel I hurried, first Konrad and then Louis, across the Bosporus into Anatolia. The German contingent soon turned for home, victims of the inhospitable climate and bellicose inhabitants. The French fared little better. Leaving Konrad in Ephesus, Louis was harassed all the way to Adalia where his reduced force sailed for Antioch. Once in the Holy Land, Louis quarreled with the Prince of Antioch, who rightly considered Aleppo as the pressing strategic objective. Louis joined Konrad in Acre and they set their sights on Damascus. The city was subjected to a short-lived siege but quarreling (Thierry, Count of Flanders, was pushed as a candidate to rule of the city) and thirst (the army had shifted its position away from the Barada river) caused interest to wane. When Nur al-Din threatened to take the field, the crusaders decamped for home.
    Military 6 Jan 1148  Laodicea on the Lycus, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Mount Cadmos 
    • As Louis pushed his Crusaders east through Anatolia, he was attacked and punished by the Seljuks of Rum. "When his horse was killed, Louis managed to clamber up a steep outcrop of rocks and fend off his attackers with a sword." Badly used, the army eventually sailed into St. Simeon, Syria, 19 Mar 1148. Louis did not find Raymond, Prince of Antioch and uncle of his wife, to his liking and made his way to Jerusalem. Embarassed before the walls of Damascus, Louis' pilgrimage in the Holy Land ended ignominiously. [4]
    • "The battle that ensued was a desperate affair, in which Louis himself was nearly killed: he escaped a rush by Turkish attackers by scrambling up a rock covered in tree roots and battering back his assailants with his sword until they tired of the pursuit and rode away. He rejoined his men once night had fallen, having come to them 'in the silence of midnight, without a guide.' The French fatalities were considerable and the injury to their pride greater still; after a week skirting the enemy territory, they had fared nearly as badly as the Germans." [5]
    The Crusader States, 1165
    The Crusader States, 1165
    Died 18 Sep 1180  Saint-Pont, Allier Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7, 8
    Age: 60 
    Cause: Stroke 
    Buried Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I11991  Dickinson
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2017 

    Father Louis VI de France, King of the Franks,   b. 1 Dec 1081, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1137, Béthisy-Saint-Pierre, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Adelaide de Maurienne, Queen Consort of France,   b. Abt 1098, Savoy Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Nov 1154, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F2995  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Eleanor d'Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine,   b. Abt 1124, Château de Belin, Guienne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 80 years) 
    Married 25 Jul 1137  Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    Divorced 21 Mar 1152  Château de Beaugency, Beaugency, Loiret, Centre-Val de Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [14, 15, 16, 17
    • The marriage was annulled on grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. The synod of bishops convened at Beaugency Castle on 11 Mar 1152. The annulment was granted with papal approval on 21 March.
    Children 
    +1. Marie de France, Countess of Champagne,   b. 1145, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Mar 1198  (Age 53 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Alix de France, Countess of Blois,   b. 1150, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ca. 1197, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 23 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F2978  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Constanza de Castilla, Queen consort of France,   b. ca. 1138,   d. 6 Oct 1160  (Age ~ 22 years) 
    Married 1154  Cathedral of Sainte Croix, Orléans Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    Children 
    +1. Marguerite de France, Ctss de Vexin,   b. ca. 1157,   d. 1197, Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Alix de France, Countess Ponthieu,   b. 4 Oct 1160,   d. After Jan 1213  (Age 52 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 10 Jun 2015 
    Family ID F4006  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Alix de Blois, Queen Consort of France,   b. Abt 1145,   d. 4 Nov 1206  (Age ~ 61 years) 
    Married 13 Nov 1160  [19, 20
    Children 
    +1. Philippe II de France, King of France,   b. 22 Aug 1165, Gonesse, Val d’Oise, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jul 1223, Mantes, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years)  [Birth]
     2. Agnés-Anna de France, Byzantine Empress,   b. ca. 1171,   d. After 1240  (Age ~ 70 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 25 Sep 2017 
    Family ID F3062  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#LouisVIIdied1180B.

    2. [S419] God's Wolf: The Life Of The Most Notorious Of All Crusaders, Reynald de Chatillon, Jeffrey Lee, (London: Atlantic Books, 2016), 29.

    3. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 207.

    4. [S419] God's Wolf: The Life Of The Most Notorious Of All Crusaders, Reynald de Chatillon, Jeffrey Lee, (London: Atlantic Books, 2016), 46-57, quote from 47.

    5. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 79.

    6. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 65.

    7. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 130.

    8. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 146.

    9. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 60.

    10. [S23] The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2012), 31.

    11. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 206.

    12. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 75.

    13. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 25-26.
      "They had been married in 1137 when her father, Duke William X of Aquitaine, had died suddenly, and without sons, while on pilgrimage to Compestella. Eleanor's uncle Raymond, count of Tripoli, was ruler of one of the crusader states and too far away either to help her or to threaten to take her inheritance for himself. It was a sensible alliance for a fifteen-year-old old heiress deprived of her father's or an uncle's protection. Moreover contemporaries believed that, as a husband, Louis VII gave her love as well as protection. But as time went by the marriage turned sour."

    14. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 61.

    15. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 124.

    16. [S20] The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217, Richard Brooks, (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014), 42.
      Year only.

    17. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 76.

    18. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 140-141.

    19. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 259.

    20. [S336466] Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, John Bell Henneman, Jr., Lawrence Earp, William W. Kibler, Grover A. Zinn, (New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1995), "Champagne", 190.