Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln[1]

Male Abt 1192 - 1240  (~ 48 years)

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  • Name John de Lacy 
    Suffix Earl of Lincoln 
    Born Abt 1192 
    Gender Male 
    Political 15 Jun 1215  Runnymeade, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Surety, Magna Carta. 
    Magna Carta
    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta gives early expression to the doctrine that became the Rule of Law. It was occasioned by John's arbitrary and capricious abuse of the English nobility: predatory practices involving inheritances, military service, and hostage taking, as well as confiscatory taxation, fees and fines. With the debacle at Bouvines, England's barons were empowered to move. Broken, John sued for peace but then appealed his concessions to Rome. "As a political tool," writes historian Thomas Asbridge, "it was defunct within three months, and by the end of the year its terms were regarded null and void by all parties." The Greatest Knight, 332. The majority of the Barons declared for Prince Louis of France who, in turn, began deploying an Anglo-French military force. The Royalists, however, were able to prevail, greatly assisted by the death of John and the accession of his nine-year-old heir, Henry III.
    Possessions Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, West Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Title Halton Castle, Runcorn, Cheshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Baron of Halton Castle 
    Title Forest of Bowland, Lancashire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Lord of Bowland 
    Died 22 Jul 1240 
    Buried Whalley, Lancashire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 31, "Lacy, John de" by Charles Lethbridge Kingsford

      LACY, JOHN de, first Earl of Lincoln of the Lacy family (d. 1240), was son of Roger de Lacy, second earl [q. v.], by Maud de Clere. He was probably a minor at the time of his father's death in January 1212, as he did not receive full livery till September l213, when, although apart of the fine was remitted, his castles of Pontefract and Donington were still retained in the king's hands. Donington was restored in July 1214, Lacy giving hostages for his good conduct (Cal. Rot. Claus. i. 151, 167, 169). In 1215 he was one of the confederate barons, and was among the twenty-five appointed to see to the observance of the Great Charter. Afterwards he appears for a time to have gone over to the king, for on 1 Jan. 1216 he received the royal pardon, and his lands were restored, and in August he received letters of protection (Hardy, Cal. Rot. Pat. pp. 162, 176, 179, 180). Nevertheless he had been excommunicated by Innocent III with the other barons, and his fortress of Donington was destroyed by order of the king (Matt. Paris, ii. 639, 643). In September 1216 his land at Navesby, Nottinghamshire, was entrusted to Ernald de Ambleville, but he was finally pardoned and his lands restored in August 1217 (Cal. Rot. Claus. i. 289, 318, 339). In 1218 he went on the crusade with Earl Randulf of Chester [see Blundevill, Randulf De], and was present at the siege of Damietta (Matt. Paris, iii. 41); he had taken the cross as early as March 1215 (Gervase of Canterbury, ii. 109). After his return to England, about August 1220, he joined with Earl Randulf in his opposition to the king's government, but submitted at the same time as his leader, and surrendered his castles. In September 1227 he was sent on an embassy to Antwerp(Foedera,i. 187), and on 6 Sept. 1230 was a commissioner to treat for a truce with France. After the death of Earl Randulf, Lacy was made Earl of Lincoln on 22 Nov. 1232, in right of his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert de Quincy, and Hawise, countess of Lincoln, a sister of Earl Randulf. In 1233 he at first supported Richard Marshal, earl of Pembroke [q. v.], in his opposition to Peter des Roches, but was eventually won over by a bribe of a thousand marks from the bishop. His followers in Ireland refused to submit to Gilbert Marshal (Ann. Mon. i. 91). In 1236 Lincoln appears as one of the witnesses to the confirmation of the charters, and at the queen's coronation attended as constable of Chester. On 20 Nov. 1237 he was one of those who were sent by the king to the legate Otto and the council at St. Paul's to forbid them from taking any action. Lincoln had by this time attached himself completely to the court party, and he is mentioned in this year along with Simon de Montfort as one of the king's unpopular counsellors (Matt. Paris, iii. 412). He used his position to secure the marriage of his daughter Maud to Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, and his influence over the king was so great that Earl Richard of Cornwall made it a subject of reproach against his brother. Lincoln, however, made his peace with Earl Richard by means of prayers and presents. He died on 22 July 1240, and was buried at Stanlaw Abbey, Cheshire, of which he, like his father, had been a great benefactor; Dugdale gives two epitaphs (Mon. Angl. v. 648). Lincoln had acted as a justice itinerant in Lincolnshire and Lancashire in 1226, and in the former county in 1233, and was sheriff of Cheshire in 1237 and 1240. He was twice married: first, to Alice, daughter of Gilbert de l'Aigle; and, secondly, before 21 June 1221, to Margaret de Quincy (Cal. Rot. Claus. i. 462), who after his death married Walter Marshal, earl of Pembroke, in 1241. By his second wife he left a son Edmund (b. 1227) and two daughters. It is sometimes said that Edmund was never Earl of Lincoln, but he is so styled on 5 Sept. 1255. Edmund married, in May 1247, Alicia, elder daughter of Manfred III, marquis of Saluzzo, and died on 21 July 1257, leaving an only son Henry, third earl of Lincoln [q. v.]

      [Matthew Paris; Annales Monastici (both in Rolls Ser.); Monasticon Anglicanum, v. 534, 647-648; Dugdale's Baronage, i. 101-2; Doyle's Official Baronage, ii. 373; Foss's Judges of England, ii. 379-80.]
    Person ID I11857  Dickinson
    Last Modified 23 Jul 2018 

    Father Roger FitzJohn de Lacy, Constable of Chester,   d. 1211 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Matilda de Clare 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F3350  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln,   b. Bef 1208,   d. Mar 1266, Hampstead, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years) 
    Married 1221 
    +1. Matilda de Lacy, Countess of Gloucester and Hertford,   d. Abt 1289  [Birth]
    +2. Edmund de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln,   b. 1230,   d. 2 Jun 1258  (Age 28 years)  [Birth]
     3. Margaret de Lacy,   d. Aft 1273  [Birth]
    Last Modified 18 Jun 2014 
    Family ID F3349  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - Surety, Magna Carta. - 15 Jun 1215 - Runnymeade, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - - Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, West Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Baron of Halton Castle - - Halton Castle, Runcorn, Cheshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Lord of Bowland - - Forest of Bowland, Lancashire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Whalley, Lancashire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at, 20XX),

    2. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 31, 380.