Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Guy de Bourgogne, Pope Callixtus II

Guy de Bourgogne, Pope Callixtus II[1, 2]

Male Abt 1060 - 1124  (~ 64 years)

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  • Name Guy de Bourgogne 
    Suffix Pope Callixtus II 
    Born Abt 1060  Château de Quingey, Quingey, Franche-Comté, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Dec 1124  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Calixtus II. (d. 1124), pope from 1119 to 1124, was Guido, a member of a noble Burgundian family, who became archbishop of Vienne about 1088, and belonged to the party which favoured reform in the Church. In September 1112, after Pope Paschal II. had made a surrender to the emperor Henry V., Guido called a council at Vienne, which declared against lay investiture, and excommunicated Henry. In February 1119 he was chosen pope at Cluny in succession to Gelasius II., and in opposition to the anti-pope Gregory VIII., who was in Rome. Soon after his consecration he opened negotiations with the emperor with a view to settling the dispute over investiture. Terms of peace were arranged, but at the last moment difficulties arose and the treaty was abandoned; and in October 1119 both emperor and anti-pope were excommunicated at a synod held at Reims. The journey of Calixtus to Rome early in 1120 was a triumphal march. He was received with great enthusiasm in the city, while Gregory, having fled to Sutri, was delivered into his hands and treated with great ignominy. Through the efforts of some German princes negotiations between pope and emperor were renewed, and the important Concordat of Worms made in September 1122 was the result. This treaty, made possible by concessions on either side, settled the investiture controversy, and was confirmed by the Lateran council of March 1123. During his short reign Calixtus strengthened the authority of the papacy in southern Italy by military expeditions, and restored several buildings within the city of Rome. During preparations for a crusade he died in Rome on the 13th or 14th of December 1124.

      See M. Maurer, Pabst Calixt II. (Munich, 1889); U. Robert, Histoire du pape Calixte II. (Paris, 1891) ; and A. Hauck's Realencyklopädie, Band iii. (Leipzig, 1897).

      [3]
    Person ID I11586  Dickinson
    Last Modified 8 Aug 2017 

    Father Guillaume de Bourgogne, Comte de Bourgogne et de Mâcon,   b. Abt 1024,   d. 12 Nov 1087, Besançon, Franche-Comté, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Etiennette,   b. ca. 1035,   d. After 19 Oct 1088  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F3257  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1060 - Château de Quingey, Quingey, Franche-Comté, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Dec 1124 - Rome, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Rome, Italy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Histories
    Divines
    Divines

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), "GUY de Bourgogne (Château de Quingey [1060]-Rome 13 Dec 1124, bur Rome Lateran Church)" at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BURGUNDY%20Kingdom.htm#GuyBourgogneViennedied1124.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Pope Callixtus II" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Callixtus_II.

    3. [S398] Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Ed., (Cambridge: University of Cambridge, 1911), "Calixtus," vol. 5.