Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester[1]

Male - 1190


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  • Name Robert de Beaumont 
    Suffix 3rd Earl of Leicester 
    Nickname čs Blanchemains 
    Gender Male 
    Military Oct 1173  Farnham, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The War without Love 
    • In February 1273, Henry II pledged three castles to seal the marriage contract of five-year-old John to the daughter of Humber, Count of Maurienne. Henry the Young King found this the sort of paternal wire-pulling that, though crowned, kept him sidelined. Angry and frustrated, the Young King moved to sack his father. The King of France was all too happy to encourage his son-in-law when he came calling in Paris. Louis gathered a consortium of allies including Philip of Flanders, Matthew of Bolougne, and members of the Angevin household, the Queen and Richard and Geoffrey. But the Capetian war effort was half-hearted and disorganized and the Old King was practiced in the art of war, politics and especially travel. (Leicester, an ally of the Young King, landed a force of Flemish mercenaries at Walton, Suffolk, but was repulsed by Humphrey de Bohun and Richard de Lacy at Farnham. Robert and his wife were imprisoned at Falaise Castle.) A second invasion of England and the investment of Rouen were frustrated by the Old King's peripatetics. By July of 1174 the rebellion had fizzled. [2, 3]
    Possessions Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Possessions Montsorrel Castle, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Possessions Groby Castle, Leiscester, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 31 Aug 1190  Durrės, Albania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Dyrrachium, Byzantia.
    • Beaumont died during the Third Crusade. Alternatively, his place of death is given as Acre, Palestine.
    Notes 
    • BEAUMONT, ROBERT de, Earl of Leicester (d. 1190), baronial leader, was son of Robert de Beaumont, earl of Leicester [q. v.], who died in 1168. He joined the rebellion against Henry II in favour of Prince Henry, which broke out in April 1173 (Ben. Abb. i. 45), and having obtained permission to visit Normandy, shut himself up in his castle of Bréteuil (R. Dic.) His English fiefs were confiscated in consequence, and an army sent against his town of Leicester, which was taken and burnt (28 July), with the exception of the castle, after a siege of three weeks (ib.) Henry II himself marched on Bréteuil, 8 Aug., and (the earl having fled before him) captured and burnt the place on 25-6 Sept. 1173. The earl is said to have been present at Gisors during the fruitless negotiations between the two kings, and to have upbraided Henry with his grievous losses. But this seems incompatible with the fact that he landed from Flanders, at Walton, Suffolk, 29 Sept. 1173, at the head of a force of Flemings (R. Dic.), and having been joined by Hugh (Bigod), earl of Norfolk, plundered Norwich, and besieged and took the castle of Hagenet on 13 Oct. Setting out for Leicester, he was intercepted at Fornham, near Bury St. Edmunds, by Richard de Luci and other supporters of the king (17 Oct.), and taken prisoner, with his wife (Rog. Hov. ii. 54-5). They were sent over to Henry (Rot. Pip.) and imprisoned by him at Falaise, till his return to England, 8 July 1174, when he brought them with him (Rog. Hov. ii. 54-5). Meanwhile the earl's castellan had broken forth from Leichester, and ravaged the country round, and Henry now (31 July 1174) extorted the surrender of his castles, Leicester, Mountsorrel, and Groby (ib. ii. 65). The king took his prisoners back with him to Normandy on 8 August, but by the treaty with Louis on 30 Sept. 1174 the earl's liberation was provided for (ib.) His castle of Leicester was, however, demolished (R. Dic. i. 404), and it was not till January 1177 that in the council of Northampton he was restored in blood and honours (ib. ii. 118), and his castles (except Mountsorrel) returned to him. He accompanied the king to Normandy in the summer, but is not again heard of till the spring of 1183, when, with the earl of Gloucester, he was arrested and imprisoned. He was, however, in attendance on the king at Christmas 1186, when he kept his court at Guildford, and on the accession of Richard (July 1189) he was completely reinstated (ib. iii. 5) and appointed at the coronation, 3 Sept. 1189, to carry one of the swords of state (ib. iii. 9). He appears as attesting a charter to the monks of Canterbury, 1 Dec. 1189 (Gervase, i. 503), but then went on pilgrimage to Palestine, and died in Greece, on his way back, 1190 (ib. iii. 88). This earl was known as Robert (čs) Blanchesmains. Copies of his charters to his burgesses of Leicester will be found on pp. 36 and 44 of Mr. Thompson's 'Essay on Municipal History.' He married Petronilla ('Parnel'), heiress of the house of Grantmesnil, who is said to have brought him the honour of Hinckley (Leicester), but it is possible that he may have inherited it from his grandfather. His son and heir Robert (Fitz-Parnel) was invested with the earldom of Leicester by Richard at Messina, early in 1191 (Rog. Hov.), and having distinguished himself in the crusade and been subsequently captured by the king of France in 1193, while defending Rouen for Richard, and liberated in 1196, died childless in 1204. Of this Robert's two younger brothers, Roger was made bishop of St. Andrew's in Scotland, 1189, and William (founder of St. Leonard's at Leicester) was a leper. The great inheritance of the earls of Leicester consequently passed, through his two sisters, to the houses of de Montfort and de Quenci.

      [Roger Hoveden (Rolls series); R. Diceto (ib.); Dugdale's Baronage, i. 87; Nichols's History of Leicester, pp. 69-90; Thompson's History of Leicester (chap, vii.) and Essay on Municipal History; Eyton's Court and Itinerary of Henry II.]

      J. H. R. [4]
    Person ID I11493  Dickinson
    Last Modified 24 Nov 2017 

    Father Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester, Justiciar of England ,   b. 1104,   d. 5 Apr 1168, Brackley, Northamptonshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Amice de Gaėl, Countess of Leicester,   d. ca. 1168 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F3224  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Petronilla de Grandmesnil, Countess of Leicester,   d. 1 Apr 1212 
    Children 
     1. Robert de Breteuil, 4th Earl of Leicester,   d. Oct 1204  [Birth]
     2. William de Breteuil,   d. 1190  [Birth]
     3. Roger de Breteuil,   d. Aft 1198  [Birth]
    +4. Amice of Leicester,   d. Sep 1215  [Birth]
    +5. Margaret of Leicester, Countess Winchester,   b. Bef 1172,   d. Feb 1235  (Age ~ 63 years)  [Birth]
     6. Havise of Leicester  [Birth]
     7. Pernelle of Leicester  [Birth]
    Last Modified 26 May 2014 
    Family ID F3225  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - The War without Love - Oct 1173 - Farnham, Surrey, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - - Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - - Montsorrel Castle, Leicestershire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - - Groby Castle, Leiscester, Leicestershire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 31 Aug 1190 - Durrės, Albania Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#RobertBeaumontLeicesterdied1190.

    2. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), Chapter 13, "Beware of Your Wife and Sons".

    3. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 41ff.

    4. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 4, 67 [John Horace Round].