Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

William of Scotland, King of Scotland

William of Scotland, King of Scotland[1, 2]

Male 1142 - 1214  (~ 72 years)

Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name William of Scotland 
    Arms of Scotland
    Arms of Scotland
    Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland used from the 12th century to 1603. Used by the Kings of Scots up until the Union of the Crowns in 1603 under King James VI & I, of Scotland and England.
    Suffix King of Scotland 
    Nickname The Lion 
    Born ca. 1142  Huntingdon Castle, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Title 24 Dec 1165  Scone Abbey, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Coronation, king of Scotland. 
    Military 13 Jul 1174  Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Alnwick 
    • The Battle of Alnwick was fought in the "War without Love," a revolt staged by by Henry the Young King against his father, Henry II. The Scots, allies with the Young King, opened a front against Henry in Northumbia but were surprised at Alnwick by Ranulf de Glanville. William was taken prisoner. The Treaty of Falaise, which surrendered Scottish sovereignty to Henry, was signed in December.
    Political 5 Dec 1189  Canterbury, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Quitclaim of Canterbury 
    • On 5 Dec 1189, King Richard I rescinded the Treaty of Falaise and recognized Scottish independence at the cost of 10,000 marks. "[T]he Quit-claim not only helped pay for Richard's crusade, it also ensured that when John rebelled in 1193-4 the Scots did not invade England. Indeed King William even made a substantial contribution to Richard's ransom." [4]
    Died 4 Dec 1214  Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Stirling Castle
    Stirling Castle
    Buried Arbroath Abbey, Arbroath, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I11484  Dickinson
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2017 

    Father Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland,   b. ca. 1114, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Jun 1152, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Ada de Warenne,   d. 1178 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1139 
    Family ID F837  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Ermengarde de Beaumont, Queen consort of Scotland,   d. 11 Feb ca. 1233 
    Married 5 Sep 1186  Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
    +1. Margaret of Scotland, Countess of Kent,   b. 1193,   d. 1259  (Age 66 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Alexander II of Scotland, King of Scotland,   b. 24 Aug 1198, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1249, Isle of Kerrera, Bay of Oban, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)  [Birth]
     3. Isabel of Scotland, Countess of Norfolk,   d. After 1253  [Birth]
     4. Marjory of Scotland, Countess of Pembroke,   d. 17 Nov 1244  [Birth]
    Last Modified 19 May 2015 
    Family ID F4529  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ca. 1142 - Huntingdon Castle, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Coronation, king of Scotland. - 24 Dec 1165 - Scone Abbey, Perthshire, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Battle of Alnwick - 13 Jul 1174 - Alnwick, Northumberland, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 5 Sep 1186 - Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - Quitclaim of Canterbury - 5 Dec 1189 - Canterbury, Kent Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 4 Dec 1214 - Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Arbroath Abbey, Arbroath, Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm#WilliamIdied1214B.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "William the Lion" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_the_Lion.

    3. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 301.

    4. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 113.