Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hereford, 5th Earl of Gloucester

Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hereford, 5th Earl of Gloucester [1]

Male Abt 1180 - 1230  (~ 50 years)

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  • Name Gilbert de Clare 
    Arms de Clare
    Arms de Clare
    Suffix 4th Earl of Hereford, 5th Earl of Gloucester  
    Born Abt 1180 
    Gender Male 
    Political 15 Jun 1215  Runnymeade, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Surety, Magna Carta 
    Magna Carta
    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta gives early expression to the doctrine that became the Rule of Law. It was occasioned by John's arbitrary and capricious abuse of the English nobility: predatory practices involving inheritances, military service, and hostage taking, as well as confiscatory taxation, fees and fines. With the debacle at Bouvines, England's barons were empowered to move. Broken, John sued for peace but then appealed his concessions to Rome. "As a political tool," writes historian Thomas Asbridge, "it was defunct within three months, and by the end of the year its terms were regarded null and void by all parties." The Greatest Knight, 332. The majority of the Barons declared for Prince Louis of France who, in turn, began deploying an Anglo-French military force. The Royalists, however, were able to prevail, greatly assisted by the death of John and the accession of his nine-year-old heir, Henry III.
    Died 25 Oct 1230  Penros, Brittany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • CLARE, GILBERT de, seventh Earl of Clare, fifth Earl of Hertford, and sixth Earl of Gloucester (d. 1230), was the son of Richard, sixth earl of Clare and Hertford (d. 1217?), by his wife Amicia, one of the three coheiresses of William, earl of Gloucester. On the death of his mother and the failure of issue to her two sisters, Mabel and Isabella (the divorced wife of King John, afterwards married to Geoffrey de Mandevil and Hubert de Burgh), he succeeded to the vast Gloucester estates apparently in the year 1217 (Annals of Margam, p. 33). He also inherited the estates of his grandmother, Maud de St. Hilary, and a moiety of the honour of Giffard from his father, who had been confirmed in this possession by Richard I as one of the coheirs of his ancestress, Rohais, daughter of Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham (Clark, Land of Morgan, p. 332; Marsh, Chepstow Castle, p. 78). According to Dugdale his father died in 1206; but this is evidently a mistake, as both Richard, earl of Clare, and his son Gilbert appear in the patent rolls of 14 John (ed. Hardy, p. 192); while the Earl of Clare and Gilbert de Clare are to be found among the twenty-five barons appointed to carry out the great charter in June 1215, and were both excommunicated by Innocent III in the beginning of 1216 (Matt. Paris, ii. 605, 643). After the death of John he sided with the dauphin, and is said to have been taken prisoner at the battle of Lincoln by William Marshall, the earl of Pembroke, who married him to his daughter Isabella (Walsingham, Ypod. Neust. p. 137) on St. Denis's day, 9 Oct. 1217 (Annals of Margam, p. 33). In February 1225 he was present at the confirmation of the great charter at Westminster (Burton Annals, i. 232). Two years later we find him taking the part of Richard, earl of Cornwall, in his quarrel with the king, demanding a renewal of the forest acts and ascribing all the faults of the government to Hubert de Burgh (Matt. Paris, iii. 124; cf. Walter of Coventry, ii. 261, sub anno 1225). About May 1230 he appears to have attended Henry III abroad on his expedition to Brittany; but died in ipso reditu, at Penros in that duchy, 25 Oct. 1230 (Tewkesbury Annals, p. 76; Waverley Annals, p. 308). He seems to have made his first will before starting on this campaign, 30 April 1230, at Suwik-super-Mare; his second, just before his death, on 23 Oct. His body was conveyed to Plymouth, and thence, by way of Cranborne, to Tewkesbury, where he was buried before the great altar on the Sunday following St. Martin's day, in the presence of an innumerable concourse (Tewkes. Ann. p. 76). To Tewkesbury Abbey he was a great benefactor in his lifetime, and bequeathed it a silver cross and the wood of Mutha (ib. pp. 74, 76). His widow Isabella set up a memorial stone 28 Sept. 1231. In the course of the same year she married Richard, earl of Cornwall (ib. pp. 38, 78). Clare was engaged in many Welsh expeditions. He is found fortifying Builth Castle in 12 John. In 1228 he set out with a great army against the Welsh, on which occasion we read that he found silver, iron, and lead (ib. p. 70). The same year he captured Morgan Cam and sent him prisoner to England (Marg. Ann. i. 36); but a little later released him for hostages. Clare had three sons by his wife Isabella: (1) Richard, [see Clare, Richard de, 1222-1262]; (2) William; and (3) Gilbert; and three daughters: (1) Amicia (b. about 1220), who in October 1226 was betrothed to Baldwin de Redvers (Clark, p. 335); (2) Agnes; and (3) Isabel (b. 2 Nov. 1226), who married Robert de Bruce of Annandale (ib.). His widow, Isabel, died 17 Jan. 1239-40, and was buried at Beaulieu. Her heart, however, was brought to Tewkesbury by the prior in a silver-gilt casket (cuppa) and interred before the great altar (Tewkes. Ann., pp. 113-14).

      [The Land of Morgan, by G. T. Clark, in ArchŠological Journal (1878), xxxv. 332-8; Marsh's Annals of Chepstow Castle; Annals of Margam, Tewkesbury, Burton, and Waverley in vols. i. and ii. of Annales Monastici, ed. Luard (Rolls Series); Matthew Paris, ed. Luard (Rolls Series); Walsingham's Ypodigma NeustriŠ, ed. Riley (Rolls Series); Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i.; Patent Rolls (John), ed. Hardy (1835); Close Rolls, ed. Hardy (1833), i. 606; Walter of Coventry, ed. Stubbs (Rolls Series).]

      T. A. A. [2]
    Person ID I11366  Dickinson
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2017 

    Father Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hereford,   d. 1217, Clare, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Amice of Gloucester, Countess of Gloucester,   d. 1 Jan 1225 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1180 
    Family ID F3043  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabel Marshal, Countess of Hertford and Gloucester ,   b. 9 Oct 1200, Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jan 1240, Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married Abt 1214 
    Children 
     1. Amice de Clare,   b. 1220,   d. Bef 21 Jan 1284  (Age 64 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 6th Earl of Glouchester,   b. 4 Aug 1222, Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jul 1262, Ashenfield Manor, Waltham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Isabel de Clare, Lady Annandale,   b. 2 Nov 1226,   d. Aft 10 Jul 1264  (Age 37 years)  [Birth]
     4. William de Clare,   b. 18 May 1228,   d. Jul 1258  (Age 30 years)  [Birth]
     5. Gilbert de Clare,   b. 12 Sep 1229,   d. Aft 1244  (Age 15 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 24 Jun 2014 
    Family ID F3011  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsPolitical - Surety, Magna Carta - 15 Jun 1215 - Runnymeade, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Oct 1230 - Penros, Brittany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#GilbertHertford4died1230.

    2. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 10, 378 [Thomas Andrew Archer].