Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall

Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall[1, 2]

Male 1209 - 1272  (63 years)

Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Richard of Cornwall 
    Arms of Richard of Cornwall
    Arms of Richard of Cornwall
    Suffix Earl of Cornwall 
    Born 5 Jan 1209  Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Military Summer 1240 - 1242  Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6
    Barons' Crusade 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Died 2 Apr 1272  Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I11257  Dickinson
    Last Modified 13 Nov 2017 

    Father John I, King of England,   b. 24 Dec 1166, The Tower of London, Tower Hamlets, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Isabella d'Angoulême, Queen Consort of England,   b. ca. 1187, Angoulême, Angoumois, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1246, Fontevraud, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 24 Aug 1200  Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [10, 11, 12
    • Isabella had been betrothed to Hugh de Luisignan and so the marriage to John caused an immediate rift in Aquitaine but more importantly was duly protested to King Philip (who had encouraged John to marry the girl). When summoned, John prevaricated. Philip, in turn, received homage from Arthur of Brittany for John's Angevin possessions and claimed Normandy for his own.
    • "[John] was married already, and his new queen hardly of age, but time and the Church could resolve those difficulties. More seriously, Isabel was promised to Hugh the Brown, Count of la Marche, and one of the Lusignan clan, the Angevin's deadliest enemies south of the Loire. Not only did John abduct and marry his enemy's wife, he offered him crooked justice, hiring professional champions to resolve the issue by judicial combat." [7]
    • "John chose to marry Isabella for political reasons, and those reasons had much to do with the trouble he was having in securing his hold over his inheritance and the problems he was encountering in the heartlands of his Angevin realm. The city of Angoulême was perched on a rocky spur overlooking the River Charente, which exited the Atlantic at the port of La Rochelle, crucial for John's control of Poitou. Angoulême itself was a nodal point for many roads, and as such was of great tactical importance. Bringing the count of Angoulême on his side by marrying his daughter and only surviving child, and, therefore, his heir, made good strategic sense for John, and since she came with a dowry, he stood to gain territorially before his father-in-law died, too." [8]
    • 5 children were produced by this union. [9]
    Family ID F2961  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Isabel Marshal, Countess of Hertford and Gloucester ,   b. 9 Oct 1200, Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jan 1240, Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married 30 Mar 1231  Fawley, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    Children 
     1. John of Cornwall,   b. 31 Jan 1232, Marlow, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 or 23 Sep 1232, Marlow, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)  [Birth]
     2. Isabella of Cornwall,   b. Sep 1233, Marlow, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Oct 1234, Marlow, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 1 years)  [Birth]
     3. Henry of Almain,   b. Nov 1235, Haughley Castle, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Mar 1271, Viterbo, Lazio, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 4 May 2015 
    Family ID F3029  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Sancha de Provence, Ctss of Cornwall,   b. 1225, Aix-en-Provence, Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 or 9 Nov 1261, Berkhamstead Castle, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years) 
    Married 22 Nov 1243  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Richard of Cornwall,   b. Jul 1246, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1246, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)  [Birth]
     2. Edmund of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall,   b. 26 Dec 1249, Berkhamsted Castle, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep or Oct 1300, Ashridge Abbey, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)  [Birth]
     3. Richard of Cornwall,   b. 1252,   d. 31 Mar 1296, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 4 May 2015 
    Family ID F4497  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Beatrix von Falkenburg,   d. 17 Oct 1277, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 16 Jun 1269  Stiftskirche, Kaiserslautern, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 13 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F6171  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Jeanne de Valletort 
    Married
    • Mistress
    Children 
     1. Richard of Cornwall,   d. After 1280  [Birth]
    Last Modified 13 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F6172  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 5 Jan 1209 - Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 30 Mar 1231 - Fawley, Buckinghamshire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Barons' Crusade - Summer 1240 - 1242 - Palestine Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 22 Nov 1243 - Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 16 Jun 1269 - Stiftskirche, Kaiserslautern, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 2 Apr 1272 - Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL1.htm#Richarddied1272B.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall," at http://bit.ly/2hwdma2.
      "Richard of Cornwall (5 January 1209 - 2 April 1272), second son of King John, was Count of Poitou (1225-1243), 1st Earl of Cornwall (from 1225) and German King (formally "King of the Romans") (from 1257). He was one of the wealthiest men in Europe and joined the Barons' Crusade, where he achieved success as a negotiator for the release of prisoners and assisted with the building of the citadel in Ascalon."

    3. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 152.

    4. [S157] A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the Forging of Britain, Marc Morris, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2015), 12-13.

    5. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 573.

    6. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 236.

    7. [S20] The Knight Who Saved England: William Marshal and the French Invasion, 1217, Richard Brooks, (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014), 56.

    8. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 85-94, quoting 87-8.

    9. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 69-72.

    10. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 68.

    11. [S154] The Demon's Brood: A History of the Plantagenet Dynasty, Desmond Seward, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 46.

    12. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 272.

    13. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LATIN%20LORDSHIPS%20IN%20GREECE.htm#GauthierBriennedied1311B.