Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Fulk V d'Anjou, Comte d'Anjou, King of Jerusalem

Fulk V d'Anjou, Comte d'Anjou, King of Jerusalem[1]

Male Abt 1092 - 1144  (~ 52 years)

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  • Name Fulk V d'Anjou 
    Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Suffix Comte d'Anjou, King of Jerusalem 
    Born Abt 1092  Angers, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Military 1128  [2
    Fulk took the cross. 
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Title 14 Sep 1131  Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    King of Jerusalem  
    Died 13 Nov 1144  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    Notes 
    • "Fulk V, Count of Anjou from 1109, was by his first wife, Aremburga, heiress of Maine, the father of Count Geoffrey the Fair. Fulk 'led an honorable life, ruling his territory wisely.' He was 'an upright and virtuous man of orthodox faith [who] achieved a glorious and excellent reputation that was second to none.' According to William of Tyre, Fulk was 'a ruddy man, faithful and gentle, affable and kind, a powerful prince, and very successful ruling his people; an experienced warrior full of patience and wisdom in military affairs.'"
      [4]
    • FULK, king of Jerusalem (b. 1092), was the son of Fulk IV., count of Anjou, and his wife Bertrada (who ultimately deserted her husband and became the mistress of Philip I. of France). He became count of Anjou in 1109, and considerably added to the prestige of his house. In particular he showed himself a doughty opponent to Henry I. of England, against whom he continually supported Louis VI. of France, until in 1127 Henry won him over by betrothing his daughter Matilda to Fulk's son Geoffrey Plantagenet. Already in 1120 Fulk had visited the Holy Land, and become a close friend of the Templars. On his return he assigned to the. order of the Templars an annual subsidy, while he also maintained two knights in the Holy Land for a year. In 1128 he was preparing to return to the East, when he received an embassy from Baldwin II., king of Jerusalem, who had no male heir to succeed him, offering his daughter Melislnda in marriage, with the right of eventual succession to the kingdom. Fulk readily accepted the offer; and in 1129 he came and was married to Melisinda, receiving the towns of Acre and Tyre as her dower. In , at the age of thirty-nine, he became king of Jerusalem. His reign is not marked by any considerable events: the kingdom which had reached its zenith under Baldwin II., and did not begin to decline till the capture of Edessa in the reign of Baldwin III., was quietly prosperous under his rule. In the beginning of his reign he had to act as regent of Antioch, and to provide a husband, Raymund of Poitou, for the infant heiress Constance. But the great problem with which he had to deal was the progress of the atabeg Zengi of Mosul. In he was beaten near Barin, and escaping into the fort was surrounded and forced to capitulate. A little later, however, he greatly improved his position by strengthening his alliance with the vizier of Damascus, who also had to fear the progress of Zengi (o); and in this way he was able to capture the fort of Banias, to the N. of Lake Tiberias. Fulk also strengthened the kingdom on the south; while his butler, Paganus,' planted the fortress of Krak to the south of the Dead Sea, and helped to give the kingdom an access towards the Red Sea, he himself constructed Blanche Garde and other forts on the S.W. to overawe the garrison of Ascalon, which was still held by the Mahommedans, and to clear the road towards Egypt. Twice in Fulk's reign the eastern emperor, John Comnenus, appeared in northern Syria (t and ); but his coming did not affect the king, who was able to decline politely a visit which the emperor proposed to make to Jerusalem. In x he died, leaving two sons, who both became kings, as Baldwin III. and Amalric I. Fulk continued the tradition of good statesmanship and sound churchmanship which.Baldwin I. and Baldwin II. had begun. William of Tyre speaks of him as a fine soldier, an able politician, and a good son of the church, and only blames him for partiality to his friends, and a forgetfulness of names and faces, which placed him at a disadvantage and made him too dependent on his immediate intimates. Little, perhaps, need be made of these censures: the real fault of Fulk was his neglect to envisage the needs of the northern principalities, and to head a combined resistance to the rising power of Zengi of Mosul.

      His reign in Jerusalem is narrated by R. R6hricht (Geschichte des KSnigreichs Jerusalem, Innsbruck, ), and has been made the subject of a monograph by G. Dodu (De Fulconis Hierosolymitani regno, Paris, t894). (E. BR.) [5]
    Person ID I11149  Dickinson
    Last Modified 2 Nov 2017 

    Father Fulk IV de Château-Landon, Count d'Anjou,   b. 1043,   d. 14 Apr 1109  (Age 66 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Bertrade de Montfort, Queen Consort of the Franks,   b. Abt 1070,   d. Aft 1117  (Age ~ 48 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1089 
    Family ID F3155  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ermenburge du Maine, Ctss du Maine,   b. Abt 1096,   d. 14 Jan 1126  (Age ~ 30 years) 
    Married Abt 1109 
    Children 
     1. Alice-Matilda d'Anjou, Dss of Normandy,   b. Abt 1110, County of Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1154, Fontevraud, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Geoffrey V d'Anjou, Count of Anjou and Maine,   b. 24 Aug 1113, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep 1151, Château du Loire, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)  [Birth]
    +3. Sibylle d'Anjou, Countess of Flanders,   b. Between 1112 and 1116,   d. 1165, Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years)  [Birth]
     4. Helie d'Anjou, Comte du Maine,   d. 15 Jan 1151  [Birth]
    Last Modified 5 Sep 2017 
    Family ID F3152  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Melisende of Jerusalem, Queen of Jerusalem,   b. 1105, Sanlıurfa, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Sep 1161, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Married 1129  [3, 6
    Children 
     1. Baldwin III of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem,   b. 1130,   d. 10 Feb 1162, Beirut, Lebanon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Almaric I of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem,   b. 1136,   d. 11 Jul 1174, Jerusalem Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 2 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F463  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1092 - Angers, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - King of Jerusalem - 14 Sep 1131 - Jerusalem Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Nov 1144 - Acre, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/JERUSALEM.htm#FoulquesVAnjou and http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANJOU,%20MAINE.htm#FoulquesVdied1144B.

    2. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 41.

    3. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 173.

    4. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 111.

    5. [S398] Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Ed., (Cambridge: University of Cambridge, 1911), "Fulk, King of Jerusalem," 11:293.

    6. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 39-40.