Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Thomas Berkeley, 3d Baron Berkeley

Thomas Berkeley, 3d Baron Berkeley[1, 2, 3]

Male Abt 1293 - 1361  (~ 68 years)

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  • Name Thomas Berkeley 
    Berkeley Arms
    Berkeley Arms
    Arms of Berkeley
    Arms of Berkeley
    Gules, a chevron between 10 crosses patée argent, six in chief and four in base.
    Suffix 3d Baron Berkeley 
    Nickname "The Rich" 
    Born Abt 1293  Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Berkeley Castle
    Berkeley Castle
    Berkeley, Gloucestershire
    Gender Male 
    Military 23 - 24 Jun 1314  Bannockburn, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Bannockburn 
    • Berkeley, along with his father, was taken prisoner at the Battle of Bannockburn, the signal English defeat by Robert Bruce during the First Scottish War of Independence.
    Battle of Bannockburn
    Battle of Bannockburn
    24 Jun 1314 (Day 2)
    Died 27 Oct 1361  Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I11052  Dickinson
    Last Modified 5 Dec 2017 

    Father Maurice de Berkeley, 2d Baron Berkeley,   b. ca. Apr 1271, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1326, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Eve la Zouche 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1289  [7
    • Ian Mortimer identifies Maltravers as Thomas de Berkeley's brother-in-law. [5, 6]
    Family ID F2592  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret de Mortimer, Baroness Berkeley,   b. 2 May 1304,   d. 5 May 1337  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 1320  [9
    • "Afterwards, in May, Roger [de Mortimer] also probably attended the marriage of his eldest daughter Margaret with Thomas, the son and heir of Lord Berkeley, which secured an earlier alliance with an important lord of the Welsh Marches. Interestingly Berkeley and his adherent John Maltravers and Thomas Gurney had fallen out with the Earl of Pembroke [Aymer de Valence] at this time, and Berkeley's move towards Roger was a long-term political shift, not a mere interweaving of alliances but a vote of confidence in him as a leader." [8]
    Children 
    +1. Maurice "the Valiant" Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley,   b. Abt 1330, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1368, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years)  [Birth]
     2. Roger Berkeley  [Birth]
     3. Thomas Berkeley  [Birth]
     4. Alphonsus Berkeley  [Birth]
     5. Ione Berkeley  [Birth]
    Last Modified 31 May 2015 
    Family ID F3100  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1293 - Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Battle of Bannockburn - 23 - 24 Jun 1314 - Bannockburn, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 27 Oct 1361 - Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3.htm#ThomasBerkeleydied1361.

    2. [S6] The Berkeley Manuscripts: The Lives of the Berkeleys, John Smythe, ed., (Gloucester: John Bellows, 1882), vol. 1, 333f.

    3. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_de_Berkeley,_3rd_Baron_Berkeley.
      "In 1327 he was made joint custodian of the deposed King Edward II of England, whom he received at Berkeley Castle, but being commanded to deliver over the government to his fellow custodians, Lord Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gournay, he left there to go to Bradley with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended. As an accessory to the murder of the deposed king, he was tried by a jury of 12 knights in the 4th year of King Edward III of England, but was honourably acquitted."

    4. [S6] The Berkeley Manuscripts: The Lives of the Berkeleys, John Smythe, ed., (Gloucester: John Bellows, 1882), vol. 1, 357.

    5. [S163] The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, Ruler of England 1327-1330, Ian Mortimer, (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press, 2003), 173.
      "The two new custodians, Sir John Maltravers and Thomas, Lord Berkeley, were among [Robert de Mortimer's] closest political supporters. * * * Maltravers was close to Berkeley too, being married to his sister and having previously been in the retinue of the Earl of Pembroke with him." The name Ela or Eva comes from his biography in the National Dictionary of Biography.

    6. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., 36: 6-7.

    7. [S6] The Berkeley Manuscripts: The Lives of the Berkeleys, John Smythe, ed., (Gloucester: John Bellows, 1882), 1: 115.

    8. [S163] The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, Ruler of England 1327-1330, Ian Mortimer, (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press, 2003), 95.

    9. [S6] The Berkeley Manuscripts: The Lives of the Berkeleys, John Smythe, ed., (Gloucester: John Bellows, 1882), vol. 1, 345.