Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, KG

William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, KG[1, 2]

Male 1309 - 1360  (~ 51 years)

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  • Name William de Bohun 
    Arms of de Bohun
    Arms of de Bohun
    Suffix 1st Earl of Northampton, KG 
    Born ca. 1309  Caldicot Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Title 1337  [4
    Earl of Northampton 
    Military 24 Jun 1340  Sluis, Zeeland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Sluys
    Battle of Sluys
    English naval forces under the command Edward III defeated the numerically superior French who were chained together in a defensive position off the Flanders' coast. The victory, an opening conflict in the Hundred Years War, gave the English control of the Channel.
    Military 30 Sep 1342  Morlaix, Finistère, Brittany, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Commanded the English victory at the Battle of Morlaix during the Breton War of Succession. The battle is noted for the use of tactics (ditches and longbows) that would later be used at Crécy. 
    Military 26 Aug 1346  Crécy-en-Ponthieu, Somme, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of Crécy
    Battle of Crécy
    At Crécy, Edward III and his long-bowmen earned a signal victory over a numerically superior French force. Edward had the advantage of the high ground; moreover, the ground before him was terraced, a feature that forced the French cavalry to mass on Edward's right where his son was in command. Denied the ability to manuever, the numbers became a liability for the French. "[T]he majority were crushed to death," according to Geoffrey le Baker. The slaughter among the nobility was so great that Philip VI's ability to govern was materially impaired. English influence on the continent experienced a revival.
    Died 16 Sep 1360  [3
    Buried Walden Abbey, Saffron Walden, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • BOHUN, WILLIAM de, Earl of Northampton (d. 1360), was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun VIII [q. v.], fourth earl of Hereford, and Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward I, and was a distinguished soldier. He was probably born about 1310. He is said to have taken part with the young king, Edward III, in 1330, in the suppression of Mortimer. In 1337 upon the advancement of Edward, prince of Wales, to the duchy of Cornwall, William de Bohun was created earl of Northampton on 16 March, and received grants of the castle and manor of Stamford and lordship of Grantham, Lincolnshire, and the castles and manors of Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, and Okeham, Rutlandshire, in male tail. In the same year he was appointed one of the commissioners to treat with Philip of France on Edward's claim to the French crown, and subsequently a commissioner to treat with David Bruce. He took part in Edward's expedition which sailed for Antwerp in July 1388, and in 1340 was present at the naval victory of Sluys on 24 June. In 1342 he was appointed the king's lieutenant and captain-general in Brittany, and defeated the French at Morlaix and took La Roche Qarrien by assault, On the conclusion of a truce for three years he returned to England, and next year accompanied Henry, earl of Lancaster, into Scotland, marching to the relief of Loughmaben Castle, in Dumfriesshire, of which he was governor. He was again in Brittany at the close of the year, and again in 1345 and 1346; and took part in Edward's campaign the latter year, distinguishing himself in a skirmish on the Seine, and being present at the battle of Cressy on 26 August. During the next two years he continued to serve in France, and in 1349 was a commissioner for concluding a truce. In 1350 William de Bohun was appointed warden of the marches towards Scotland, and the next year was appointed to negotiate a peace with that kingdom. In 1352 he was conunissioner of the arrav of troops in Essex and Hertford to oposse the landing of the French. He was again in the north in 1353 and following years, and in 1355 served in the French campaign In 1356 he was commissioned to treat for the ransom of David Bruce, and in 1357-9 was abroad in Gascony. He died 16 Sept. 1360, and was buried at Walden in Essex.

      William de Bohun married Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, and widow of Edmund Mortimer. Hisson, Humphrey, succeeded him, and in 1361, as heir to his uncle Humphrey, earl of Hereford and Essex, united in his person the three earldoms of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton.

      [Chronicles of Walt, de Hemingburph and Thos. Walsingham ; Dugdale's Baronage, i. 185.]

      E. M. T. [6]
    Person ID I10994  Dickinson
    Last Modified 15 May 2018 

    Father Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Essex,   b. 1276,   d. 16 Mar 1322, Boroughbridge, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Countess of Hereford,   b. 7 Aug 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 14 Nov 1302  Westminster Palace, Westminster, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F3068  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton,   b. Abt 1313, Badlesmere, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1356  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Married 1335 
    Children 
    +1. Humphrey X de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, KG,   b. 24 Mar 1342,   d. 16 Jan 1373  (Age 30 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel and Surrey,   b. Abt 1350,   d. 3 Apr 1385  (Age ~ 35 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 8 Jun 2014 
    Family ID F3069  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#WilliamBohunNorthamptondied1360.

    2. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton" at http://bit.ly/2IGsWLO.

    3. [S162] Foundations Journal, (Vowchurch, UK: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy), Brad Verity, "The Children of Elizabeth, Countess of Hereford, Daughter of Edward I of England," 6: 3-10.

    4. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 62.

    5. [S518] The Black Prince: England's Greatest Medieval Warrior, Michael Jones, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018), 102.

    6. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 5, 310 [Edward Maunde Thompson].