Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Philippe II de France, King of France

Philippe II de France, King of France[1, 2, 3]

Male 1165 - 1223  (57 years)

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  • Name Philippe II de France 
    Royal Arms of France
    Royal Arms of France
    Suffix King of France 
    Nickname Augustus 
    Born 22 Aug 1165  Gonesse, Val d’Oise, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Gender Male 
    Title 1 Nov 1179  Reims, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Coronation as King of France 
    France, 1180
    France, 1180
    Military Autumn 1182 - Jun 1183  Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The Limousin Revolt  
    <i>Celebratur convivium coronacionis. Ministrat pater filio et se regem esse diffitetur.</i>
    Celebratur convivium coronacionis. Ministrat pater filio et se regem esse diffitetur.
    Tiring of the tournament and again chafing over his political irrelevance, the Young King saw an opportunity to take make his place by breaking with Richard; his opening was the simmering feud between his brother and the nobles of Limousin, trouble which had been sparked by the disputed succession to the County of Limoges in June 1181. Richard had bayed them relentlessly- and that with the assistance of Henry and the Old King- until bringing them to heel in July 1182. But sensing fresh opportunity, the Taillefers and and Angoulêmes sent overtures of fealty to the Young King. The bait was taken and war-footing against the Duke resumed. During Henry II's great Christmas court of 1182, Henry and Richard quarreled and, feigning reconciliation, Henry joined the rebels at Limoges while ostensibly bearing the Angevin olive branch. Richard responded with a series of lightening raids to prevent a concentration of forces and then invested Limoges. As for Henry II, he initially sat out the hostilities until an attempted parlay resulted in the felling of the king's horse. Thinking the arrow bolt was meant for him, the Old King was driven directly into the arms of Richard. The belligerents now declared for the Young King included King Philip of France, Geoffrey of Brittany, Duke Hugh of Burgundy, Count Raymond of Toulouse, Viscount Aimar V, and Geoffrey de Lusignan. (King Alfonso sided with the Old King and Henry as a check on Toulouse.) This impressive show of support, on the other hand, did not include funds and so Henry slipped out of Limoges to rob nearby abbeys in hopes that the proceeds would keep his mercenaries in the field. Richard's siege might have collapsed had Henry not fallen ill, succumbing finally to dysentery at Martel. With his death the rebellion collapsed. "Like the king in chess, the Young King had possessed very little power of his own, yet without him it was impossible to carry on the game." Gillingham, 75.
    Military 21 Jan 1188  Gisors, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Third Crusade  
    • Archbishop Joscius of Tyre preached the cross at Château de Gisors, "a rapturous sermon on the imperilled state of the Holy Land and the merits of the crusade...which prompted many other leading northern-French lords to join the expedition, including the counts of Flanders, Blois, Champagne and Dreux." [7]
    Crusaders
    Crusaders
    First (1095–1099); Second (1147–1149); Third or the Kings' Crusade (1189–1192); Forth (1202–1204); Fifth (1213–1221); Sixth (1228); Barons' (1239); Seventh (1248-1254); Eighth (1270); and Ninth (1271-1272).
    Arrival 20 Apr 1191  Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9
    Siege of Acre
    Siege of Acre
    The seige of Acre (August 28, 1189 to July 12, 1191) was the focal point of the Third Crusade. After his release by Saladin, King Guy of Jerusalem led an expedition from Tyre, stationing his meager force on the high ground of Mount Torn just outside the port city of Acre. From this small beginning Guy's numbers began to swell as the western contingents sailed in. Saladin squandered an opportunity to break the cordon on 4 Oct 1189 after a Latin advance lost formation to loot the Abuyyid camp. News of Barbarossa imminent approach then resulted in a cautious division of Abuyyid forces to meet the northern threat. With the arrival of Richard and Philip Augustus in the summer of 1191, the balance swung decisively in the favor the Latins. The city was surrendered, 12 Jul 1191. It would remain in Christian hands until overrun by the Mamluks, 18 May 1291.
    Departure 3 Aug 1191  Tyre, Lebanon Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Departure from the Levant for France. 
    • "Philip was going home a humiliated, and therefore dangerous man. He had been humiliated at Messina when Richard repudiated his sister, and now he had been humiliated again. Perhaps if 'all' his nobles had chosen to go back with him, it might not have been too bad. But only Peter of Nevers did; most, including the most famous knight among them, William des Barres, as well as the most powerful prince, the duke of Burgundy, chose to stay with the crusade." [10]
    Military 27 Jul 1214  Bouvines, Nord, Hauts-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    <i>Philippe II's victory at Bouvines</i>
    Philippe II's victory at Bouvines
    At Bouvines, Philip defeated John I's allied force of German, Flemish and English armies under the command of his nephew, Otto IV. (This was to be coordinated with the opening of a second front in Aquitaine by John.) This ended the king's efforts to recover his Angevin lands. As a military failure it cost John his remaining political capital at home.
    Died 14 Jul 1223  Mantes, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Expansion of Capetian Rule under Philip II
    Expansion of Capetian Rule under Philip II
    Philip II did not really come into his own until after the death of his rival, Richard I. The Lionheart's successor, John, was the last of Henry's spares. But John was no Richard. Philip immediately won significant symbolic and territorial concessions when John did homage and then began capitalizing on his skill at sowing discord within the ranks of the Angevins. (Geoffrey's son Arthur arguably was Richard's heir.) These concessions came back to haunt John as he fumbled away the support his own magnates. Unable to compete politically or militarily with Philip, John's departure from Normandy in 1203 effectively brought the Angevin empire to an end. Philip occupied Normandy and received the submission of Poitou shortly thereafter. Only the enclave at Gascony remained. The kingdom of France, on the other hand, could now lay claim to far more than the environs of Paris, a previously unparalleled breakthrough. The Plantagenets would not own a sizable stake on the continent until the French defeat at Agincourt in 1415.
    Buried Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I10981  Dickinson
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2017 

    Father Louis VII, King of the Franks,   b. 1120, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Sep 1180, Saint-Pont, Allier Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Alix de Blois, Queen Consort of France,   b. Abt 1145,   d. 4 Nov 1206  (Age ~ 61 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 13 Nov 1160  [11, 12
    Family ID F3062  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Isabelle de Hainaut,   b. 23 Apr 1170, Valenciennes, Nord, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1190, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 19 years) 
    Married 28 Apr 1180  Abbaye de la Sainte-Trinité, Bapaume, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Louis VIII de France, King of France,   b. 3 Sep 1187, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Montpensier-en-Auvergne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 1 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F3487  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Ingeborg of Denmark,   d. 1174, Corbeil, Essonne, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 14 Aug 1193  Notre-Dame dAmiens, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    • "Philip still harboured hopes of launching an invasion of England and to this end had entered negotiations for a marriage alliance with Denmark. On 15 August 1193 he married Ingeborg, the daughter of King Cnut VI. As a successor of the famous Cnut, the eleventh-century conqueror and king of England, Cnut VI possessed both a tenuous claim to the throne of England and a fleet. Philip was interested in both these assets but, unfortunately for Ingeborg, he had lost interest by the morning after the wedding. He repudiated his new wife and tried to return her to the custody of the Danish envoys who had escorted her to Franc. They refused to take her back and departed in haste, leaving Ingeborg to her fate. For years Philip was to endure the condemnation of the Church rather than have Ingeborg as his queen. His dream of a new Danish invasion of England had become a domestic nightmare." [13]
    Divorced 5 Nov 1193 
    • Annulled 5 Nov 1193, annulment declared illegal 13 Mar 1195, and remarried 1200.
    Last Modified 12 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F5930  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Agnes von Andechs-Merano, Queen consort of France,   b. ca. 1180,   d. Jul 1201, Château de Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 21 years) 
    Married 1 Jun 1196 
    Divorced 1200 
    Children 
     1. Marie de France, Ctss de Namur, Dcss de Brabant,   b. aft. 1197,   d. 15 Aug 1238  (Age ~ 40 years)  [Birth]
    +2. Philippe de France, Comte de Boulogne,   b. Jul 1200,   d. Jan 1234, Corbie, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 25 Aug 2017 
    Family ID F5931  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Aug 1165 - Gonesse, Val d’Oise, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTitle - Coronation as King of France - 1 Nov 1179 - Reims, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 28 Apr 1180 - Abbaye de la Sainte-Trinité, Bapaume, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - The Limousin Revolt - Autumn 1182 - Jun 1183 - Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Third Crusade - 21 Jan 1188 - Gisors, Normandy, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrival - 20 Apr 1191 - Acre, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeparture - Departure from the Levant for France. - 3 Aug 1191 - Tyre, Lebanon Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Aug 1193 - Notre-Dame dAmiens, Somme, Picardie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 27 Jul 1214 - Bouvines, Nord, Hauts-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 14 Jul 1223 - Mantes, Yvelines, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#PhilippeIIdied1223B.

    2. [S336466] Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, John Bell Henneman, Jr., Lawrence Earp, William W. Kibler, Grover A. Zinn, (New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1995), "Philip II Augustus," 726-7.

    3. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Philip II of France" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_II_of_France.

    4. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 277.

    5. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 26-7.

    6. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 130-34.

    7. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 380.

    8. [S420] The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2010), 431.

    9. [S359] The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2017), 178.

    10. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 164.

    11. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 259.

    12. [S336466] Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, John Bell Henneman, Jr., Lawrence Earp, William W. Kibler, Grover A. Zinn, (New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1995), "Champagne", 190.

    13. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 245.