Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Geoffrey II, Earl of Richmond[1]

Male 1158 - 1186  (27 years)


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  • Name Geoffrey II  
    Suffix Earl of Richmond 
    Born 23 Sep 1158  [2
    Gender Male 
    Title 6 Aug 1178  Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Knighted by his father, Henry II. 
    Title ca. 6 Sep 1181 
    Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany 
    France, 1180
    France, 1180
    Military Autumn 1182 - Jun 1183  Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The Limousin Revolt  
    The Limousin Rebellion of 1182
    The Limousin Rebellion of 1182
    Tiring of the tournament and again chafing over his political irrelevance, the Young King saw an opportunity to take make his place by breaking with Richard; his opening was the simmering feud between his brother and the nobles of Limousin, trouble which had been sparked by the disputed succession to the County of Limoges in June 1181. Richard had bayed them relentlessly- and that with the assistance of Henry and the Old King- until bringing them to heel in July 1182. But sensing fresh opportunity, the Taillefers and and Angoulêmes sent overtures of fealty to the Young King. The bait was taken and war-footing against the Duke resumed. During Henry II's great Christmas court of 1182, Henry and Richard quarreled and, feigning reconciliation, Henry joined the rebels at Limoges while ostensibly bearing the Angevin olive branch. Richard responded with a series of lightening raids to prevent a concentration of forces and then invested Limoges. As for Henry II, he initially sat out the hostilities until an attempted parlay resulted in the felling of the king's horse. Thinking the arrow bolt was meant for him, the Old King was driven directly into the arms of Richard. The belligerents now declared for the Young King included King Philip of France, Geoffrey of Brittany, Duke Hugh of Burgundy, Count Raymond of Toulouse, Viscount Aimar V, and Geoffrey de Lusignan. (King Alfonso sided with the Old King and Henry as a check on Toulouse.) This impressive show of support, on the other hand, did not include funds and so Henry slipped out of Limoges to rob nearby abbeys in hopes that the proceeds would keep his mercenaries in the field. Richard's siege might have collapsed had Henry not fallen ill, succumbing finally to dysentery at Martel. With his death the rebellion collapsed. "Like the king in chess, the Young King had possessed very little power of his own, yet without him it was impossible to carry on the game." Gillingham, 75.
    Died 19 Aug 1186  Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Agency: Killed by his horse in tournament. 
    Buried Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I10834  Dickinson
    Last Modified 14 Feb 2018 

    Father Henry II, King of England,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Palais de Comtes du Maine, Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon Castle, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Eleanor d'Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine,   b. Abt 1124, Château de Belin, Guienne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 80 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 18 May 1152  Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [9, 10, 11
    Family ID F2977  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Constance de Bretagne, Duchess de Bretagne,   b. 1161, Brittany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1201, Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married Jul 1181 
    Children 
     1. Eleonore de Bretagne,   b. ca. 1184,   d. 10 Aug 1241, Corfe Castle, Dorset Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years)  [Birth]
     2. Arthur de Bretagne, Duke of Brittany,   b. 29 Mar 1187, Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Apr 1203, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 16 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 29 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F3381  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://bit.ly/2gTTspl.

    2. [S336429] Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy, Alison Weir, (London: Vintage Books, 2008), 62.

    3. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008).

    4. [S154] The Demon's Brood: A History of the Plantagenet Dynasty, Desmond Seward, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 29.

    5. [S164] King John and the Road to Magna Carta, Stephen Church, (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 16, 35.

    6. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 392.
      "Duke Geoffrey remained in Paris throughout the summer, occupied with various nefarious schemes, but these never came to fruition because on 18 or 19 August 1186 he died. Roger of Hoveden says he succumbed to a fever, yet other sources state that he took part in a tournament but was unsaddled in the mêlée and trampled to death. He was buried in the choir of Notre-Dame 'with but few regrets from his father, to whom he had been an unfaithful son, but with sore grief to the French.' Philip was so mad with grief at the loss of his friend that he had to be forcibly restrained from throwing himself upon the coffin in the open tomb. Geoffrey's half sister Marie, Countess of Champagne, was present at his funeral, and gave money for masses for his soul. He left Constance, his widow, pregnant with their third child."

    7. [S421] The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge, (New York: HarperCollins, 2014), 186.

    8. [S422] Richard I (English Monarchs Series), John Gillingham, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 81.
      "Once again it was an unexpected death which altered the situation. In a tournament in Paris in August 1186 Duke Geoffrey had been trampled to death. Philip, as overlord of Brittany, at once claimed custody of Geoffrey's two daughters, and threatened to invade Normandy if Henry II did not hand them over. Having forced the Old King on to the defensive, Philip was able, in subsequent negotiations, to demand that Richard stop his harassment of Toulouse."

    9. [S436] Chroniques des Églises d'Anjou, Marchegay & Mabille, eds., (Paris: 1869).
      Chronicæ Sanct Albini Andegavensis

    10. [S23] The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England, Dan Jones, (New York: Viking, 2012), 30.

    11. [S336465] Eleanor of Aquitaine: A Life, Alison Weir, (New York: Ballantine iBook, 2008), 127.