Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England, Countess de Ponthieu

Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England, Countess de Ponthieu[1]

Female Abt 1244 - 1290  (~ 46 years)

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  • Name Eleanor of Castile 
    Arms of Eleanor Castille
    Arms of Eleanor Castille
    Suffix Queen Consort of England, Countess de Ponthieu 
    Born Abt 1244  Lara Valley, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Also Known As Infanta do˝a Leonor de Castilla y Leˇn 
    Died 28 Nov 1290  Harby, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Buried 17 Dec 1290  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Notes 
    • ELEANOR of Castile (d. 1290), queen of Edward I, daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile, by his second wife, Joanna, half-sister of Alfonso X, and heiress through her mother of the counties of Ponthieu and Montreuil, a princess of great beauty and discretion, met her future husband at Burgos, and was married to him in the monastery of Las Huelgas in October 1254. Her marriage was politically important, for in consideration of it Alfonso transferred to Edward his claims on Gascony, and it also brought him the succession to her mother's possessions; Edward settled 1,000l. a year upon her, which was to be increased to 1,500l. on his attaining the throne (F?dera, i. 519). She stayed for a year with her husband in Gascony, and came to England shortly before him, landing at Dover, and entering London 17 Oct. 1255, where she was received with much state, and was lodged in the house occupied by her brother Sanchey, archbishop-elect of Toledo, in the New Temple. Sanchey was visiting England with reference to the projected marriage of the king's daughter Beatrix, and his extravagance at the king's expense filled the Londoners with anger against Eleanor's fellow-countrymen (Matt. Paris, v. 509, 513). She was joined by her husband before the end of November. When Edward returned from France, in February 1263, he placed her in Windsor Castle, and she appears to have remained there until after the battle of Lewes, when, on 18 June 1204, the king, who was then wholly under the power of the Earl of Leicester, was made to command her departure. She then took refuge in France, remained there until after the battle of Evesham, and returned to England 29 Oct. 1265.

      She accompanied her husband on his crusade in 1270. When, after he had been wounded by an assassin at Acre, it was proposed to cut all the inflamed flesh out of his arm, the surgeon ordered that she should be taken away from him, evidently lest her unrestrained grief should increase his danger, and she was led away 'weeping and wailing' (Hemingburgh, i. 336). The famous story of her saving his life by sucking the poison from the wound is noticed as a mere report by the Dominican PtolomŠus Lucensis (d. 1327?) in his 'Ecclesiastical History' (xxiii. c. 6), and is evidently utterly unworthy of credit. She was crowned with her husband on 19 Aug. 1274. After her return in 1265 she appears never to have been long absent from Edward. Though pious and virtuous, she was rather grasping. Archbishop Peckham interfered on behalf of some of her overburdened tenants, and told her that reparation must precede absolution. She had given scandal by joining with Jewish usurers, and getting estates from christians (Peckham Reg. ii. 619, iii. 939). She appears to have fallen sick of a low fever in the end of the summer of 1290, and was probably placed by the king at 'Hardeby' (Rishanger, p. 120) or Harby in Nottinghamshire. After he had met his parliament at Clipstone he returned to Harby on 20 Nov., and remained with her until her death on the 28th. Her corpse was embalmed, and her funeral procession left Lincoln on 4 Dec.; her body was buried at Westminster on the 17th by the Bishop of Lincoln, and her heart was deposited in the church of the Dominicans. The route taken by the funeral procession is ascertained by the notices of the crosses that the king erected to her memory at Lincoln, Grantham, Stamford, Geddington, Northampton, Stony Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St. Albans, Waltham, West-cheap, and Charing. The effigy on her tomb, of remarkable beauty, appears to have been the work of an English goldsmith named William Torrell.

      [For authorities see Strickland's Queens, i. 418; PtolomŠi Lucensis Hist. Eccl., Rerum Ital. SS., Muratori, xi. 743, and col. 1168. For details concerning Eleanor's sickness, death, funeral, and the chantries and other foundations in her honour see ArchŠologia, xxix. 186, and Engl. Hist. Rev. (April 1888), X. 315.]

      W. H [5]
    Person ID I10783  Dickinson
    Last Modified 11 May 2015 

    Father Fernando III de Castilla y Leˇn, King of Castile, Toledo, Extremadura, Leˇn and Galicia ,   b. 1201,   d. 30 May 1252, Seville, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Jeanne de Dammartin, Queen of Castile, Countess of AumÔle and Ponthieu ,   b. ca. 1220, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1279, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1237  Burgos, Burgos, Castilla-Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3978  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Edward I, King of England,   b. 17 - 18 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, Westminster, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh by Sands, Cumbria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Married 1 Nov 1254  Las Huelgas near Burgos Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 16 children. The marriage was dynastic in its origin: Alfonso X, king of Castile, had meddled in the rebellion of his neighbor, the English duchy of Aquitaine (or Gascony) and thus won a bargaining chip with Henry III. In order to have Castile bow out of the Gascon troubles, Alfonso offered his half-sister's hand to Edward, but not without having him suitably endowed first. Realpolitik notwithstanding, the marriage of Edward and Eleanor was one of the great love matches of medieval Europe. [6]
    Children 
     1. Katherine of England,   b. 1261,   d. 5 Sep 1264  (Age 3 years)  [Birth]
     2. Joan of England,   b. Jan 1265, Paris, ╬le-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Before 7 Sep 1265, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)  [Birth]
     3. John of England,   b. 13 - 14 Jul 1266, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ca. 1271, Westminster Palace, Westminster, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)  [Birth]
     4. Henry of England,   b. 13 Jul 1267 or 1268, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1274, Merton, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 6 years)  [Birth]
     5. Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar,   b. 18 Jun 1269, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Aug 1298, Ghent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)  [Birth]
    +6. Joan of Acre, Countess of Gloucester and Hertford,   b. Spring 1272, Acre, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years)  [Birth]
     7. Alphonso of England, Earl of Chester,   b. 24 Nov 1273, Bayonne, Gascony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1284, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 10 years)  [Birth]
     8. Berengaria of England,   b. ca. May 1276, Kennington Palace, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
    +9. Margaret of England, Duchess of Brabant,   b. 11 Sep 1275, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1318, Belguim Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)  [Birth]
     10. Mary of Woodstock,   b. Mar 1279, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1332  (Age ~ 52 years)  [Birth]
    +11. Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Countess of Hereford,   b. 7 Aug 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)  [Birth]
    +12. Edward II, King of England,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 7 May 2015 
    Family ID F2958  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1244 - Lara Valley, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1 Nov 1254 - Las Huelgas near Burgos Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 28 Nov 1290 - Harby, Nottinghamshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 17 Dec 1290 - Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S336463] Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, Charles Cawley, (Online: The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/, 20XX), http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CASTILE.htm#Leonordied1290MEdwardIEngland.

    2. [S157] A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the Forging of Britain, Marc Morris, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2015), 229.

    3. [S154] The Demon's Brood: A History of the Plantagenet Dynasty, Desmond Seward, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2014), 105.

    4. [S157] A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the Forging of Britain, Marc Morris, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2015), 230.

    5. [S336351] Dictionary of National Biography, 63 volumes, Sir Sidney Lee, ed., (New York: McMillan and Company, 1885-1900), Public Domain., vol. 17, 178-79 [William Hunt].

    6. [S157] A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the Forging of Britain, Marc Morris, (New York: Pegasus Books, 2015), 18-20.