Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

Family: Alfonso VI de Castilla y León, King of León, Castile and Navarre / Zaïda -- (F4683)

m. Mar 1106


Family Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Father | Male
    Alfonso VI de Castilla y León, King of León, Castile and Navarre

    Born  ca. 1038  Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location
    Died  30 Jun 1109  Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location
    Buried    Royal Monastery of San Benito, Sahagún, León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location
    Married  Mar 1106   
    Other Spouse  Agnès d'Aquitaine, Queen consort of Castile and Leon, Ctss du Maine | F3547 
    Married  ca. 1073   
    Other Spouse  Jimena Muñoz | F4685 
    Married     
    Other Spouse  Constance de Bourgogne, Queen consort of Castile and León | F3891 
    Married  ca. 1080   
    Other Spouse  Berta --, Queen consort of Castile and Leon | F4681 
    Married  1094   
    Other Spouse  Isabel --, Queen consort of Castile and Leon | F4682 
    Married  1100   
    Other Spouse  Beatrix --, Queen consort of Castile and Leon | F4684 
    Married  1108   
    Father  Fernando I de Navarra, King of León | F4687 Group Sheet 
    Mother  Sancha de León | F4687 Group Sheet 

    Mother | Female
    Zaïda --

    Born     
    Died  3 Sep 1107   
    Buried    Basilica de San Isidoro, León, León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location
    Other Spouse  Abu Nasir al-Fatah al-Mamun, Emir of Córdoba | F6236 
    Married     
    Father   
    Mother   

    Child 1 | Male
    Sancho de Castilla y León

    Born  Sep 1093   
    Died  29 May 1108  Uclés, Cuenca, Castile-La Mancha, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location
    Buried     

    Child 2 | Female
    Sancha de Castilla y León

    Born  ca. 1100   
    Died  After 10 May 1125   
    Buried     

    Child 3 | Female
    + Elvira de Castilla y León

    Born  ca. 1100   
    Died  8 Feb 1135   
    Buried     
    Spouse  Roger II of Sicily, King of Sicily | F6233 
    Married  1117   

  • Notes  Married:
    • "According to Jaime de Salazar y Acha, followed by other authors, among them, Gonzalo Martínez Diez, they married in 1100, and with this ceremony their son was legitimized and declared heir of the Kingdoms of León and Castile. Salazar y Acha, Jaime de (1993). "Contribución al reinado de Alfonso VI de Castilla: algunas aclaraciones sobre su política matrimonial". Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía, (Madrid: Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía, 1993)(ISSN 1133-1240), II: 323-5; Martínez Díez, Gonzalo, Alfonso VI: Señor del Cid, conquistador de Toledo, (Madrid: Temas de Hoy, S.A., 2003)(ISBN 84-8460-251-6), p. 121; Reilly, Bernard F., The Contest of Christian and Muslim Spain: 1031-1157, (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1992)(ISBN 9780631199649), p. 96.

      For Salazar y Acha, Zaida and the fourth wife of Alfonso VI, Isabel, are the same person, 'despite of the impotent efforts of later historians to try to prove that she was not the Moor Zaida' and, accordingly, she would also be the mother of Elvira and Sancha Alfónsez.[Salazar y Acha, pp. 323?324]

      Another reason the author mentions to support this hypothesis was that shortly after the marriage of the king with Isabel, his son Sancho begins to confirm royal charters and, if Isabel and Zaida were not the same person, the new queen would not have allowed the new protagonism of Sancho in detriment of her possible future sons. Salazar y Acha, Jaime de (2007). "De nuevo sobre la mora Zaida", Hidalguía: La revista de genealogía, nobleza y armas, (Madrid: Asociación de hidalgos de fuero de España, 2007)(ISBN 9788495215291. ISSN 0018-1285), March-April, p. 221.

      He also cites a charter from the cathedral of Astorga dated 14 April 1107 where Alfonso VI grants some fueros and acts cum uxore mea Elisabet et filio nostro Sancio (with my wife Isabel and our son Sancho). Salazar y Acha (2007), p. 228 This is the only document where Sancho is referred to as 'our son', since in others he only appears as the king's son even though Queen Isabel also confirms the charters.

      Reilly accepts that there were two Isabels: the Moor Zaida (baptized Isabel) and the other Isabel, but argues that to reinforce the position of Sancho Alfónsez, the king annulled his marriage to Isabel in March 1106 and married Zaida. [Reilly (1992), p. 96; Reilly, Bernard F., The Kingdom of León-Castilla under King Alfonso VI, 1065?1109 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989)(ISBN 9788487103032). p. 364-5).

      The hypothesis that Alfonso VI had married Zaida was rejected by Menéndez Pidal and Lévi-Provençal. [Gambra, Andrés, Alfonso VI: Cancillería, curia e imperio, Vol. I. Estudio (León : Centro de Estudios e Investigación "San Isidoro" : Caja de España de Inversiones : Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad, 1997)(ISBN 8487667287), p. 475.]" [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S336470] Wikipedia, (Online: https://en.wikipedia.org), "Alfonso VI of León and Castile" at http://bit.ly/2C820gD.