Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

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51 "Mr. McDowell was an intelligent, common sense sort of man; he was a farmer living near Mt. Olive, and was personally popular, as a proof of which he was the first candidate that the opposite political party had succeeded in electing. The two political parties in that day were known as "Union" and "state Rights," or "Nullifiers" as they were called by some. The Union party were the followers of Andrew Jackson on the tariff question, which had so excited the state of South Carolina a few years previous. The party was afterward known as the Democratic Party. The State Rights party held to the position of John C. Calhoun, and afterwards took the name of Whig Party- both parties honorable in following the lead of such illustrious men as Jackson and Calhoun. The Union Party claimned a majority of fifty or a hundred votes in the county and had heretofore invariably elected their men. The State Rights Party, relying on the good sense and personal popularity of McDowell, succeeded in electing him three times to the legislature and once after it was known as the Whig Party. He raised an intelligent family of children, two of his sons, P. H. and Dr. George M. McDowell, holding positions of honor before their death."

Lizzie R. Mitchell, History of Pike County Georgia (Spartanburg, South Carolina: The Reprint Company, 1980), p. 29.

 
McDowell, Charles (I1060)
 
52 "Mrs. Clark Dickenson died at her husband's residence near Williamson at ten o'clock yesterday morning of consumption. She was a daughter of J. L. Jackson and will be buried at his family burying ground at ten o'clock today." The Weekly News, May 17, 1889, reproduced at Fred R. Hartz and Emilie K. Hartz, Marriage and Death Notices From the Griffin (Georgia) Weekly News and The Griffin Weekly News and Sun, 1882-1896 (Vidalia, Georgia: The Gwendolyn Press), 150.

* * * *

The Pike County Journal. Zebulon, Pike County, Georgia, November 26, 1897

Marriage

Beauchamp - Jackson

At the residence of Mr. Clark Dickerson near Williamson Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o’clock, Miss Lucia Jackson was united in marriage to Mr. C. C. Beauchamp. This marriage was a very quiet one and only a few friends and relatives were present. As Miss Jackson, Mrs. Beauchamp was very popular, having many friends and admirers everywhere she was known. She is a young lady of culture, refinement
and beauty. Mr. Beauchamp is a prosperous young merchant of Williamson and is well known
throughout this section of the state as a man of good sense and business ability. The Journal joins their many friends in wishing them a long happy and prosperous marriage.

(Transcribed 07/30/03 Lynn Cunningham)

Additional Comments:
At Williamson Baptist Church Cemetery, Pike County, Georgia:
Charles Croghan Beauchamp, b. 31 Dec. 1873, d. 7 Mar 1934

Lucia Jackson was a sister to Collie Jackson (Mrs. Clark) Dickerson and that is why the marriage took place at their home. Lucia and Collie’s mother was Margaret M. Allen before her marriage to John L. Jackson. Her parents were Robert (Maj. Bob) A. Allen and Priscilla Wright.

Charles Croghan Beauchamp was a son of Dr. J.C. Beauchamp and his first wife, Ella Harriet Gregg.
 
Jackson, Collie (I0190)
 
53 "Mrs. Garland Dies; Funeral Saturday

Mrs. Effie Pauline Garland, widow of the late Dr. H.J. Garland, died early Thursday night at her home at 129 South 13th street. She was born in Pike County but came to Griffin as a small girl and had lived here since that time. She was a member of the First Baptist Church. Funeral services will be conducted Saturday morning at 11 o'clock from Pittman Chapel. The Rev. H.M. Lindsey will officiate and burial will be in Oak Hill Cemetery. She is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Frank S. Patton, of Jonesboro, Tenn.; a son, H. S. Garland of Atlanta and a grandson, Walter G. Patton of Jonesboro, Tenn. Her body will remain at Pittman Funeral Home until the funeral."

Griffin Daily News, Friday, January 17, 1958 
Dickinson, Effie Pauline (I1386)
 
54 "Never mustered into service, never in camps." Drewry, Lucius Q (I3128)
 
55 "Newdigate Poyntz...had eight children by Sarah Foxley, four sons and four daughters, and from this marriage descend the Poyntzes of Hexton, Herts, allied by two marriages to the ancient family of Taverner, and for two generations Lords of the manor of Hexton. Fifth in direct descent from Newdigate came the Rev. Newdigate Poyntz, Rector of Tormarton, Gloucestershire. His eldest son, the Rev. Nathaniel Poyntz, had one son, Newdigate, who died at Winchester College, aged 18, in the lifetime of his father, and on the very day of his grandfather's funeral at Tormarton. The succession, in consequence of the death of this only son, passed to a nephew, the Rev. Newdigate Poyntz, son of Newdigate Poyntz, Commander, R.N., who was second son of the Rector of Tormarton, and this Rev. Newdigate Poyntz, Vicar of Little Drayton, Salop, is father to the child whose birth occurred in 1875." Family F0534
 
56 "On 17 November the Earl of Arundel and two of his associates, John Daniel and Thomas de Micheldever, were beheaded. In the words of the chronicler Murimuth, Roger [de Mortimer] hated these men with a 'perfect hatred'. The earl had been a sworn enemy of Galveston ever since the tournament of Wallingford. He had moreover taken arms against Roger's uncle [Mortimer of Chirk] in 1312. He had opposed Roger and his uncle during the Despenser war, had taken the lands of Roger's uncle and some of Roger's own estates. He had been part of the embassy which had persuaded Roger to surrender at Shrewsbury by giving the false guarantee that his life would be saved. His defense of Hugh Despenser was just another reason for him to suffer the full penalty of the law."  FitzAlan, Edmund 9th Earl of Arundel (I11409)
 
57 "On the 24th of May, 1554, Queen Mary gave him [Hungerford], in reward for his 'various services,' a further grant of the lands, &c, forfeited by his late father, and amongst these 'the manor and castle of Farley.' So the Hungerfords held again their ancestral home, and Walter had a respectable estate to boast of. He now seems to have lost no time in taking a wife, as, but a fortnight after obtaining the grant of Farley, he married Anne Basset. One Robert Swyfte, writing from London to the Earl of Shrewsbury, under date of 1 ith June, 1554, thus describes the wedding:-

On Thursday last was married at Richmond, Basset the Queen's maid, to Mr Hungerfurthe, son and heir to Lord Hungerfurthe, at which day the Queen shewed herself very pleasant, commanding all mirth and pastime.

However, this marriage, celebrated as it was under such favourable auspices, must have been of short duration, as four years later, on the 5th of July, 1558, the Queen made Walter another grant, in consideration of his then marriage with Anne, one of the daughters of Sir William Dormer of Ascot, from whom, eleven years afterwards-namely, in 1569, he was divorced." 
Family F5126
 
58 "One of the first Indian traders was George Galphin, an Irishman. He raised a large family; and of the five varieties of the human family; he raised children from three, and no doubt would have gone the whole hog, but the Malay and Mongol were out of his reach. His white children were of the highest and most polished order- Mrs. Governor Milledge was one of them. He had two negroes, Mina, a woman, and Ketch, a man; they were brother and sister. He raised one daughter from Mina and called her Barbary. She married an Irishman by the name of Holmes, and raised Dr. Thomas G. Holmes, whom Col. Pickett often alludes to in his History of Alabama, as having had conversations with him. At Galphin's death Mina was set free and died at old Timothy Barnard's, on the Flint river, Ga., many years back. Ketch was an interpreter among the Indians for Galpin- was his stock minder- kept stock at Galphin's cowpens, where Louisville in Jefferson county, Ga., now stands, and which was once the seat of government of that state. Ketch helped put up the first cabin at old Galphinton, on the Ogeechee, for an Indian trading house. At Galphin's death Ketch was sold, and was purchased by Gen. [John] Twiggs of the revolution. He was a body servant of Gen Twiggs during the war. At the close of the war, Ketch left his master and went into the Creek Nation. * * * Gen. Twiggs gave Ketch to me. He (Ketch) was about six feet six inches high, very straight, and retained his bodily strength as well as mental faculties, to a most astonishing degree. The Gen. did not give me Ketch expecting me to profit by it, but wished him cared for in his old age, as he had been a faithful servant to his father in trying times. I purchased Ketch's family, and he live till 1840. I buried him under a large oak about a mile from Tuskegee, a place that he selected for that purpose. I had a little mill on a creek near Tuskegee, where I kept Ketch and several other Indian negroes, and here I used to spend much time listening to them tell over old occurrences of by-gone days. From the best calculations we could make, Ketch lived to be near a hundred years old." Galphin, George I (I5426)
 
59 "PICKENS, Andrew, (grandfather of Francis Wilkinson Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Paxton, Bucks County, Pa., September 13, 1739; attended the common schools; moved with his parents to the Waxhaw settlement in South Carolina in 1752; served in the provincial militia in the campaign against the Cherokee Indians in 1760; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of militia and attained the rank of brigadier general; commanded an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in 1782; member of the state house of representatives 1781-1794; one of the commissioners named to settle the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia in 1787; member of the state constitutional convention in 1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); appointed major general of militia in 1795; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1797; member of the state house of representatives 1800-1812; declined the nomination for governor in 1812; died in Tomassee, Pendleton District, S.C., August 11, 1817; interment in Old Stone Churchyard, near Pendleton, S.C."  Pickens, Gen. Andrew (I15243)
 
60 "Polly Bailey became the wife of Sizemore who kept a ferry at what is now Gainestown. She was an expert in swimming, and sometimes acted as ferryman. Sizemore lived on the west side of the Alabama and did not take refuge in Fort Mims. Peggy Bailey lived with her mother, an Indian woman, on the east side. Mrs. Sizemore lived to a great age in Baldwin county, and died in 1862. Her daughter, who became Mrs. Podgett, was living in 1890, then one hundred years old." Family F1517
 
61 "Prancis, second son of Nicholas Poyntz, held some office in the Court of Queen Elizabeth. We know nothing of him beyond what is disclosed by certain proceedings in Chancery, taken upon the complaint of William Plobbes of London, yeoman, on 16th Nov. 1590." Poyntz, Francis (I3979)
 
62 "Ralph may have still been alive in Normandy in 1137 when he was at least 77 years old." Mortimer, Ralph I de Lord of Wigmore (I12791)
 
63 "Relations between the king [Edward II] and the Earl of Lancaster [Thomas of Lancaster] were at a particularly low point. The rise of Hugh Despenser and three new favorites, namely Walter de Montagu, Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, had created a great antagonism between the king and Lancaster. Damory was the king's latest infatuation, and had received the hand in marriage of one of the three heiresses of the earldom of Gloucester. Audley, a second favorite, had received the hand in marriage of the last unmarried Gloucester heiress, the third heiress being married already to Hugh Despenser. These men were described by some chroniclers as being 'worse than Galveston' in their effect on the king. But they were given the largest portion of the Gloucester inheritance, and constituted a real threat to Lancaster's influence and power." Family F4368
 
64 "RELATIONSHIP of JONATHAN SWIFT And JOHN DRYDEN- In the Life of Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, by Craik, published in 1882, it is stated that the grandmother of the dean was Elizabeth Dryden, niece of sir Erasmus Dryden, and sister of the rev. Jonathan Dryden. In the pedigree of the Dryden family, published by Baker in his History of the County, no Elizabeth, niece of sir Erasmus, appears. There is no reason to doubt that the rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, married an Elizabeth Dryden, a member of the Northamptonshire family. As her name was Dryden she was the daughter of some male Dryden. Malone, who wrote the life of John Dryden, states in a private letter that it was said that the rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, was married to one of the daughters of sir Erasmus, and this he thinks was not true; and in his Life of Dryden 1., p. 238, conjectures that she was the daughter of a brother of sir Erasmus.

Taking all the known facts into consideration there appears but one way of explaining the relationship. Elizabeth, the daughter of sir Erasmus, married sir Richard Phillips, bart. Of the seven brothers of sir Erasmus only two are recorded to have married, and the marriage of one of them is put as doubtful in Baker; but Nicholas Dryden, of Moreton Pinkney, married Mary Emyley, and had, according to Baker, three sons, Jonathan, John, and Godwin, and one daughter, Susanna. Jonathan, the eldest, was born about 1601. If this Nicholas had also a daughter Elizabeth, who married the rev. Thomas Swift, and if his son Jonathan became a clergyman, the matter would be clear.

The rev. Thomas Swift had ten sons, of whom one was named Godwin, and another (the father of the dean) was named Jonathan, which names we can fairly suppose they obtained from the two sons of Nicholas Dryden, if we assume that the mother was a daughter of the said Nicholas. All the dates so far as we have them agree with the supposition I have stated. It is recorded that the poet Dryden and dean Swift called each other 'cousins.' According to the supposition the dean was second cousin once removed to the poet, Malone supposes that Jonathan Dryden, the brother of Elizabeth Swift, had a son who was the Jonathan Dryden, who was born in 1639, at Westminster school and fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and was almost certainly the rev. Jonathan Dryden who was rector of Scrayingham and prebendary of York, and was buried in York cathedral in 1702, who had a son Jonathan born in 1701, who died in 1740.

The rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, was a strong royalist. He built a peculiar house, dated 1636, with large cellars, with a view to storage in troublous times. 'This Thomas Swift, born in 1595, became a man of some mark amid stirring scenes.' When the rebellion broke out 'In spite of his profession, the vicar of Goodrich was of too fervent a spirit to hold aloof from the struggle. It had scarcely opened before he became known amongst the Parliamentarian ranks for a delinquent. The royal standard had been raised in Nottingham, in August, 1649. In October of the same year Thomas Swift?s stout horses and thriving homestead were visited by the Parliamentary marauders.'

Mr. Craik gives many particulars of this vicar and his family, 'This doughty vicar died in 1658, and was buried underneath the altar of the church of which he had been the vicar, and near which stood his battered house.'" 
Family F2865
 
65 "Rev. James Lazarus Bryars" by Judith Richbourg Jolly. Published in Footprints, December 2001 edition, a publication of the West Florida Genealogical Society. Used by permission of the author.

Rev. James Lazarus Bryars, a well-known and respected Baptist minister in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, FL, as well as in Escambia and Baldwin Counties, AL, began preaching at age 24. Among the churches he organized in Escambia County, FL were Pleasant Hill Baptist Church (1856) and Oak Grove Baptist Church (1883).

In Escambia County, AL, he organized Sardis at Wawbeek (July 1865) and First Baptist Church in Flomaton (1878). A Sunday afternoon preaching point begun in 1870 became First Baptist Church, Atmore in 1886. For many years, James Lazarus walked four and one-half miles from his Florida home to the Williams Station sawmill of John Roberts. His daughters swept the sawmill floor and then James Lazarus stood pine blocks upon end and laid rough slabs across them to seat his faithful congregation.

In 1882, he organized the Perdido Baptist Church in Baldwin County, AL. The churches and preaching stations he served in Santa Rosa County included Cora, Coon Hill, Damascus, Pine Level, and Spring Hill. In 1872, James Lazarus Bryars was one of the founders of the Elim Baptist Association, which included the churches in all four counties.

James Lazarus Byrars was born 07 December 1832 in Stockton, Baldwin County, AL, one of seven children (Elizabeth Ann, Isabelle, Mary Catherine, Mildred Lucivy, Benjamin Henry, and Sarah Francis) of Charles Edward Bryars and his wife, Catherine Margaret Hubbard. Charles Edward and Catherine Margaret were born in South Carolina.

James Lazarus Bryars married Erin Elizabeth "Lizzie" Miles in Escambia County, FL on 01 March 1857. Born near Miles Crossing at Wawbeek, Escambia County, AL in 1838, she was one of nine children (Burgess, Margaret, John, Irena, William Zebedee, Lucretia Ellen, Francis Marion, and Theresa Anetta) of James Miles and his wife, Lucretia Ellen "Nellie" Franklin. James and "Nellie" were born in South Carolina.

James Lazarus and Erin Elizabeth were the parents of James Zebedee (18 October 1857 ~ 21 December 1921), Ellen Lucretia (02 August 1859 ~ 01 January 1945), Benjamin Francis (30 November 1861 ~ 03 October 1922), Margaret Catherine (03 March 1864 ~ 09 March 1947), Charles D. (27 June 1866 ~ 07 January 1883), and Lucy Elizabeth (02 August 1868 ~ July 1906). Erin Elizabeth Miles Brysrs, age 30, died 20 August 1868 and was buried in the Miles family plot at the Bowman Cemetery in Wawbeek, Escambia County, Alabama.

The second wife of James Lazarus Bryars was Malinda Caroline Daily. Born 29 August 1834, presumably in Monroe County, AL, she was the oldest of four children (Francis P., Mark Hawkins, and Eliza J.) of John Daily and his wife Sarah, both born in SC. John and Sarah married 20 September 1833 in Monroe County, AL. John's father was John S. Daily, a Lutheran clergyman.

Malinda Caroline became a mother to James Lazarus' six young children. In addition, Malinda Caroline and James Lazarus were the parents of John Lazarus (22 October 1870 ~ 04 March 1875) and Judson Rudolph (06 March 1873 ~ 11 September 1938). The family lived at Bluff Springs on land homesteaded by James Lazarus Bryars and granted to him in Patent Certificate #13254. He raised stock, including cattle and hogs, farmed, and cultivated fruit trees.

The children attended Bluff Springs School. From his home, James Lazarus traveled his circuit, which included as many as 20 churches at one time. Representative of his work was the year 1882, in which he recorded 3,775 miles and 194 sermons. He organized Sabbath Schools, baptized converts, made religious visits, ordained preachers and deacons, and officiated at marriages and funerals.

Among his congregations were established churches, including Pleasant Hill, Pine Barren, Beulah, Mitchell's Creek, Union Hill, and Pleasant Grove. He also preached at Ferry Pass, the Navy Yard, and in the lumber and sawmill camps along the Escambia and Perdido Rivers. Some of those worshipers gathered at McKinnon's Camp, Johnson's Camp, and Shelby's Camp.

He was paid a small sum by the Elim Association Missionary Board and he also received offerings from the churches where he preached. Some offerings were a few dollars. Some were 25 and 50 cents. Many times his compensation was a gallon of syrup, a bushel of flour, a hat, shoes, or socks.

In addition to his pastoral and preaching ministry, James Lazarus Bryars was elected Escambia County Surveyor and in 1885 was a member of the Escambia County School Board, serving with H. Crabtree, A. V. Clubbs, P. K. Yonge, and George S. Hallmark. At the time of his death at age 75 on 13 November 1908, he was the pastor of Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and Pine Barren Baptist Church. He was also the moderator of the Elim Baptist Association.

The news of his passing was published in the 14 November 1908 edition of the Pensacola Journal. It was noted that he was the oldest minister in point of service in the county, his service covering 52 years. His funeral was held at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and interment was in the family plot at adjoining Crary Cemetery. Gravesite rites were spoken by his Masonic brethren. On his memorial stone are the words, Faithful is the saying: For if we died unto Him, we shall also reign with Him.

The Elim Baptist Association passed a resolution on the life and death of James Lazarus Bryars. It read in part,

"Whereas our Heavenly Father deemed it (in) the best interest of the tired, tottering, and worn frame of one of our fathers in Israel...(And whereas) Brother Bryars has given a lifelong warfare in defense of the Master's cause...Resolved that...Elim lost the author of its existence, an ardent supporter, and while we feel his loss, we bow in submission to the will of Him who doeth all things well."

Malinda Caroline Daily Bryars died 15 October 1917. She was buried in the unmarked, brick-outlined grave next to that of her husband.

 
Bryars, Rev. James Lazarus (I0120)
 
66 "Richard married Judith, daughter of the Duke of Brittany, by whom he had six children: Richard, his successor in the dukedom; Robert, who succeeded his elder brother; William, who became a monk in the abbey of Fecamp, and died very young in 1025; Alice, married to Renauld, Earl of Burgundy; Eleonora, to Baldwin, Earl of Flanders, and Papia, to Guilbert, of Saint Yalery. The duchess Judith founded the magnificent abbey of Bernay, in which she was buried."
 
Family F3168
 
67 "San Martín de Albelda was a Riojan monastery, whose ruins now lie within the municipal boundaries of Albelda de Iregua. It was an important and advanced cultural centre in Spain and western Europe during the tenth century. * * * It was founded on 5 January 924 by Sancho Garcés I and Toda Aznárez, monarchs of Navarre, in gratitude for the recent reconquest of Nájera and Viguera (923) in conjunction with Ordoño II of León." García, Sancho I King of Pamplona (I12227)
 
68 "Saw Mr. Mallory a moment at his room door; he has gout, his daughter is not pretty & her husband is a Connecticut yankee." The accompanying footnote advises: "Margaret (Mallory) Bishop, and her husband, Henry Bishop of Bridgeport, Conn." Mallory, Margaret Victoria (I15217)
 
69 "Shortly after the peace the Duchess of Normandy died, without leaving children. All her personal effects were divided between the poor and the monasteries. Richard then determined to marry his mistress Gonnor, for which purpose he convened his barons, who readily gave their consent to the proposed union. All the Norman chroniclers represent her as a lady of high birth and breeding, but, in truth, her father was one of the duke's foresters. She was a great favourite with the clergy, having made large presents to the churches, particularly to Notre-Dame-de-Rouen, on which she bestowed some curious and beautiful embroidery, worked by herself and her maidens. She also caused precious cloths to be worked with silk, illustrating the history of the Virgin Mary and the saints. The six children of this connexion were Richard, who succeeded to the dukedom; Robert, archbishop of Rouen; Mauger, Earl of Corbeil; Emma, married to Ethelred, King of England; Hadwige, who espoused Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany; and Matilda, who was united to Odo, Earl of Chartres."
 
Family F3166
 
70 "Silpha Dickerson," age 90 years, is enumerated with the family of Levi D. Dickerson in the 1850 Upson County, Georgia Census. Her husband is "Wilburn," age 87. Carolyn Walker Nottingham and Evelyn Hannah, History of Upson County, Georgia (Vidalia, Georgia: Georgia Genealogical Reprints, 1969), 577. She is identified as "Gilpha" in the will of "Wimburn Dickinson." Id., 263. Daniel, Zilpha (I0309)
 
71 "Sir Nicholas Poyntz made his will 26th Feb., 1555-6. He names his son and heir Nicholas and his younger sons Francis, Anthony, Edmund, and John, but not his two daughters Frances and Anne, To his wife Dame Johan he gives his new house at Osilworth that standeth on the hill and the parke during her life, remainder to his second son Prancis for life. The will was proved by Johan Poyntz relict and executrix, 3rd July, 1557."
 
Family F0597
 
72 "Somerset's expedition, undertaken in the late summer of 1443, was an aimless fiasco, which looked like a shallow attempt by the Beaufort family to endow themselves with booty seized and lands conquered in central France. It annoyed Richard, duke of York, who succeeded Bedford as lieutenant of France only to find his authority undercut by Beaufort's independent commission. And it wasted a vast amount of money. Somerset died shortly after his return, humiliated by his failure and very possibly driven to suicide. Cardinal Beaufrot now joined his rival Gloucester in being forced into effective political retirement." Beaufort, John Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal, KG (I10766)
 
73 "Such evidence as survives suggests that [Eleanor] probably resided at the castle for well over half of all the weeks in any one year." de Provence, Eleonore Queen Consort of England (I10785)
 
74 "The Atlanta Constitution"
Atlanta, Fulton Co., Georgia

Issue of January 23, 1905

Mortuary

Mrs. Sarah Allen, Williamson, Ga.

Williamson, Ga., January 22 - (Special) Mrs. Sarah Allen, wife of Judge Robert H. Allen, died this evening. She was 80 years old and a member of one of the most prominent families in the section.
 
Sentell, Sarah (I2135)
 
75 "The Battle of Aguioncha or Aguiuncias, the culmination of a Galician-Portuguese civil war in the Kingdom of León, was fought at the hill called Aguioncha on the river Salas in the province of Ourense between two aristocratic factions. The leader of the victorious faction was the Portuguese count Gonzalo Menéndez, that of the defeated the Galician count Rodrigo Velázquez." Menéndez, Gonzalo Conde de Portugal (I18898)
 
76 "The Battle of Bouvines, which took place on 27 July 1214, was a medieval battle which ended the 1202?1214 Anglo-French War. It was fundamental in the early development of France in the Middle Ages by confirming the French crown's sovereignty over the Angevin lands of Brittany and Normandy." Dammartin was exiled as a result of the defeat. Dammartin, Simon de Comte de Ponthieu et de Montreuil (I13285)
 
77 "The Battle of Covadonga was the first victory by Christendom military forces in Iberia since the Islamic conquest of Hispania in 711-718." Asturias, Pelayo de King of Asturias (I18965)
 
78 "The Battle of Mount Cadmus took place near Laodicea on January 6, 1148, during the Second Crusade. The French crusader army, led by Louis VII of France, was defeated by the Seljuks of Rum." de Warenne, William III 3rd Earl of Surrey (I11512)
 
79 "The Battle of Río Burbia or the Battle of the Burbia River was a battle fought in the year 791 between the troops of the Kingdom of Asturias, commanded by King Bermudo I of Asturias, and the troops of the Emirate of Córdoba, led by Yusuf ibn Bujt. The battle occurred in the context of the Ghazws of Hisham I against the Christian rebels of the northern Iberian Peninsula. The battle took place near the Río Burbia, in the area which is today known as Villafranca del Bierzo. The battle resulted in Andalusian victory." Asturias, Vermudo I de King of Asturias (I18959)
 
80 "The Battle of Simancas (also called Alhandega or al-Khandaq) was a military battle that started on July 19, 939, in the Iberian Peninsula between the troops of the king of León Ramiro II and Cordovan caliph Abd al-Rahman III near the walls of the city of Simancas. The battle decided the control of the lands of the Duero. * * * The battle lasted some days, with the allied Christian troops emerging victorious and routing the Cordovan forces."  González de Castilla, Fernán Conde de Castilla (I18167)
 
81 "The Constitution"
Atlanta, Georgia

June 5, 1917

W. H. Huguley, West Point

West Point, Ga., June 4 - (Special) - W. H. Huguley, one of West Point's most highly respected citizens, died at his home here this morning at the age of 87. He was born in Troup county and had lived in this community all his life. He was a confederate veteran and a brother of Colonel George H. Huguley, a distinguished officer in the confederate army. Mr. Huguley succeeded his father, the late George H. Huguley, as president of the Georgia-Alabama Manufacturing company, but retired from business in 1890 to resume his farming interests. Mr. Huguley is survived by his wife, four sisters, Mrs. A. Jackson and Mrs. L. Lanier of West Point, Mrs. L. H. Yancey and Mrs. R. M. Goodall, of Birmingham, and four sons, W. T. Huguley of New York and Washington; G. A., W. H., and Amos Huguley of West Point. 
Huguley, William Henderson (I10399)
 
82 "The date of John's birth is traditionally set as December 24, 1167, at Oxford (Handbook of British Chronology, ed. E. B. Frye et al. (London, 3rd edn, 1986), p. 37), but this is wrong on almost every count." John I King of England (I10786)
 
83 "The day after the council met, Tecumseh, with a suite of twenty-four warriors, marched into the centre of the square, and stood still and erect as so many statues. They were dressed in tanned buckskin huntingshirt and leggins, fitting closely, so as to exhibit their muscular development, and they wore a profusion of silver ornaments; their faces were painted red and black. Each warrior carried a rifle, tomahawk, and war-club. They were the most athletic body of men I ever saw. The famous Jim Bluejacket was among them. Tecumseh was about six feet high, well put together, not so stout as some of his followers, but of an austere countenance and imperial mien. He was in the prime of life. The Shawnees made no salutation, but stood facing the council-house, not looking to the right or the left. Throughout the assembly there was a dead silence. At length the Big Warrior, a noted chief of the Creeks and a man of colossal proportions, slowly approached, and handed his pipe to Tecumseh. It was passed in succession to each of his warriors; and then the Big Warrior- not a word being spoken- pointed to a large cabin, a few hundred yards from the square, which had previously been furnished with skins and provisions. Tecumseh and his band, in single file, marched to it. At night they danced, in the style peculiar to the northern tribes, in front of this cabin, and the Creeks crowded around, but no salutations were exchanged. Every morning the chief sent an interpreter to the council-house to announce that he would appear and deliver his talk, but before the council broke up another message came that "the sun had traveled too far, and he would talk next day." At length Colonel Hawkins became impatient, and ordered his horses to be packed. I told him the Shawnees intended mischief; that I noted much irritation and excitement among the Creeks, and he would do well to remain. He derided my notions, declared that the Creeks were entirely under his control and could not be seduced, that Tecumseh's visit was merely one of show and ceremony, and he laughingly added, 'Sam, you are getting womanly and cowardly.' I warned him that there was danger ahead, and that, with his permission, as I had a depot of goods in the nation, I would watch them a while longer. We then packed up and publicly left the ground, and rode twelve miles to the Big Spring, where Colonel Hawkins agreed to halt for a day or two, and I returned at night to the vicinity of the council ground, where I fell in with young Bill Milfort, a handsome half-blood, nearly white, whom I had once nursed through a dangerous illness. Bill-alas! that he should have been doomed to perish by my hand- was strongly attached to me, and agreed to apprise me when Tecumseh was ready to deliver his talk. Next day, precisely at twelve, Bill summoned me. I saw the Shawnees issue from their lodge; they were painted black, and entirely naked except the flap about their loins. Every weapon but the war-club-then first introduced among the Creeks-had been laid aside. An angryscowl sat on all their visages: they looked like a procession of devils. Tecumseh led, the warriors followed, one in the footsteps of the other. The Creeks, in dense masses, stood on each side of the path, but the Shawnees noticed no one; they marched to the pole in the centre of the square, and then turned to the left." Milfort, Will (I6024)
 
84 "The key moment, indeed in this transformation [anglicisation] of Scottish society took place in the middle of the twelfth century during the reign of King David I." David I King of Scotland (I4865)
 
85 "The knight of whom we are about to speak was the eldest son of the executed Lord Hungerford of Heytesbury. The family pedigrees agree in making him born of Lord Hungerford's first wife, Susan Danvers; but the inscription written beneath an existing portrait describes Sir Walter as being aged forty-two in 1574. If that statement is correct, he must have been born of Alicia Sandys, Lord Hungerford's second wife, whom he married in 1527." Hungerford, Walter (I16575)
 
86 "The lands, between Ebenezer and Briar Creek, belonged to the Uchees, who refused to dispose of them. But to secure this part of the country, two forts were built on the South Carolina side of the [Savannah] river, which answered the purpose. Establishments were made at Silver Bluff, and at the falls of the Savannah, where the town of Augusta was laid out, warehouses erected, and a garrison thrown into a small fort. Augusta immediately became a general resort for Indian traders, where they purchased annually about two thousand pack-horse loads of peltry. Six hundred white persons were engaged in this trade, including townsmen, pack-horse men and servants. Boats, each capable of carrying down the river a large quantity of peltry, were built, and four or five voyages were annually made with them to Charleston. A trading highway was opened to Savannah on which few of the creeks were bridged, or marches and swamps causewayed.

He who became the wealthiest and most conspicuous of all these Indian traders, was George Galphin, a native of Ireland. When quite a young man, he established himself upon the site of De Soto's ancient Cutifachiqui, where the remarkable adventurer first discovered the Savannah river, in 1540. Upon the site of this old Indian town, on the east bluff of the Savannah, in Barnwell District, South Carolina, now called Silver Bluff, and at present the property of Gov. Hammond, young Galphin first begun to trade with the Creek Indians. Although he made Silver Bluff his headquarters, he had trading houses in Savannah and Augusta. He was a man of fine address, great sense, commanding person, untiring energy and unsurpassed bravery. His power was felt and his influence exerted even to the banks of the Mississippi. Among the Upper and Lower Creeks, Cherokees, Chickasaws and Choctaws, he sent forth numerous pack-horse men, with various merchandise, who brought back to Georgia almost countless skins and furs, kegs of bears' oil, hickory-nut oil, snake root and medicinal barks, which he shipped to England. He often went himself into these nations, fearlessly trading in the immediate vicinity of the French Fort Toulouse [near present-day Wetumptka, Alabama], upon the Coosa. Commercial policy and an amorous disposition led him to form connections with several females, who were called his wives, and from whom descended many intelligent and influential persons, now inhabiting Georgia, Alabama and the Arkansas Territory."
 
Galphin, George I (I5426)
 
87 "The March of Genoa or Eastern Liguria was created in 961 by the Emperor Otto I. It was originally called either the marca Obertenga after its first holder, Oberto I, or the marca Januensis after its original capital and chief city, Genoa. Its creation was part of a general reorganisation of the northwest of Italy into three frontier districts. Western Liguria became the March of Montferrat and the interior became the March of Turin. It comprised the counties of Luni, Tortona, Milan, and Genoa." Obizzo, Oberto I Margrave of Genoa (I19129)
 
88 "The marriage of Sir Nicholas Poyntz with one of the two daughters of Sir Ralph Verney is recorded on a monument in the middle of Clayton Church, co. Bucks. The other daughter married Sir Francis Hynde, of Madingby, co. Cambridge, Knt. (Topographer, vol. ii, p. 366.) Two of these ladies' brothers were tried for their share in Dudley's conspiracy. (Verney Papers, Camden Society.)"
 
Family F0596
 
89 "The precise date of the death of Hugh Pointz is not stated, but it doubtless occurred before the 24th December, 1307, for on that date, Nicholas, his son and successor by Margaret daughter of Sir William Paveley, was commissioned as one of the Conservators of the Peace in the County of Dorset, and on the 17th March following he was granted special powers for preventing tortuous prises, &c. On the 21st June in the same year he was summoned to perform military service in person against the Scots, to muster at Carlisle in the octave of the Assumption. On the 4th March, 2nd Edw. II (1308-9) he was summoned to attend a parliament at Westminster in one month of Easter, and on 9th June in the following year he was summoned to attend a parliament at Stamford on Monday next after the feast of St. James the Apostle (27th July), having been on the 20th June preceding requested to prepare to join an expedition against the Scots in such a manner as should be ordained at that parliament. On 30th July, 1309, he was summoned to a muster at Newcastle-upon-Tyne to perform military service in person against the same nation, and on 26th October in the same year he was summoned to a parliament at York on Monday next after the Purification following. Whether his health was failing him at this time we know not, but on the 1st of April he was enjoined to proceed with greater activity in executing the commission for the conservancy, 4 and on 2nd August he was earnestly requested to attend the muster at Berwick-upon-Tweed, 5 and on 17th September following he proffers the service of the knight's fee for his manor of Cory Malet performed by two 'Servientes' with two barbed horses. He was one of the Supervisors of Array in the counties of Dorset and Somerset and also leader of the levies, and by writ tested at Berwick on 20th May, 1311, the sheriff was commanded to pay his expenses, 7 and on the 28th of the same month he was requested to proceed against the Scots with as many followers as he could raise. 8 On the 16th June in the same year he was summoned to a parliament to be held at London on Monday next before the feast of St. Lawrence, 8th August, 1311. He was twice married : first to Elizabeth, daughter of Edward de la Zouch of Harringworth, and secondly to Matilda, the heir of Sir John Acton of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester. In the inquisition taken at Schyreburn for the county of Dorset on 16th August, 1311, after his death the jurors found that the said Nicholas together with Elizabeth, sometime his wife, were conjointly enfeoffed of the manor of Stoke St. Edward in the county of Gloucester with appurtenance of the gift and feoffment of Miles de Monte Alto to hold the same to the said Nicholas and Elizabeth in free marriage of the Earl of Gloucester as a member of the manor of Sutton which the said Earl holds by the service of two knights, and the jurors say that Hugh Pointz is son and nearest heir of the said Nicholas, and was aged 18 years on the feast of All Saints last past.

In the Inquisition taken at Hoo for the county of Kent, the jurors find that the said Nicholas died seized of the manor of Hoo, which he held of the King in capite, and they say further that he held on the day on which he died the manor of Lollynggeston conjointly with Matilda his wife, which said Manor was acquired of Eeymond Heryng to have and to hold to him and the heirs of his body by fine in the Court of the King, and they say the said manor is held of the Archbishop of Canterbury by the service of one knight's fee.

He was also found to have died seized of the manor of Tokinton in the county of Gloucester by the same tenure as before stated, and Hugh Pointz was found to be his son and nearest heir, and to be aged 18 years and more.

To these Inquisitions is annexed the extent of the knights' fees which were held by the said Nicholas Poyntz of the King in capite for the counties of Dorset and Somerset, and which by reason of his death fell into the King's hands. Of the fees held by him in Gloucester and other counties no return is found.

* * *

The custody of the lands of Nicholas Poyntz, together with the knights' fees, upon the payment of seven hundred marks into the Treasury, was granted to William le Latimer to hold until the legal age of the heir of the said Nicholas. This grant from some cause fell through, and soon afterwards the King, upon the payment of a like sum into the Exchequer by William Eydal, sold to the same William the custody of the lands and tenements which belonged to Nicholas Poynz, deceased, to hold with the knights' fees, advowsons of churches, and all other tilings to the same custody belonging, until the legal age of the heir of the said Nicholas.

In 1314 Matilda relict of Nicholas Poyntz had an assignment of dower in her late husband's lands.

In 1316 Hugh Poynes, being then of full age, was certified, pursuant to writ tested at Clipston on 5th March, as lord or joint lord of the hundred of Hoo in Kent and of the Advowsons of the churches of SS. Margaret and Werburgh at Hoo, of the manor of Tockington in Gloucestershire, of Curry Malet in Somerset, and of Eockley in Wilts.
"
 
Poyntz, Nicholas 2nd Baron Poyntz of Cory Mallet (I11876)
 
90 "The Sack of Constantinople or Siege of Constantinople occurred in 1204 and marked the culmination of the Fourth Crusade. Mutinous Crusader armies captured, looted, and destroyed parts of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. After the capture, the Latin Empire was established and Baldwin of Flanders was crowned Emperor Baldwin I of Constantinople in the Hagia Sophia." Saint-Pol, Hugh IV de Comte de Saint-Pol (I10969)
 
91 "The second owner of the manor, Sir Robert Poyntz, who died in the 17th of Henry VI., 1439) is famous in our parochial annals. Three slabs in the church mark his grave and the graves of his two wives-the first, Ann (I know not of what family), and the second, Catharine, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Fitz-Nichols, a member of the Berkeley family. This Sir Robert Poyntz is undoubtedly associated with the erection of the unique and beautiful preaching cross which stands in our churchyard; for the shields which it carries have the arms of Acton and FitzNichols incised upon them; the arms of Acton (quarterly, per fesse dancette, argent and gules), borne by Sir Robert Poyntz, as Lord of the manor of Acton; and the arms of Fitz-Nichols (quarterly gules and or, a bend argent) borne by his second wife, Catharine. The date of the cross is thus clearly assigned to a period to which its architecture exactly corresponds, the beginning of the 15th century. A more difficult question has arisen with regard to the connection of Sir Robert Poyntz with the existing fabric of the church. Round the verge of his slab runs the inscription: "Here lyth Roberd Poyntz, Lord of Iren Acton and thys stepyl here maked who deyde thefyflene day of Junne, the year of owre Lord Mccccxx[xix] of whos soule God have mercy, Amen." Lysons, who gives a copy of the slab, naturally infers from these words that Sir Robert Poyntz built the tower of the church. But the tower is of an earlier date than the body of the church, and, if its architectural features can be trusted, it can scarcely have been built during the life of Sir Robert Poyntz. The church itself he might have built; the preaching cross he certainly did build. If the word "stepyl" could be applied to the tall and elegant canopied preaching cross, the difficulty would be solved. Otherwise I am inclined to believe that Sir Robert Poyntz built the tower, choosing a style of architecture already somewhat oldfashioned, or, perhaps, completing a tower which had been begun in the Decorated style some years before." Poyntz, Robert (I11872)
 
92 "The Siege of Acre was the first significant counter attack by King Guy of Jerusalem to the losses the kingdom experienced to Saladin, leader of the Muslims in Syria and Egypt and formed part of what later became known as the Third Crusade. The siege lasted from August 1189 until July 1191, in which time the city's coastal position meant the attacking Latin force were unable to fully invest the city and Saladin was unable to fully relieve it with both sides receiving supplies and resources by sea. Finally, it was a key victory for the Crusaders and a serious setback for Saladin's ambition to destroy the Crusader States." Saint-Pol, Hugh IV de Comte de Saint-Pol (I10969)
 
93 "The Siege of Damascus took place between 24 July and 29 July 1148, during the Second Crusade. It ended in a decisive crusader defeat and led to the disintegration of the crusade. The two main Christian forces that marched to the Holy Land in response to Pope Eugene III and Bernard of Clairvaux's call for the Second Crusade were led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany. Both faced disastrous marches across Anatolia in the months that followed, with most of their armies being destroyed. The original focus of the crusade was Edessa (Urfa), but in Jerusalem, the preferred target of King Baldwin III and the Knights Templar was Damascus. At the Council of Acre, magnates from France, Germany, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem decided to divert the crusade to Damascus." France, Robert I de Seigneur de Dreux (I10909)
 
94 "The slab of Catharine Fitz-Nichols, second wife of this Sir Robert Poyntz, bears a few letters round the verge which enable us to identify it; but it was used two centuries afterwards to serve as a memorial of Elizabeth, wife of Robert Poyntz Esq. who died in 1631." FitzNichol, Katherine (I11873)
 
95 "The Wedding

One of the Most Beautiful Brides Griffin Has Ever Seen
Beautiful Decorations and Solemn Ceremony

The wedding of Miss Effie Dickenson to Mr. Jackson Garland last night was an occasion that filled the Baptist church to its utmost limits with the many friends and admirers of the bride and groom. The church was adorned with four arches of evergreen and holly, and the bride and groom faced the audience, with the attendants ranged on either side, forming a beautiful semi-circle. Shortly after the appointed hour the ceremony took place, and was performed in a very impressive manner by Rev. F.M. Daniel. The bride was dressed in white silk, with orange blossoms and long veil, and was one of the most exquisitely lovely pictures we have ever seen. The bridesmaids were also attired in white silk, full dress, and presenting an imposing array of beauty. They were Misses Bessie Mills, Mary Burr, Ione Hammond, Annie Bates, Hattie Head, Ora Boyd, Mary Niles and Eunice Green. The groomsmen were Will Davis, Allen Bates, Lewis Niles, F. G. Bailey, Henry Amos, Bird Garland, Arthur Stewart and Otis Couch, all attired like the groom, in Prince Alberts.

After the ceremony an elegant reception was held at the residence of the bride's mother, which was attended by many invited guests until a late hour. The presents were numerous and elegant."

The Griffin Daily News and Sun. Griffin, Georgia, Thursday Morning, December 19, 1889

 
Family F0432
 
96 "This brings a curious political alignment to the fore, for John de Charlton's younger brother Thomas had been the king's unsuccessful candidate for the see of Hereford, which had been given to [Adam of] Orleton. Both Orleton and Thomas de Charlton had been clerks close to the royal household, and the two men went together to Avignon to petition the Pope on behalf of the king to appoint Henry de Burghersh to the see of Lincoln. * * * In these friendships with ecclesiastics - Orleton, Charlton, Burghersh, as well as Alexander Bicknor (Archbishop of Dublin) and John de Hotham already mention - Roger [de Mortimer] was building an educated and diplomatic power base as well as a military one." Family F4591
 
97 "This regiment was organized at Auburn, in May 1862 and proceeded at once to Corinth. At Tupelo it lost many men by disease, but in the autumn moved into Kentucky in Patton Anderson's brigade. It charged a battery at Perryville, and suffered very severely in casualties. The regiment came out of Kentucky with the army, and was soon after engaged in the battle of Murfreesboro, where its casualties were numerous. Placed in the brigade of Gen. Wood of Lauderdale, Cleburne's division, (with the Sixteenth, Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth, and Thirty-third Alabama), the Forty-fifth remained on duty with the Army of Tennessee, passing the first half of the year 1863 at Tullahoma. It fought under the eye of Cleburne at Chicamauga, and its mutilated ranks told the eloquent story of its services. Gen. Mark Lowery of Mississippi succeeded to the command of the brigade, and the Forty-fifth was present at Mission Ridge and Ringgold Gap with slight loss. The winter was passed at Dalton, and the regiment took a full share in the Dalton-Atlanta Campaign, especially at Resaca, and at New Hope, where Cleburne's division grappled with Logan's corps. On the 22d of July, at Atlanta, Death reveled in its ranks, and half the regiment went down on the hard-fought field. Six weeks later it again fought " where Cleburne crossed the line" at Jonesboro, with considerable loss. Then followed the long and disastrous march into Tennessee. The Forty-fifth opened the battle at Franklin the evening before by a brilliant fight at Springhill, and the next day was in the bloody and desperate assault of Cleburne's division on the enemy's works, and was almost annihilated around the corpse of its heroic division commander. Its colors floated before Nashville, and a remnant of the Fort-fifth moved into North Carolina. It was there consolidated with other Alabama regiments, and surrendered with Gen Johnston's forces."  Dickinson, Mark Smith (I8942)
 
98 "This region became part of the Central New York Military Tract, used to compensate New York soldiers for service in the military during the War for Independence." Sutton, Jeremiah (I17457)
 
99 "To the Honorable Legislature of Mississippi Teritory, Governor and Council:

The Humble Petition of Joseph Stiggins Showeth that having formerly resided in the Creek Nation amongst the Indians and marrying an Inddian woman by whom I had Children, that I moved to the Country and Edicated and brought up to the Cristian Religion, and finding it Disagreeable that by the law of our Teritory that they can't have their oath though borne of a free woman. Your petitioner prayeth that they may be Released from that Disability the same that their oldest brother, George Stiggins, was by his own petition. Viz: Mary Stiggins, Susannah Stiggins, Nancy Stiggins and Robert G. Stiggins their poserity this Indulgence your petitioner thinks he justly Intitled to whilst he is forever Bound to pray.

/s/ Joh Stiggins
August 1, 1811"

Source: Record Group 5 (Legislative Records, Territorial Archives), Volume 26, Petitions of the general Assembly, 1810-1816, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, Mississippi.
 
Bryars, Lazarus John (I0642)
 
100 "Towards the middle of the ninth century, the country around Bruges was governed by a marquess or "forester" named Baldwin, whose bravery in fighting the Northmen had won him the surname of Iron Arm. Baldwin married Judith, daughter of the Emperor Charles the Bald, and received from his father-in-law, with the title of count, the country bounded by the North Sea, the Scheldt, and the Canche. Thus was founded, in 864, the County of Flanders. Baldwin I was a warm protector of the clergy, and made large grants of land to churches and abbeys. He died in 878."  "Iron Arm", Baldwin I Count of Flanders (I9449)
 

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