Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

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Matches 101 to 150 of 2,770

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101 "On 17 November the Earl of Arundel and two of his associates, John Daniel and Thomas de Micheldever, were beheaded. In the words of the chronicler Murimuth, Roger [de Mortimer] hated these men with a 'perfect hatred'. The earl had been a sworn enemy of Galveston ever since the tournament of Wallingford. He had moreover taken arms against Roger's uncle [Mortimer of Chirk] in 1312. He had opposed Roger and his uncle during the Despenser war, had taken the lands of Roger's uncle and some of Roger's own estates. He had been part of the embassy which had persuaded Roger to surrender at Shrewsbury by giving the false guarantee that his life would be saved. His defense of Hugh Despenser was just another reason for him to suffer the full penalty of the law."  FitzAlan, Edmund 9th Earl of Arundel (I11409)
 
102 "On 18 February 1229, Frederick agreed terms with the Ayyubid sultan. In return for a ten year truce and Frederick's military protection against all enemies, even Christians, al-Kamil surrendered Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Nazareth, together with a corridor of land linking the Holy City with the coast. Muslims were to retain access to the Haram as-Sharif, with their own qadi to supervise this sacred area, but otherwise they were to abandon the city. For the first time in forty years the Holy Sepulchre would again be in Christian hands- an excommunicate emperor had achieved what no crusader since 1187 could, and all without spilling a single drop of blood." Staufen, Friedrich II von King of Sicily and Germany, HRE (I12415)
 
103 "On 22 August 1358, Isabella, the queen mother, died after a short but severe illness. Her body was brought to London for burial at the Franciscan church at Newgate, in a service overseen by the archbishop of Canterbury, Simon Islip, and attended by the entire royal family. In her last hours, Isabella had asked to be buried in her wedding dress and requested that Edward II's heart, placed in a casket some thirty years earlier, be interred next to her. Her final wishes were honoured." France, Isabella of Queen Consort of England (I10781)
 
104 "On the 24th of May, 1554, Queen Mary gave him [Hungerford], in reward for his 'various services,' a further grant of the lands, &c, forfeited by his late father, and amongst these 'the manor and castle of Farley.' So the Hungerfords held again their ancestral home, and Walter had a respectable estate to boast of. He now seems to have lost no time in taking a wife, as, but a fortnight after obtaining the grant of Farley, he married Anne Basset. One Robert Swyfte, writing from London to the Earl of Shrewsbury, under date of 1 ith June, 1554, thus describes the wedding:-

On Thursday last was married at Richmond, Basset the Queen's maid, to Mr Hungerfurthe, son and heir to Lord Hungerfurthe, at which day the Queen shewed herself very pleasant, commanding all mirth and pastime.

However, this marriage, celebrated as it was under such favourable auspices, must have been of short duration, as four years later, on the 5th of July, 1558, the Queen made Walter another grant, in consideration of his then marriage with Anne, one of the daughters of Sir William Dormer of Ascot, from whom, eleven years afterwards-namely, in 1569, he was divorced." 
Family F5126
 
105 "One of the first Indian traders was George Galphin, an Irishman. He raised a large family; and of the five varieties of the human family; he raised children from three, and no doubt would have gone the whole hog, but the Malay and Mongol were out of his reach. His white children were of the highest and most polished order- Mrs. Governor Milledge was one of them. He had two negroes, Mina, a woman, and Ketch, a man; they were brother and sister. He raised one daughter from Mina and called her Barbary. She married an Irishman by the name of Holmes, and raised Dr. Thomas G. Holmes, whom Col. Pickett often alludes to in his History of Alabama, as having had conversations with him. At Galphin's death Mina was set free and died at old Timothy Barnard's, on the Flint river, Ga., many years back. Ketch was an interpreter among the Indians for Galpin- was his stock minder- kept stock at Galphin's cowpens, where Louisville in Jefferson county, Ga., now stands, and which was once the seat of government of that state. Ketch helped put up the first cabin at old Galphinton, on the Ogeechee, for an Indian trading house. At Galphin's death Ketch was sold, and was purchased by Gen. [John] Twiggs of the revolution. He was a body servant of Gen Twiggs during the war. At the close of the war, Ketch left his master and went into the Creek Nation. * * * Gen. Twiggs gave Ketch to me. He (Ketch) was about six feet six inches high, very straight, and retained his bodily strength as well as mental faculties, to a most astonishing degree. The Gen. did not give me Ketch expecting me to profit by it, but wished him cared for in his old age, as he had been a faithful servant to his father in trying times. I purchased Ketch's family, and he live till 1840. I buried him under a large oak about a mile from Tuskegee, a place that he selected for that purpose. I had a little mill on a creek near Tuskegee, where I kept Ketch and several other Indian negroes, and here I used to spend much time listening to them tell over old occurrences of by-gone days. From the best calculations we could make, Ketch lived to be near a hundred years old." Galphin, George I (I5426)
 
106 "Oxford's sufferings were intense: he was disembowelled, then castrated, and finally, still conscious, burned alive." Vere, John de 12th Earl of Oxford (I14893)
 
107 "Pedro Castile's treatment of his wife, Blache of Bourbon, was atrocious. When she travelled to Valladolid for their marriage, Pedro first kept her waiting there for several months before joining her for a hurried ceremony, and then immediately abandoned her for his mistress, Maria de Padilla. The unfortunate Blanche was first kept in close captivity, then subjected to solitary confinement and finally murdered, most likely at Pedro's instigation." Family F6883
 
108 "Philip still harboured hopes of launching an invasion of England and to this end had entered negotiations for a marriage alliance with Denmark. On 15 August 1193 he married Ingeborg, the daughter of King Cnut VI. As a successor of the famous Cnut, the eleventh-century conqueror and king of England, Cnut VI possessed both a tenuous claim to the throne of England and a fleet. Philip was interested in both these assets but, unfortunately for Ingeborg, he had lost interest by the morning after the wedding. He repudiated his new wife and tried to return her to the custody of the Danish envoys who had escorted her to Franc. They refused to take her back and departed in haste, leaving Ingeborg to her fate. For years Philip was to endure the condemnation of the Church rather than have Ingeborg as his queen. His dream of a new Danish invasion of England had become a domestic nightmare." Family F5930
 
109 "Philip was going home a humiliated, and therefore dangerous man. He had been humiliated at Messina when Richard repudiated his sister, and now he had been humiliated again. Perhaps if 'all' his nobles had chosen to go back with him, it might not have been too bad. But only Peter of Nevers did; most, including the most famous knight among them, William des Barres, as well as the most powerful prince, the duke of Burgundy, chose to stay with the crusade." France, Philippe II de King of France (I10981)
 
110 "PICKENS, Andrew, (grandfather of Francis Wilkinson Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Paxton, Bucks County, Pa., September 13, 1739; attended the common schools; moved with his parents to the Waxhaw settlement in South Carolina in 1752; served in the provincial militia in the campaign against the Cherokee Indians in 1760; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of militia and attained the rank of brigadier general; commanded an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in 1782; member of the state house of representatives 1781-1794; one of the commissioners named to settle the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia in 1787; member of the state constitutional convention in 1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); appointed major general of militia in 1795; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1797; member of the state house of representatives 1800-1812; declined the nomination for governor in 1812; died in Tomassee, Pendleton District, S.C., August 11, 1817; interment in Old Stone Churchyard, near Pendleton, S.C."  Pickens, Gen. Andrew (I15243)
 
111 "Polly Bailey became the wife of Sizemore who kept a ferry at what is now Gainestown. She was an expert in swimming, and sometimes acted as ferryman. Sizemore lived on the west side of the Alabama and did not take refuge in Fort Mims. Peggy Bailey lived with her mother, an Indian woman, on the east side. Mrs. Sizemore lived to a great age in Baldwin county, and died in 1862. Her daughter, who became Mrs. Podgett, was living in 1890, then one hundred years old." Family F1517
 
112 "Prancis, second son of Nicholas Poyntz, held some office in the Court of Queen Elizabeth. We know nothing of him beyond what is disclosed by certain proceedings in Chancery, taken upon the complaint of William Plobbes of London, yeoman, on 16th Nov. 1590." Poyntz, Francis (I3979)
 
113 "Ralph may have still been alive in Normandy in 1137 when he was at least 77 years old." Mortimer, Ralph I de Lord of Wigmore (I12791)
 
114 "Raymond, Count of Toulouse, had already fought Islam in Spain; now, in old age, he dedicated himself and his vast fortune to the larger war; but a haughty temper spoiled his nobility, and avarice stained his piety." Toulouse, Raymond IV de Comte de Toulouse (I19361)
 
115 "Relations between the king [Edward II] and the Earl of Lancaster [Thomas of Lancaster] were at a particularly low point. The rise of Hugh Despenser and three new favorites, namely Walter de Montagu, Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, had created a great antagonism between the king and Lancaster. Damory was the king's latest infatuation, and had received the hand in marriage of one of the three heiresses of the earldom of Gloucester. Audley, a second favorite, had received the hand in marriage of the last unmarried Gloucester heiress, the third heiress being married already to Hugh Despenser. These men were described by some chroniclers as being 'worse than Galveston' in their effect on the king. But they were given the largest portion of the Gloucester inheritance, and constituted a real threat to Lancaster's influence and power." Family F4368
 
116 "RELATIONSHIP of JONATHAN SWIFT And JOHN DRYDEN- In the Life of Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, by Craik, published in 1882, it is stated that the grandmother of the dean was Elizabeth Dryden, niece of sir Erasmus Dryden, and sister of the rev. Jonathan Dryden. In the pedigree of the Dryden family, published by Baker in his History of the County, no Elizabeth, niece of sir Erasmus, appears. There is no reason to doubt that the rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, married an Elizabeth Dryden, a member of the Northamptonshire family. As her name was Dryden she was the daughter of some male Dryden. Malone, who wrote the life of John Dryden, states in a private letter that it was said that the rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, was married to one of the daughters of sir Erasmus, and this he thinks was not true; and in his Life of Dryden 1., p. 238, conjectures that she was the daughter of a brother of sir Erasmus.

Taking all the known facts into consideration there appears but one way of explaining the relationship. Elizabeth, the daughter of sir Erasmus, married sir Richard Phillips, bart. Of the seven brothers of sir Erasmus only two are recorded to have married, and the marriage of one of them is put as doubtful in Baker; but Nicholas Dryden, of Moreton Pinkney, married Mary Emyley, and had, according to Baker, three sons, Jonathan, John, and Godwin, and one daughter, Susanna. Jonathan, the eldest, was born about 1601. If this Nicholas had also a daughter Elizabeth, who married the rev. Thomas Swift, and if his son Jonathan became a clergyman, the matter would be clear.

The rev. Thomas Swift had ten sons, of whom one was named Godwin, and another (the father of the dean) was named Jonathan, which names we can fairly suppose they obtained from the two sons of Nicholas Dryden, if we assume that the mother was a daughter of the said Nicholas. All the dates so far as we have them agree with the supposition I have stated. It is recorded that the poet Dryden and dean Swift called each other 'cousins.' According to the supposition the dean was second cousin once removed to the poet, Malone supposes that Jonathan Dryden, the brother of Elizabeth Swift, had a son who was the Jonathan Dryden, who was born in 1639, at Westminster school and fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and was almost certainly the rev. Jonathan Dryden who was rector of Scrayingham and prebendary of York, and was buried in York cathedral in 1702, who had a son Jonathan born in 1701, who died in 1740.

The rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, was a strong royalist. He built a peculiar house, dated 1636, with large cellars, with a view to storage in troublous times. 'This Thomas Swift, born in 1595, became a man of some mark amid stirring scenes.' When the rebellion broke out 'In spite of his profession, the vicar of Goodrich was of too fervent a spirit to hold aloof from the struggle. It had scarcely opened before he became known amongst the Parliamentarian ranks for a delinquent. The royal standard had been raised in Nottingham, in August, 1649. In October of the same year Thomas Swift?s stout horses and thriving homestead were visited by the Parliamentary marauders.'

Mr. Craik gives many particulars of this vicar and his family, 'This doughty vicar died in 1658, and was buried underneath the altar of the church of which he had been the vicar, and near which stood his battered house.'" 
Family F2865
 
117 "Rev. James Lazarus Bryars" by Judith Richbourg Jolly. Published in Footprints, December 2001 edition, a publication of the West Florida Genealogical Society. Used by permission of the author.

Rev. James Lazarus Bryars, a well-known and respected Baptist minister in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, FL, as well as in Escambia and Baldwin Counties, AL, began preaching at age 24. Among the churches he organized in Escambia County, FL were Pleasant Hill Baptist Church (1856) and Oak Grove Baptist Church (1883).

In Escambia County, AL, he organized Sardis at Wawbeek (July 1865) and First Baptist Church in Flomaton (1878). A Sunday afternoon preaching point begun in 1870 became First Baptist Church, Atmore in 1886. For many years, James Lazarus walked four and one-half miles from his Florida home to the Williams Station sawmill of John Roberts. His daughters swept the sawmill floor and then James Lazarus stood pine blocks upon end and laid rough slabs across them to seat his faithful congregation.

In 1882, he organized the Perdido Baptist Church in Baldwin County, AL. The churches and preaching stations he served in Santa Rosa County included Cora, Coon Hill, Damascus, Pine Level, and Spring Hill. In 1872, James Lazarus Bryars was one of the founders of the Elim Baptist Association, which included the churches in all four counties.

James Lazarus Byrars was born 07 December 1832 in Stockton, Baldwin County, AL, one of seven children (Elizabeth Ann, Isabelle, Mary Catherine, Mildred Lucivy, Benjamin Henry, and Sarah Francis) of Charles Edward Bryars and his wife, Catherine Margaret Hubbard. Charles Edward and Catherine Margaret were born in South Carolina.

James Lazarus Bryars married Erin Elizabeth "Lizzie" Miles in Escambia County, FL on 01 March 1857. Born near Miles Crossing at Wawbeek, Escambia County, AL in 1838, she was one of nine children (Burgess, Margaret, John, Irena, William Zebedee, Lucretia Ellen, Francis Marion, and Theresa Anetta) of James Miles and his wife, Lucretia Ellen "Nellie" Franklin. James and "Nellie" were born in South Carolina.

James Lazarus and Erin Elizabeth were the parents of James Zebedee (18 October 1857 ~ 21 December 1921), Ellen Lucretia (02 August 1859 ~ 01 January 1945), Benjamin Francis (30 November 1861 ~ 03 October 1922), Margaret Catherine (03 March 1864 ~ 09 March 1947), Charles D. (27 June 1866 ~ 07 January 1883), and Lucy Elizabeth (02 August 1868 ~ July 1906). Erin Elizabeth Miles Brysrs, age 30, died 20 August 1868 and was buried in the Miles family plot at the Bowman Cemetery in Wawbeek, Escambia County, Alabama.

The second wife of James Lazarus Bryars was Malinda Caroline Daily. Born 29 August 1834, presumably in Monroe County, AL, she was the oldest of four children (Francis P., Mark Hawkins, and Eliza J.) of John Daily and his wife Sarah, both born in SC. John and Sarah married 20 September 1833 in Monroe County, AL. John's father was John S. Daily, a Lutheran clergyman.

Malinda Caroline became a mother to James Lazarus' six young children. In addition, Malinda Caroline and James Lazarus were the parents of John Lazarus (22 October 1870 ~ 04 March 1875) and Judson Rudolph (06 March 1873 ~ 11 September 1938). The family lived at Bluff Springs on land homesteaded by James Lazarus Bryars and granted to him in Patent Certificate #13254. He raised stock, including cattle and hogs, farmed, and cultivated fruit trees.

The children attended Bluff Springs School. From his home, James Lazarus traveled his circuit, which included as many as 20 churches at one time. Representative of his work was the year 1882, in which he recorded 3,775 miles and 194 sermons. He organized Sabbath Schools, baptized converts, made religious visits, ordained preachers and deacons, and officiated at marriages and funerals.

Among his congregations were established churches, including Pleasant Hill, Pine Barren, Beulah, Mitchell's Creek, Union Hill, and Pleasant Grove. He also preached at Ferry Pass, the Navy Yard, and in the lumber and sawmill camps along the Escambia and Perdido Rivers. Some of those worshipers gathered at McKinnon's Camp, Johnson's Camp, and Shelby's Camp.

He was paid a small sum by the Elim Association Missionary Board and he also received offerings from the churches where he preached. Some offerings were a few dollars. Some were 25 and 50 cents. Many times his compensation was a gallon of syrup, a bushel of flour, a hat, shoes, or socks.

In addition to his pastoral and preaching ministry, James Lazarus Bryars was elected Escambia County Surveyor and in 1885 was a member of the Escambia County School Board, serving with H. Crabtree, A. V. Clubbs, P. K. Yonge, and George S. Hallmark. At the time of his death at age 75 on 13 November 1908, he was the pastor of Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and Pine Barren Baptist Church. He was also the moderator of the Elim Baptist Association.

The news of his passing was published in the 14 November 1908 edition of the Pensacola Journal. It was noted that he was the oldest minister in point of service in the county, his service covering 52 years. His funeral was held at Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and interment was in the family plot at adjoining Crary Cemetery. Gravesite rites were spoken by his Masonic brethren. On his memorial stone are the words, Faithful is the saying: For if we died unto Him, we shall also reign with Him.

The Elim Baptist Association passed a resolution on the life and death of James Lazarus Bryars. It read in part,

"Whereas our Heavenly Father deemed it (in) the best interest of the tired, tottering, and worn frame of one of our fathers in Israel...(And whereas) Brother Bryars has given a lifelong warfare in defense of the Master's cause...Resolved that...Elim lost the author of its existence, an ardent supporter, and while we feel his loss, we bow in submission to the will of Him who doeth all things well."

Malinda Caroline Daily Bryars died 15 October 1917. She was buried in the unmarked, brick-outlined grave next to that of her husband.

 
Bryars, Rev. James Lazarus (I0120)
 
118 "Richard married Judith, daughter of the Duke of Brittany, by whom he had six children: Richard, his successor in the dukedom; Robert, who succeeded his elder brother; William, who became a monk in the abbey of Fecamp, and died very young in 1025; Alice, married to Renauld, Earl of Burgundy; Eleonora, to Baldwin, Earl of Flanders, and Papia, to Guilbert, of Saint Yalery. The duchess Judith founded the magnificent abbey of Bernay, in which she was buried."
 
Family F3168
 
119 "Robert of Sablé, numbered among Richard's most important feudal vassals and allies. Robert held a large swath of land around Le Mans, the Plantagenet family heartlands, and had been deeply involved in Richard's preparations for crusade in Anjou and Normandy over the spring and summer of 1190. He was one of the king's three admirals, and as well as commanding a large division of the royal fleet he had served as an ambassador when the army had overwintered in Sicily. He also sat on the official committee responsible for dividing up the possessions of crusaders who died on the journey. Richard trusted him deeply. Not long after his arrival at Acre Richard ordered Robert to take his vows as a Templar knight, whereupon the order promptly elected Robert of Sablé as their new master." Sablé, Grand Master Robert IV de Lord of Cyprus (I19624)
 
120 "Roger of Howden famously wrote of England in 1198 that 'by these and other vexations, whether justly or unjustly, the whole of England from sea to sea was reduced to poverty.' The 1198 Pipe Roll shows that revenue audited by the exchequer in that year came to £25,405, to which might be added another £1,000 or so as the yield from the carucage (in total about average for the years from 1194). But this total was dwarfed by the size of the sums which John was able to raise a dozen years later. Revenues audited at the exchequer in 1210, 1211, and 1212 came to £51913, £83,291 and £56,612 (all figures which exclude considerable amounts of income from other sources in those years). The history of taxation in England under John does not suggest that he had succeeded to an impoverished kingdom."  John I King of England (I10786)
 
121 "San Martín de Albelda was a Riojan monastery, whose ruins now lie within the municipal boundaries of Albelda de Iregua. It was an important and advanced cultural centre in Spain and western Europe during the tenth century. * * * It was founded on 5 January 924 by Sancho Garcés I and Toda Aznárez, monarchs of Navarre, in gratitude for the recent reconquest of Nájera and Viguera (923) in conjunction with Ordoño II of León." García, Sancho I King of Pamplona (I12227)
 
122 "Saw Mr. Mallory a moment at his room door; he has gout, his daughter is not pretty & her husband is a Connecticut yankee." The accompanying footnote advises: "Margaret (Mallory) Bishop, and her husband, Henry Bishop of Bridgeport, Conn." Mallory, Margaret Victoria (I15217)
 
123 "She was not a popular choice. Christian chroniclers call her a witch and a prostitute, but as Muslim sources reveal, the reality was much worse; she was actually an agent of Saladin." Family F6029
 
124 "Shortly after the peace the Duchess of Normandy died, without leaving children. All her personal effects were divided between the poor and the monasteries. Richard then determined to marry his mistress Gonnor, for which purpose he convened his barons, who readily gave their consent to the proposed union. All the Norman chroniclers represent her as a lady of high birth and breeding, but, in truth, her father was one of the duke's foresters. She was a great favourite with the clergy, having made large presents to the churches, particularly to Notre-Dame-de-Rouen, on which she bestowed some curious and beautiful embroidery, worked by herself and her maidens. She also caused precious cloths to be worked with silk, illustrating the history of the Virgin Mary and the saints. The six children of this connexion were Richard, who succeeded to the dukedom; Robert, archbishop of Rouen; Mauger, Earl of Corbeil; Emma, married to Ethelred, King of England; Hadwige, who espoused Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany; and Matilda, who was united to Odo, Earl of Chartres."
 
Family F3166
 
125 "Silpha Dickerson," age 90 years, is enumerated with the family of Levi D. Dickerson in the 1850 Upson County, Georgia Census. Her husband is "Wilburn," age 87. Carolyn Walker Nottingham and Evelyn Hannah, History of Upson County, Georgia (Vidalia, Georgia: Georgia Genealogical Reprints, 1969), 577. She is identified as "Gilpha" in the will of "Wimburn Dickinson." Id., 263. Daniel, Zilpha (I0309)
 
126 "Sir Nicholas Poyntz made his will 26th Feb., 1555-6. He names his son and heir Nicholas and his younger sons Francis, Anthony, Edmund, and John, but not his two daughters Frances and Anne, To his wife Dame Johan he gives his new house at Osilworth that standeth on the hill and the parke during her life, remainder to his second son Prancis for life. The will was proved by Johan Poyntz relict and executrix, 3rd July, 1557."
 
Family F0597
 
127 "So why did Elanor decide that this was the moment to precipitate a family crisis and begin 'la guerre senz amur'? It may be that there is a clue to this in something else that happened at Limoges. The homage sworn by Raymond of Toulouse was a great triumph for Henry II, but did Eleanor see it in that light? As duchess of Aquitaine she had inherited the ducal claim to Toulouse, but at Limoges Raymond had not only done homage to the dukes of Aquitaine, he had also done homage to the Young King. Did this mean that Aquitaine was going to be permanently subordinated to the ruler of the Anglo-Norman realm? The possibility must have made Eleanor's ancestors turn in their graves. Nor can it have been pleasing to Poitevin nobles. One of them, Hugh of Chauvigny, is reported to have hated all Englishmen. The death of Earl Patrick of Salisbury was still an episode which aroused harsh feelings on both sides." d'Aquitaine, Eleanor Duchess of Aquitaine (I10826)
 
128 "Somerset's expedition, undertaken in the late summer of 1443, was an aimless fiasco, which looked like a shallow attempt by the Beaufort family to endow themselves with booty seized and lands conquered in central France. It annoyed Richard, duke of York, who succeeded Bedford as lieutenant of France only to find his authority undercut by Beaufort's independent commission. And it wasted a vast amount of money. Somerset died shortly after his return, humiliated by his failure and very possibly driven to suicide. Cardinal Beaufrot now joined his rival Gloucester in being forced into effective political retirement." Beaufort, John Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal, KG (I10766)
 
129 "Sometime during the summer of 1199, certainly before 30 August, John had his childless - and controversial - marriage to Hawise of Gloucester annulled in Normandy by the Bishops of Lisieux, Bayeux, and Avranches, on a plea of consanguinity, although he managed to keep hold of her lands. Hawise, who had not been crowned queen, did not contest the action, and she and John seem to have remained friendly, since he continued to send her presents. She remarried twice, and died without issue in 1217. She was buried in Canterbury Cathedral."
 
Family F2435
 
130 "Such evidence as survives suggests that [Eleanor] probably resided at the castle for well over half of all the weeks in any one year." Provence, Eleonore de Queen Consort of England (I10785)
 
131 "The History [of William Marshal] records that the real hero of the hour at Mirebeau was not John but his seneschal of Anjou, William de Roches. William had shown such feats of arms and such courage that his efforts were to be marveled at. Like any hero worthy of the name he had, by repute, three horses killed from underneath him, yet still he fought on leading his troops from the front. No doubt there is some exaggeration in the telling of the tale (it is a common trope that warrior heroes have three horses cut from underneath them), but equally there is no doubt that William de Roches thought he had done enough to warrant a share not only in the profits of victory but also in the handling of the prisoners, especially Arthur, to whom he had at one stage been loyal. But John, according to the History, 'puffed up with pride which daily grew so blurred his vision that he could not see reason,' and acted in such a high-handed manner he 'lost the affection of the barons of the land before he had crossed to England.' Even the most exaled of the prisoners were treated shamefully, kept in chains like common criminals." Roches, Guillaume des Seneschal of Anjou (I19590)
 
132 "The Atlanta Constitution"
Atlanta, Fulton Co., Georgia

Issue of January 23, 1905

Mortuary

Mrs. Sarah Allen, Williamson, Ga.

Williamson, Ga., January 22 - (Special) Mrs. Sarah Allen, wife of Judge Robert H. Allen, died this evening. She was 80 years old and a member of one of the most prominent families in the section.
 
Sentell, Sarah (I2135)
 
133 "The Battle of Aguioncha or Aguiuncias, the culmination of a Galician-Portuguese civil war in the Kingdom of León, was fought at the hill called Aguioncha on the river Salas in the province of Ourense between two aristocratic factions. The leader of the victorious faction was the Portuguese count Gonzalo Menéndez, that of the defeated the Galician count Rodrigo Velázquez." Menéndez, Gonzalo Conde de Portugal (I18898)
 
134 "The Battle of Bannockburn (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Allt nam Bànag or Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Allt a' Bhonnaich) 24 June 1314 was a significant Scottish victory in the First War of Scottish Independence, and a landmark in Scottish history." Berkeley, Thomas de 1st Baron Berkeley, MP (I11411)
 
135 "The Battle of Bouvines, which took place on 27 July 1214, was a medieval battle which ended the 1202?1214 Anglo-French War. It was fundamental in the early development of France in the Middle Ages by confirming the French crown's sovereignty over the Angevin lands of Brittany and Normandy." Dammartin was exiled as a result of the defeat. Dammartin, Simon de Comte de Ponthieu et de Montreuil (I13285)
 
136 "The Battle of Covadonga was the first victory by Christendom military forces in Iberia since the Islamic conquest of Hispania in 711-718." Asturias, Pelayo de King of Asturias (I18965)
 
137 "The Battle of Evesham (4 August 1265) was one of the two main battles of 13th century England's Second Barons' War. It marked the defeat of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and the rebellious barons by the future King Edward I, who led the forces of his father, King Henry III. It took place on 4 August 1265, near the town of Evesham, Worcestershire." Berkeley, Thomas de 1st Baron Berkeley, MP (I11411)
 
138 "The Battle of Falkirk (Blàr na h-Eaglaise Brice in Gaelic), which took place on 22 July 1298, was one of the major battles in the First War of Scottish Independence. Led by King Edward I of England, the English army defeated the Scots, led by William Wallace. Shortly after the battle Wallace resigned as Guardian of Scotland." Berkeley, Thomas de 1st Baron Berkeley, MP (I11411)
 
139 "The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army" including Raymond. Tripoli, Raymond III of Count of Tripoli (I19311)
 
140 "The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army." Joscelin was captured. Courtenay, Joscelin III de Lord of Harenc (I19306)
 
141 "The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army." Thoros evaded capture. Armenia, Thoros II of Lord of the Mountains (I19356)
 
142 "The Battle of Mount Cadmus took place near Laodicea on January 6, 1148, during the Second Crusade. The French crusader army, led by Louis VII of France, was defeated by the Seljuks of Rum." Warenne, William III de 3rd Earl of Surrey (I11512)
 
143 "The Battle of Río Burbia or the Battle of the Burbia River was a battle fought in the year 791 between the troops of the Kingdom of Asturias, commanded by King Bermudo I of Asturias, and the troops of the Emirate of Córdoba, led by Yusuf ibn Bujt. The battle occurred in the context of the Ghazws of Hisham I against the Christian rebels of the northern Iberian Peninsula. The battle took place near the Río Burbia, in the area which is today known as Villafranca del Bierzo. The battle resulted in Andalusian victory." Asturias, Vermudo I de King of Asturias (I18959)
 
144 "The Battle of Simancas (also called Alhandega or al-Khandaq) was a military battle that started on July 19, 939, in the Iberian Peninsula between the troops of the king of León Ramiro II and Cordovan caliph Abd al-Rahman III near the walls of the city of Simancas. The battle decided the control of the lands of the Duero. * * * The battle lasted some days, with the allied Christian troops emerging victorious and routing the Cordovan forces."  González de Castilla, Fernán Conde de Castilla (I18167)
 
145 "The battle that ensued was a desperate affair, in which Louis himself was nearly killed: he escaped a rush by Turkish attackers by scrambling up a rock covered in tree roots and battering back his assailants with his sword until they tired of the pursuit and rode away. He rejoined his men once night had fallen, having come to them 'in the silence of midnight, without a guide.' The French fatalities were considerable and the injury to their pride greater still; after a week skirting the enemy territory, they had fared nearly as badly as the Germans." Louis VII King of the Franks (I11991)
 
146 "The Constitution"
Atlanta, Georgia

June 5, 1917

W. H. Huguley, West Point

West Point, Ga., June 4 - (Special) - W. H. Huguley, one of West Point's most highly respected citizens, died at his home here this morning at the age of 87. He was born in Troup county and had lived in this community all his life. He was a confederate veteran and a brother of Colonel George H. Huguley, a distinguished officer in the confederate army. Mr. Huguley succeeded his father, the late George H. Huguley, as president of the Georgia-Alabama Manufacturing company, but retired from business in 1890 to resume his farming interests. Mr. Huguley is survived by his wife, four sisters, Mrs. A. Jackson and Mrs. L. Lanier of West Point, Mrs. L. H. Yancey and Mrs. R. M. Goodall, of Birmingham, and four sons, W. T. Huguley of New York and Washington; G. A., W. H., and Amos Huguley of West Point. 
Huguley, William Henderson (I10399)
 
147 "The date of John's birth is traditionally set as December 24, 1167, at Oxford (Handbook of British Chronology, ed. E. B. Frye et al. (London, 3rd edn, 1986), p. 37), but this is wrong on almost every count." John I King of England (I10786)
 
148 "The day after the council met, Tecumseh, with a suite of twenty-four warriors, marched into the centre of the square, and stood still and erect as so many statues. They were dressed in tanned buckskin huntingshirt and leggins, fitting closely, so as to exhibit their muscular development, and they wore a profusion of silver ornaments; their faces were painted red and black. Each warrior carried a rifle, tomahawk, and war-club. They were the most athletic body of men I ever saw. The famous Jim Bluejacket was among them. Tecumseh was about six feet high, well put together, not so stout as some of his followers, but of an austere countenance and imperial mien. He was in the prime of life. The Shawnees made no salutation, but stood facing the council-house, not looking to the right or the left. Throughout the assembly there was a dead silence. At length the Big Warrior, a noted chief of the Creeks and a man of colossal proportions, slowly approached, and handed his pipe to Tecumseh. It was passed in succession to each of his warriors; and then the Big Warrior- not a word being spoken- pointed to a large cabin, a few hundred yards from the square, which had previously been furnished with skins and provisions. Tecumseh and his band, in single file, marched to it. At night they danced, in the style peculiar to the northern tribes, in front of this cabin, and the Creeks crowded around, but no salutations were exchanged. Every morning the chief sent an interpreter to the council-house to announce that he would appear and deliver his talk, but before the council broke up another message came that "the sun had traveled too far, and he would talk next day." At length Colonel Hawkins became impatient, and ordered his horses to be packed. I told him the Shawnees intended mischief; that I noted much irritation and excitement among the Creeks, and he would do well to remain. He derided my notions, declared that the Creeks were entirely under his control and could not be seduced, that Tecumseh's visit was merely one of show and ceremony, and he laughingly added, 'Sam, you are getting womanly and cowardly.' I warned him that there was danger ahead, and that, with his permission, as I had a depot of goods in the nation, I would watch them a while longer. We then packed up and publicly left the ground, and rode twelve miles to the Big Spring, where Colonel Hawkins agreed to halt for a day or two, and I returned at night to the vicinity of the council ground, where I fell in with young Bill Milfort, a handsome half-blood, nearly white, whom I had once nursed through a dangerous illness. Bill-alas! that he should have been doomed to perish by my hand- was strongly attached to me, and agreed to apprise me when Tecumseh was ready to deliver his talk. Next day, precisely at twelve, Bill summoned me. I saw the Shawnees issue from their lodge; they were painted black, and entirely naked except the flap about their loins. Every weapon but the war-club-then first introduced among the Creeks-had been laid aside. An angryscowl sat on all their visages: they looked like a procession of devils. Tecumseh led, the warriors followed, one in the footsteps of the other. The Creeks, in dense masses, stood on each side of the path, but the Shawnees noticed no one; they marched to the pole in the centre of the square, and then turned to the left." Milfort, Will (I6024)
 
149 "The fact that Count Vulgrin, shortly before 1179, had married Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh, lord of Amboise, suggests the marriage had been arranged to suit the Angevins, for Hugh was one of their trusted men. A connection like this, to a family from the Touraine, was an abrupt departure from the time-honored pattern of Angoulême marriage alliances which linked the counts to the lords of Périgord, the Limousin, La Marche and the Saintonge." Family F3107
 
150 "The key moment, indeed in this transformation [anglicisation] of Scottish society took place in the middle of the twelfth century during the reign of King David I." David I King of Scotland (I4865)
 

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