Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

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201
Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1641 - 1709)
Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1641 - 1709)
 
 
202
Barnard Castle
Barnard Castle
 
 
203
Barton Stone House
Barton Stone House
Montgomery County, Alabama
ca. 1937
Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, 28 Sep 2000
National Register of Historic Places, 31 Dec 2001
 
 
204
Bascilica of San Zeno
Bascilica of San Zeno
Veronna, Italy 
 
205
Basilica of St. Denis
Basilica of St. Denis
Paris, France 
 
206
Basilica of St. Martin
Basilica of St. Martin
Tours, France 
 
207
Battle of Al Mansurah
Battle of Al Mansurah
The Seventh Crusade was prosecuted by King Louis IX in response to yet another loss of Jerusalem. His goal was similar to that endorsed by Richard I during the waning of the Third Crusade and attempted during the Fifth: win Jerusalem by first occupying Ayyubid Egypt. To that end, Louis won a contested amphibious landing in Egypt on 5 Jun 1249 and occupied Damietta while his opponent, Fakhr al-Din, fell back on Mansoura. To avoid the Nile flood season Louis did not move to al-Din until November and then puzzled over crossing the Tanis, all the while suffering harassment from the Egyptianson the opposite bank. With the discovery of a ford, a mounted contingent finally crossed at dawn on 8 Feb 1250. It was an undisciplined charge, led by the king's brother Robert, that was Louis’ undoing: it continued into the narrow confines of Mansoura where it was cut apart by a garrison of Mamluks. Having beaten back the ensuing counterattack, Louis clung stubbornly to his position until disease and starvation forced his retreat in April. That turned into a bloody rout and Louis, himself suffering from dysentery, was captured and subsequently ransomed. The tactical failures of the crusade fatally shifted the balance of power away from Christian and Ayyubid alike: Mamluk hegemony in the Levant was on the ascent. 
 
208
Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
On 22 Aug 1191, Richard marched his army out of Acre, bound for Jaffa. Saladin shadowed Richard to the Rochetaille River and then moved his army into position to block Richard's advance. Richard managed to maintain formation nearly to Arsulf as he moved through the attacking Ayyubids; however, the rearguard of Hospitallers finally lost patience and wheeled about, breaking ranks. This was not the charge that was planned but Richard was now committed. Saladin was defeated in a rout. Jaffa was occupied on 10 Sep 1191. In anticipation of Richard's next move, Saladin razed Ascalon. But Richard also found his strategic plans to cut Saladin's lines of communication with Egypt trumped by the expectations of his army: they wanted to be in the Holy City by Christmas. Unable to keep his army in winter quarters just outside of Jerusalem, Richard retired with a much reduced force to Ascalon. 
 
209
Battle of Ashkelon
Battle of Ashkelon
Engraving by C.W. Sharpe, based on a painting of the same title by Gustav Dore.

The Fatimid army raised to relieve Jerusalem was routed by a surprise dawn attack by the outnumbered forces under the command of Godfrey. The petty rivalry between the Princeps and Raymond of Toulouse prevented the surrender of Ashkelon. 
 
210
Battle of Bannockburn
Battle of Bannockburn
24 Jun 1314 (Day 2) 
 
211
Battle of Bouvines
Battle of Bouvines
At Bouvines, French king Philip defeated English king John I's allied force of German, Flemish and English armies under the command of his nephew, German king Otto IV. (This was to be coordinated with the opening of a second front in Aquitaine by John.) This ended the king's efforts to recover his Angevin lands. As a military failure it cost John his remaining political capital at home. 
 
212
Battle of Cedar Creek
Battle of Cedar Creek
Civil War Lithograph by Kurz and Allison 
 
213
Battle of Lincoln
Battle of Lincoln
Regent William Marshal, commanding on behalf of King Henry III, defeated a combined force of French and rebel troops that were besieging Lincoln castle, then held by the Royalist, Lady Nicola de la Hay. The defeat effectively ended Capetian bid to win the English crown. 
 
214
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Missionary Ridge
 
 
215
Battle of Montisgard
Battle of Montisgard
With the abandonment of the joint Jerusalem-Byzantine invasion of Egypt and the campaigning transferring to the north, Baldwin IV was left without a sufficient force to oppose Saladin as he moved into Judea with a large army. Once his army began looting, however, it lost cohesion. Baldwin came out from behind the walls of Ashkelon and fell on Saladin at Mont Gisard. With their forces dispersed and having to execute a retreat in the face of the enemy, the rout of the Ayyubids was on. 
 
216
Battle of Myriokephelon
Battle of Myriokephelon
The Byzantine army was ambushed in a mountain pass by the Seljuq Turk, Kilij Arslan II and thus were ended Greek attempts to control interior Anatolia.  
 
217
Bayeux Tapestry - Scenes 55 & 56
Bayeux Tapestry - Scenes 55 & 56
Duke William, helmet raised, on the battlefield of Hastings with Count Eustace II (finger pointing). William of Poitiers alleged Eustache counseled William to retreat from the field when he was gravely wounded. Others report that the count was wounded at the close of the battle at the Malfosse (Evil Ditch). 
 
218
Bayne, Eleanor Smith
Bayne, Eleanor Smith
 
 
219
Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359), Queen consort of Portugal
Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359), Queen consort of Portugal
 
 
220
Beaufort Castle
Beaufort Castle
 
 
221
Beaufort, Cardinal Henry
Beaufort, Cardinal Henry
 
 
222
Beaufort, Margaret
Beaufort, Margaret
 
 
223
Beaumont Palace ca. 1785
Beaumont Palace ca. 1785
 
 
224
Bell, Jane Eastin Yeatman
Bell, Jane Eastin Yeatman
 
 
225
Bell, Jane Erwin
Bell, Jane Erwin
 
 
226
Bell, John
Bell, John
 
 
227
Bell, John
Bell, John
Speaker of the House; United States Senator; Presidential Candidate 
 
228
Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (1679-1715)
Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (1679-1715)
Governor of Maryland (1684–1688) 
 
229
Benedict Swingate Calvert (1722 - 1788)
Benedict Swingate Calvert (1722 - 1788)
Maryland Planter, Politician and Loyalist 
 
230
Benjamin Cudworth Yancey (1817-1891)
Benjamin Cudworth Yancey (1817-1891)
 
 
231
Benjamin Drake Wright
Benjamin Drake Wright
 
 
232
Benjamin Franklin McMillan
Benjamin Franklin McMillan
 
 
233
Benjamin Henry and Lou Miles Bryars
Benjamin Henry and Lou Miles Bryars
 
 
234
Berkeley Arms
Berkeley Arms
 
 
235
Berkeley Castle
Berkeley Castle
Berkeley, Gloucestershire 
 
236
Bermondsey Abbey
Bermondsey Abbey
 
 
237
Bertram Feist Tunstall
Bertram Feist Tunstall
 
 
238
Biggs, Elizabeth Hollinger
Biggs, Elizabeth Hollinger
 
 
239
Biggs, Jasper
Biggs, Jasper
 
 
240
Birthplace of Calhoun
Birthplace of Calhoun
The Historical Marker Database 
 
241
Blanton Home
Blanton Home
 
 
242
Blanton, Estelle Allen
Blanton, Estelle Allen
 
 
243
Blanton, Julia Thompson
Blanton, Julia Thompson
 
 
244
Blanton, William McKendree
Blanton, William McKendree
 
 
245
Blanton, William Parks Jr.
Blanton, William Parks Jr.
 
 
246
Blanton, William Parks Sr.
Blanton, William Parks Sr.
 
 
247
Blickling Hall
Blickling Hall
Blickling, Norfolk, England 
 
248
Blount, Alexander Clement, III
Blount, Alexander Clement, III
 
 
249
Blount, Alexander Clement, Jr.
Blount, Alexander Clement, Jr.
 
 
250
Blount, Alexander Clement, Jr.
Blount, Alexander Clement, Jr.
King of Mardi Gras
ca. 1900 
 

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