Southern Anthology

Families on the Frontiers of the Old South

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201
Austin, Leila Dickinson and Mary Ruth Dickinson Sims
Austin, Leila Dickinson and Mary Ruth Dickinson Sims
 
 
202
Autun Cathedral
Autun Cathedral
 
 
203
B-24 Liberators
B-24 Liberators
 
 
204
Baker, Columbus Winfield 'Sam' and Frances Brooks
Baker, Columbus Winfield "Sam" and Frances Brooks
 
 
205
Baker, Frances Brooks
Baker, Frances Brooks
 
 
206
Balliol College, Oxford University
Balliol College, Oxford University
 
 
207
Balmerino Abbey
Balmerino Abbey
 
 
208
Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1641 - 1709)
Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1641 - 1709)
 
 
209
Barnard Castle
Barnard Castle
 
 
210
Barton Stone House
Barton Stone House
Montgomery County, Alabama
ca. 1937
Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, 28 Sep 2000
National Register of Historic Places, 31 Dec 2001
 
 
211
Bascilica of San Zeno
Bascilica of San Zeno
Veronna, Italy 
 
212
Basilica of St. Denis
Basilica of St. Denis
Paris, France 
 
213
Basilica of St. Martin
Basilica of St. Martin
Tours, France 
 
214
Battle of Al Mansurah
Battle of Al Mansurah
The Seventh Crusade was prosecuted by King Louis IX in response to yet another loss of Jerusalem. His goal was similar to that endorsed by Richard I during the waning of the Third Crusade and attempted during the Fifth: win Jerusalem by first occupying Ayyubid Egypt. To that end, Louis won a contested amphibious landing in Egypt on 5 Jun 1249 and occupied Damietta while his opponent, Fakhr al-Din, fell back on Mansoura. To avoid the Nile flood season Louis did not move to al-Din until November and then puzzled over crossing the Tanis, all the while suffering harassment from the Egyptianson the opposite bank. With the discovery of a ford, a mounted contingent finally crossed at dawn on 8 Feb 1250. It was an undisciplined charge, led by the king's brother Robert, that was Louis’ undoing: it continued into the narrow confines of Mansoura where it was cut apart by a garrison of Mamluks. Having beaten back the ensuing counterattack, Louis clung stubbornly to his position until disease and starvation forced his retreat in April. That turned into a bloody rout and Louis, himself suffering from dysentery, was captured and subsequently ransomed. The tactical failures of the crusade fatally shifted the balance of power away from Christian and Ayyubid alike: Mamluk hegemony in the Levant was on the ascent. 
 
215
Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
Battle of Arsuf and the First Jerusalem Campaign
On 22 Aug 1191, Richard marched his army out of Acre, bound for Jaffa. Saladin shadowed Richard to the Rochetaille River and then moved his army into position to block Richard's advance. Richard managed to maintain formation nearly to Arsulf as he moved through the attacking Ayyubids; however, the rearguard of Hospitallers finally lost patience and wheeled about, breaking ranks. This was not the charge that was planned but Richard was now committed. Saladin was defeated in a rout. Jaffa was occupied on 10 Sep 1191. In anticipation of Richard's next move, Saladin razed Ascalon. But Richard also found his strategic plans to cut Saladin's lines of communication with Egypt trumped by the expectations of his army: they wanted to be in the Holy City by Christmas. Unable to keep his army in winter quarters just outside of Jerusalem, Richard retired with a much reduced force to Ascalon. 
 
216
Battle of Ashkelon
Battle of Ashkelon
Engraving by C.W. Sharpe, based on a painting of the same title by Gustav Dore.

The Fatimid army raised to relieve Jerusalem was routed by a surprise dawn attack by the outnumbered forces under the command of Godfrey. The petty rivalry between the Princeps and Raymond of Toulouse prevented the surrender of Ashkelon. 
 
217
Battle of Bannockburn
Battle of Bannockburn
24 Jun 1314 (Day 2) 
 
218
Battle of Bouvines
Battle of Bouvines
At Bouvines, French king Philip defeated English king John I's allied force of German, Flemish and English armies under the command of his nephew, German king Otto IV. (This was to be coordinated with the opening of a second front in Aquitaine by John.) This ended the king's efforts to recover his Angevin lands. As a military failure it cost John his remaining political capital at home. 
 
219
Battle of Cedar Creek
Battle of Cedar Creek
Civil War Lithograph by Kurz and Allison 
 
220
Battle of Lincoln
Battle of Lincoln
Regent William Marshal, commanding on behalf of King Henry III, defeated a combined force of French and rebel troops that were besieging Lincoln castle, then held by the Royalist, Lady Nicola de la Hay. The defeat effectively ended Capetian bid to win the English crown. 
 
221
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Missionary Ridge
 
 
222
Battle of Montisgard
Battle of Montisgard
With the abandonment of the joint Jerusalem-Byzantine invasion of Egypt and the campaigning transferring to the north, Baldwin IV was left without a sufficient force to oppose Saladin as he moved into Judea with a large army. Once his army began looting, however, it lost cohesion. Baldwin came out from behind the walls of Ashkelon and fell on Saladin at Mont Gisard. With their forces dispersed and having to execute a retreat in the face of the enemy, the rout of the Ayyubids was on. 
 
223
Battle of Myriokephelon
Battle of Myriokephelon
The Byzantine army was ambushed in a mountain pass by the Seljuq Turk, Kilij Arslan II and thus were ended Greek attempts to control interior Anatolia.  
 
224
Battle of Nájera
Battle of Nájera
Castilian king Pedro I was deposed in 1366 by his bastard half-brother, Enrique of Trastamara, a feat that was accomplished with the backing of the French. Pedro turned to the Prince of Wales, now installed in Aquitaine, but found him cool to the idea of assisting an excommuniced ally of Muslim Grenada and known tyrant. Realpolitik intervened. The contest for throne of Castile provided yet another venue for Edward III to prosecute his ongoing conflict-by-proxy with the French; thus the king eventually rallied the English to Pedro's cause. The fighting (and the bill) fell to Wales. After an inauspicious start in February, Wales thrashed the Spanish at Nájera. The Castilians, advantaged with with superior numbers, were spread on the plain before the town but Wales hit their flank and, once again, the longbow was the difference. Victory was not complete, however. Trastamara made good an escape to France. For the English, the campaign was a tactical success but a strategic failure: Enrique returned after a short respite to topple Pedro and Wales was saddled with the debt of an inconclusive campaign and a fractious nobility that was receptive to the lure of Charles V.  
 
225
Battle of Sluys
Battle of Sluys
English naval forces under the command Edward III defeated the numerically superior French who were chained together in a defensive position off the Flanders' coast. The victory, an opening conflict in the Hundred Years War, gave the English control of the Channel. 
 
226
Bayeux Tapestry - Scenes 55 & 56
Bayeux Tapestry - Scenes 55 & 56
Duke William, helmet raised, on the battlefield of Hastings with Count Eustace II (finger pointing). William of Poitiers alleged Eustache counseled William to retreat from the field when he was gravely wounded. Others report that the count was wounded at the close of the battle at the Malfosse (Evil Ditch). 
 
227
Bayne, Eleanor Smith
Bayne, Eleanor Smith
 
 
228
Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359), Queen consort of Portugal
Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359), Queen consort of Portugal
 
 
229
Beaufort Castle
Beaufort Castle
 
 
230
Beaufort, Cardinal Henry
Beaufort, Cardinal Henry
 
 
231
Beaufort, Margaret
Beaufort, Margaret
 
 
232
Beaumont Palace ca. 1785
Beaumont Palace ca. 1785
 
 
233
Bell, Jane Eastin Yeatman
Bell, Jane Eastin Yeatman
 
 
234
Bell, Jane Erwin
Bell, Jane Erwin
 
 
235
Bell, John
Bell, John
 
 
236
Bell, John
Bell, John
Speaker of the House; United States Senator; Presidential Candidate 
 
237
Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (1679-1715)
Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (1679-1715)
Governor of Maryland (1684–1688) 
 
238
Benedict Swingate Calvert (1722 - 1788)
Benedict Swingate Calvert (1722 - 1788)
Maryland Planter, Politician and Loyalist 
 
239
Benjamin Cudworth Yancey (1817-1891)
Benjamin Cudworth Yancey (1817-1891)
 
 
240
Benjamin Drake Wright
Benjamin Drake Wright
 
 
241
Benjamin Franklin McMillan
Benjamin Franklin McMillan
 
 
242
Benjamin Henry and Lou Miles Bryars
Benjamin Henry and Lou Miles Bryars
 
 
243
Berkeley Arms
Berkeley Arms
 
 
244
Berkeley Castle
Berkeley Castle
Berkeley, Gloucestershire 
 
245
Bermondsey Abbey
Bermondsey Abbey
 
 
246
Bertram Feist Tunstall
Bertram Feist Tunstall
 
 
247
Biggs, Elizabeth Hollinger
Biggs, Elizabeth Hollinger
 
 
248
Biggs, Jasper
Biggs, Jasper
 
 
249
Birthplace of Calhoun
Birthplace of Calhoun
The Historical Marker Database 
 
250
Bishop Warren Akin Candler (1857-1941)
Bishop Warren Akin Candler (1857-1941)
 
 

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